在雅思听力考试中,选择题是必考题型,而且所占的比例也比较大,是我们提高总分的关键。接下来小编通过实际的例题解题,帮助大家熟悉选择题这类题型。具体雅思听力选择题如何巧妙解题,来看下面介绍内容。

  1、首先来明确一下短选题和长选题的形式

  一组单选短选的例题,如下:

  32.Pictures of Asiatic lions can be seen on

  ancient coins from

  A.Greece.

  B.the Middle East.

  C.India.

  33.Asiatic lions disappeared from Europe

  A.2,500 years ago.

  B.2,000 years ago.

  C.1,900 years ago.

  34.Very few African lions have

  A.a long mane.

  B.a coat with varied colours.

  C.a fold of skin on their stomach.

  2、再来看一组单选长选的例题,如下:

  31.According to the speaker, it is not clear

  A.when the farming economy was introduced to Ireland.

  B.why people began to farm in Ireland.

  C.where the early Irish farmers came from.

  32.What point does the speaker make about breeding animals in Neolithic Ireland?

  A.Their numbers must have been above a certain level.

  B.They were under threat from wild animals.

  C.Some species died out during this period.

  33.What does the speaker say about the transportation of animals?

  A.Livestock would have limited the distance the farmers could sail.

  B.Neolithic boats were too primitive to have been used.

  C.Probably only a few breeding animals were imported.

  34.What is the main evidence for cereal crops in Neolithic Ireland?

  A.The remains of burnt grain in pots

  B.The marks left on pots by grains

  C.The patterns painted on the surface of pots

  好,那么看完这些例题同学们应该清楚我们所指的短选题和长选题是什么样子的了。但到这里还没有完全结束,刚刚的短选例题是一篇出现在section 4 部分的选择题,难点主要是对原文的改写比较多,生词比较多,而且语速相对要更快一些,而一般情况下我们讲的短选题其实多半出现在section 2 部分,偶尔section 1 也有所涉及,但无论在哪个部分出现,我们应该做的最重要的一件事情,就是在考试之前尽最大努力提升自己的基本听力能力和词汇量,对录音中提及的各种细节做到明确的分辨。当然,除此之外,我们依然有很多可以准备。解题思路如下:

  1 审题

  在整篇录音有标题的情况下,应结合标题和题干中的信息,大致预测录音内容。

  2 读题目,分析选项

  在这一部分,大家可以注意一点,对于短选选择题,我们几乎可以一眼就看完一道题的所有选项,那么这种时候更加要求烤鸭们能够仔细分析每个选项之间的差别。比如下面这道例题:

  When you start the trek you must be

  A.interested in getting fit.

  B.already quite fit.

  C.already very fit.

  首先这几个选项都包含fit 这个关键词,这就意味这我们是要选择对身体健康状况的明确要求,A 选项很好理解,但是B 和C 选项未免有点难以分辨了。

  而实际上,quite 在牛津词典的第一个定义是"to some degree ", 即" 在某种程度上, 相当" 的意思,那么very 的意思则是" to a high degree,extremely ",这样看来,very 是要比quite 的程度更深一些的,刚好对应到我们的听力原文" extremely fit "。

  3. 结合选项和常识,预测可能的答案

  以下面这篇例题:

  11.On the holiday, you will be walking for

  A.6 days.

  B.8 days.

  C.10 days.

  ……

  15.As you walk you will carry

  A.all of your belongings.

  B.some of your belongings.

  C.none of your belongings.

  通常情况下,当你要去参加一次为期6-10 天( 根据第11 题的选项) 的徒步旅行时,你一定会有行李,但是在你进行徒步的时候,会选择C 选项( 什么都不携带) 还是选择A 选项( 携带所有行李物品) 呢? 很明显,根据常识,我们更倾向于携带一部分必需品而将其他行李物品放置在住宿地点。所以在这种情况下,我们是可

  以利用自己的学习生活经验或是常识去进行初步的预测和判断的。

  4 听录音,选定正确答案,排除错误选项

  这一部分的重点是结合录音和题目选项,为各种形式的同义替换做准备。找到对应的同义替换词以及相关的细节信息,根据所给细节信息和题目的问题去排除掉多余的干扰项并且进一步选定正确答案。

  5. 注意事项

  (1) 不符合常识的选项一定不选,如以下例题:

  15.The holiday insurance that is offered by

  PS Camping

  A.can be charged on an annual basis.

  B.is included in the price of the holiday.

  C.must be taken out at the time of booking.

  我们结合题干看A 选项: 由PS 野营公司提供的假日保险可以按年度购买。那么问题来了,游客的目的是进行野营,会有公司要求你按年度购买野营公司提供的保险么? 很明显,不会。所以这就是一个几乎不符合常识的选项,我们判定为错误选项。

  (2) 并列选项排除。当选项中的任意两个选项以并列形式出现在录音当中的时候,则需排除这两个选项,去选取剩余选项,如:

  16.The Semira region has a long tradition of

  A.making carpets.

  B.weaving blankets.

  C.carving wood.

  原文: The area has been famous for centuries for making beautiful carpets, although recently there has been a trend to move into weaving blankets and wood carving.

  假设我们漏听了前面提及的making beautiful carpets,但是只要后面我们听到了并列出现的weaving blankets and wood carving 就可以排除这两个选项而去选择A 选项,而录音中其他的提示词也为我们指定了唯一的正确选项, 比如long history 替换 for centuries。

  (3) 注意信息分层级,或者所属关系,例如:

  13.Which organized activity can children do every day of the week?

  A.Football

  B.Drama

  C.Model making

  原文: Each day kicks off with a sports match, perhaps football, or volleyball,followed by an hour of drama for everyone. This may include singing or dancing, mime or other activities. In the afternoon, there’s a different art activity for each day of the week, including a poster competition and model making.

  题干所表达的信息是:孩子们在每一天都可以做的有组织的活动,所以结合录音文本,每天都可以的是第一层级信息,即早上sports match,然后一小时drama,下午是art activity. 而像football,volleyball, singing, dancing, mime, poster competition 和model making都不能作为正确选项,因为它们都是第二层级的细节信息,每一天的细节练习情况并不一致,所以最后选B 选项这个第一层级的信息。

  以上是小编为大家分享的“雅思听力选择题如何巧妙解题”的全部内容,希望可以为大家备考雅思提供一些帮助,更多雅思精彩内容敬请关注智课网!


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