在雅思阅读的文章中,经常会出现一些句型比较复杂,而且篇幅比较长的句子,也就是我们通常所说的长难句。今天小编为大家带来的是雅思阅读常见长难句详解内容,希望通过详细的讲解,能帮助大家理解分析的方法。

  1.含有较多成份的简单句

  简单句的句子主杆种类有五种:主系表‚主谓ƒ主谓宾④主谓宾宾⑤主谓宾补.

  在句子主杆上开展扩大,如增加定语、状语等就组成了该类句子.如:

  A. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century.

  本句主杆是classical instrumentalists ... compete with....第一部分是for正确引导的介词短语作状语,表明目地.第二一部分尽管句子较长,但构造较简易,其宾语是由表达递进关系的关系短语not only...but also联接的两一部分,of the 20th century做后置定语装饰musicians.

  B. The emphasis on data gathered first-hand, combined with a cross-cultural perspective brought to the analysis of cultures past and present, makes this study a unique and distinctly important social science.

  这话的一个鲜明特点就是说主语较长,主语实际上是2个并排的构造用combined with来联接.

  2.带有好几个简单句的并列句

  2个或2个之上的简单句用并列连词连在一起组成的句子,称为并列句,其基础构造是“简单句 并列连词 简单句”.并列连词有:and, but, or, so等.并列句中的各简单句实际意义同样关键,彼此之间沒有主从关系,是平行面并排的关联.他们中间用连词相互连接.如:

  A. The role of natural selection in evolution was formulated only a little more than a hundred years ago, and the selective role of the environment in shaping and maintaining the behavior of the individual is only beginning to be recognized and studied.

  本句的句子构造非常简单,是由and联接的并列句.

  B. Children will play with dolls equipped with personality chips, computers with in-built personalities will be regarded as workmates rather than tools, relaxation will be in front of smell-television, and digital age will have arrived.

  这是一个由四个并列句构成的句子.equipped with personality chips作定语装饰dolls.

  3.带有好几个从句的复合句

  该类句子就是指一个从句中嵌套循环另一个从句,句子较长.如:

  A. Marketers have embraced the two-step flow because it suggests that if they can just find and influence the influentials, those selected people will do most of the work for them.

  because正确引导缘故状语从句,在其中包含that正确引导的宾语从句;该宾语从句中,if正确引导标准状语从句.

  B. Meanwhile, many settles had slighter religious commitments than Dane’s, as one clergyman learned in confronting folk along the coast who mocked that they had not come to the New World for religion.

  as正确引导的定语从句代指前边全部句子,该定语从句中,who正确引导的定语从句装饰folk,that正确引导的名词性从句做mocked的宾语.

  4.带有好几个插进成份的句子

  该类句子就是指,原本应当紧密相连的句子的各成份被分离,正中间存有别的成份.如:

  A. In his latest book, Doing Our Own Thing: The Degradation of Language and Music and Why We Should, Like, Care, John McWhorter, a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views, sees the triumph of

  1960s counter-culture as responsible for the decline of formal English. 插入语Doing Our Own Thing: The Degradation of Language and Music and Why We Should, Like, Care是his latest book的同位语;a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views是插入语,表明John McWhorter的真实身份.

  B. While in America the trend started as a reaction to the economic decline—after the mass redundancies caused by downsizing in the late-80s—and is still linked to the politics of thrift, in Britain, at least among the middle-class downshifters of my acquaintance, we have different reasons for seeking to simplify our lives.

  破折号正中间是插入语,对前边开展补充说明;第二一部分,at least... acquaintance也是插入语,来进一步补充说明,为前边讲得话留余地.

  5.并列复合句

  并列复合句就是指并列连词连接了带从句的并列句.如:

  A. Chomsky’s grammar should show patterns of language change that are independent of the family tree or the pathway tracked through it, whereas Greenbergian universality predicts strong co-dependencies between particular types of word-order relations.

  本句是由whereas连接的并列构造.第一部分that引导的定语从句that are independent of the family tree or the pathway tracked through it装饰patterns of language change.

  B. Unhappy parents rarely are provoked to wonder if they shouldn’t have had kids, but unhappy childless folks are bothered with the message that children are the single most important thing in the world: obviously their misery must be a direct result of the gaping baby-size holes in their lives.

  本句是由but连接的并列句.第二一部分the message以后是that引导的同位语从句表明message的內容.

  6.倒装句

  And since these messages have an agenda—to lure us to open our wallets— they make the very idea of happiness seem unreliable. “Celebrate!” commanded the ads for the arthritis drug Celebrex, before we found out it could increase the risk of heart attacks.

  第二句上半部分有倒装句,用于注重“Celebrate”,该句主语是the ads,宾语是commanded,最终是before引导的時间状语从句.

  以上是由智课小编为大家整理的关于“雅思阅读常见长难句详解”的全部内容,希望可以帮助到大家更好的准备雅思考试,小编在此预祝大家在雅思考试中取得好成绩!


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