A. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century.
本句主杆是classical instrumentalists ... compete with....第一部分是for正确引导的介词短语作状语,表明目地.第二一部分尽管句子较长,但构造较简易,其宾语是由表达递进关系的关系短语not only...but also联接的两一部分,of the 20th century做后置定语装饰musicians.
B. The emphasis on data gathered first-hand, combined with a cross-cultural perspective brought to the analysis of cultures past and present, makes this study a unique and distinctly important social science.
2个或2个之上的简单句用并列连词连在一起组成的句子,称为并列句,其基础构造是“简单句 并列连词 简单句”.并列连词有：and, but, or, so等.并列句中的各简单句实际意义同样关键,彼此之间沒有主从关系,是平行面并排的关联.他们中间用连词相互连接.如：
A. The role of natural selection in evolution was formulated only a little more than a hundred years ago, and the selective role of the environment in shaping and maintaining the behavior of the individual is only beginning to be recognized and studied.
B. Children will play with dolls equipped with personality chips, computers with in-built personalities will be regarded as workmates rather than tools, relaxation will be in front of smell-television, and digital age will have arrived.
这是一个由四个并列句构成的句子.equipped with personality chips作定语装饰dolls.
A. Marketers have embraced the two-step flow because it suggests that if they can just find and influence the influentials, those selected people will do most of the work for them.
B. Meanwhile, many settles had slighter religious commitments than Dane’s, as one clergyman learned in confronting folk along the coast who mocked that they had not come to the New World for religion.
A. In his latest book, Doing Our Own Thing: The Degradation of Language and Music and Why We Should, Like, Care, John McWhorter, a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views, sees the triumph of
1960s counter-culture as responsible for the decline of formal English. 插入语Doing Our Own Thing: The Degradation of Language and Music and Why We Should, Like, Care是his latest book的同位语;a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views是插入语,表明John McWhorter的真实身份.
B. While in America the trend started as a reaction to the economic decline—after the mass redundancies caused by downsizing in the late-80s—and is still linked to the politics of thrift, in Britain, at least among the middle-class downshifters of my acquaintance, we have different reasons for seeking to simplify our lives.
破折号正中间是插入语,对前边开展补充说明;第二一部分,at least... acquaintance也是插入语,来进一步补充说明,为前边讲得话留余地.
A. Chomsky’s grammar should show patterns of language change that are independent of the family tree or the pathway tracked through it, whereas Greenbergian universality predicts strong co-dependencies between particular types of word-order relations.
本句是由whereas连接的并列构造.第一部分that引导的定语从句that are independent of the family tree or the pathway tracked through it装饰patterns of language change.
B. Unhappy parents rarely are provoked to wonder if they shouldn’t have had kids, but unhappy childless folks are bothered with the message that children are the single most important thing in the world: obviously their misery must be a direct result of the gaping baby-size holes in their lives.
And since these messages have an agenda—to lure us to open our wallets— they make the very idea of happiness seem unreliable. “Celebrate!” commanded the ads for the arthritis drug Celebrex, before we found out it could increase the risk of heart attacks.