雅思写作应该如何有效的去备考呢,其实大多数的考生对这方面都是没有办法下手的,不知道该怎样备考才会更加有效。为了帮助大家更好的备考雅思写作,小编特意为大家准备了雅思写作技巧的相关内容,希望对大家的备考有所帮助!

  目录内容:

  Part 1:线形图(Line Graph)

  Part 2:柱状图(Bar Chart)

  Part 3:饼状图(Pie Chart)

  Part 4:表格(Table)

  Part 5:流程图(Diagram)

  Part 6:地图题(文章长度已超载,暂无更新)

  Part 1:线形图(Line Graph)

  一、线形图数据的描写

  线形图的基本特征就是,随着一段时间的推移,图里的元素发生升高、降低或者不变的趋势。所以,我们需要掌握基本动词的表达。

  有些同学会准备一大张纸,上面抄满了各种表示不同特征的词和句式,到考试前就背呀背,其实这不一定是最好的办法。

  英语谚语有云Less is more(少就是多),我的经验是:不要太多,不要太多!每一类的表达,掌握三个就足够了,因为各种表达如果太多的话,到了考场真正考试时可能会记不住,而且,就算记住了,记得越多,使用时混淆或者用错的可能性就越高。

  线形图里最基本的特征有升高和降低,可以用“动词+副词”或“形容词+名词”这两种表达,他们可以相互转化:

  

  

  另外,还有线形图常出现的波动、保持平稳、到达最高或最低点,这样的表达每一类能记住两个就可以了。

  

  二、描述线形图的句型

  相信大家在看过不同种类的范文后发现,在描述数据时,其实可以有非常多的句式,其中有些简单,有些又具有特殊性,不易归纳。这里我总结了五种描写线形图中最实用、最经典的句型:

  句型一:X(描述对象)+ 趋势动词 + 副词

  句型二:There was a + 形容词 + 趋势名词 + in X(描述对象)

  句型三:时间 + saw/ experienced/ witnessed a + 形容词 + 趋势名词

  句型四:A + 形容词 + 趋势名词 + took place/ occurred.

  句型五:X(描述对象)+ showed/ took +an upward/ downward trend.

  比如分别用这五种句型来描述下面的图:

  

  句型一:The price of textbooks fell sharply in 2019.

  句型二:There was a rapid decrease in the price of textbooks in 2019.

  句型三:The year 2019 witnessed a dramatic drop in the price of textbooks.

  句型四:A sharp fall in the price of textbooks took place in 2019.

  句型五:The price of textbooks showed a downward trend in 2019.

  记住,每一种句型之间都是可以相互转化的,目的就是写作时能做到每种句型的运用游刃有余。各位需要多加练习和运用,目的是做到能在写作时随便就可以写出来。

  三、多点数据的连接方式

  如果掌握了上面的五种句型后就写出文章,那么文章的结构其实是很松散的,主要是因为英语里非常不习惯短句、零散的句子,这跟中文不太一样。因此,我们还需要用适合的方式把这些不同的数据串联起来,使句子变长变复杂,更符合英语的习惯。

  

  我总共总结了六种数据间的连接方式,下面我画了一个简单的图来讲解:

  

  连接方式一:现在分词作状语:starting at, beginning from,通常可以在描述数据的开头时使用

  Starting at 30, X fluctuated around this level in the first decade.(句型一)

  连接方式二:表示时间的连词:before, after,后面接完整句子或者动词的进行式

  X had fluctuated around this level in the first decade before it dropped abruptly to 23 in 1970.

  如果把第一个句子也加上的话,就会变成:

  Starting at 30, X had fluctuated around this level in the first decade before dropping abruptly to 23 in 1970.(上一节里句型一的合并)

  连接方式三:表示并列或转折的连词:but, however, and, in addition

  However, the 1970s witnessed a considerable rise(句型三), and then a peak of 60 took place in 1980.(句型四)

  连接方式四:过去分词作状语:followed by(紧接着...),后面接名词性的短语

  However, the 1970s witnessed a considerable rise, and then a peak of 60 took place in 1980, followed by a sharp fall over the next ten-year period.

  连接方式五:时间定语从句:在表示时间的词后用when引出一个非限制性定语从句

  Yet, there had been a stable pattern at 8 until 2000(句型二), when it began to increase slowly.

  连接方式六:表示时间的副词:after this, following this period, thereafter

  Nonetheless, X is expected to show a downward trend between 2018 and 2022(句型五), and after that, it will probably show unnoticeable rise and fall.

  先hold住跳动的小内心,下面会有范文详细介绍五大句型和六种连接方式具体是怎么使用的。

  四、线形图的写作步骤

  观察图里的横轴和纵轴,对表中描述的对象有个简单的了解;如果图的旁边有注解的话,一般是表示图里数字的单位,也不能漏掉(这点很多同学都犯过错误,因为没看单位,导致描述时整段的数据都是错的!)

  看题目有多少个线形图,一般来说,如果题目里有不只一个图,那么一般是有几个图写几个主体段;

  如果题目里只有一个图,图里不超过三条线的,那就根据有多少条线来分多少段。比如有两条线的,我们就写两段。比如下面的例子:

  

  如果一个图里有超过三条线的,最好是按照一定的标准,比如趋势相似、所属类别相同等把几条线合并起来写,这样在描述数据时才不会因为数据太多,跳来跳去,导致混乱。比如下面这幅图:

  

  大家想想这个图应该分成多少个主体段来写呢?(可以在评论里回答)

  如果一个图里刚好有三条线的,那么可以根据情况,一条线写一个主体段,总共三个主体段(小作文里三个主体段是最多的了),或者把其中的两条线合并在一个主体段,总共两个主体段,两种写法都可以。

  3. 描述每一项(通常是每一条线)的“重要数据”。记住:千万不要想覆盖到图里的每一个点、每一个数据!这是很多刚入坑的同学都有这点强迫症。

  正确的做法是只写重要数据,重要数据包括有:开始点、结束点、相交点、大致趋势、转折点、最大最小值。

  比如下面这副线形图,我把全部“重要数据”都圈了出来,亲们都看懂了没?

  

  五、典型例题和范文

  我们来看一个例题:

  The graph below shows the number of passenger railway journeys made in Great Britain between 1950 and 2004/5.

  

  写作步骤:

  1. 观察到题目里只有一个图,图里的横轴表示的是时间,最晚的时间是2004-05年,表明图里的元素都发生在过去(高手都会留意到这一点,因为这决定了描述数据时所使用的时态,就这幅图而言,应该全部用过去时),纵轴表示的是人数,单位是millions(百万)。

  2. 读图:看到图里有三条线,分别表示的是national rail network, London Underground 和Light rail & metro systems 这三种交通工具使用人数的趋势。

  总体来说,看到national rail network, London Underground 在1950到1980年的使用人数都是不同的,但是,在1980年后,使用这两种交通工具的人开始相同,然后开始一起升高。因为他们有交点,而且在1980后的趋势大致相同,所以可以放在一个主体段内对比描述。

  另外,看到Light rail & metro systems 的数据远低于前面两种交通工具,所以这项单独一个主体段写。

  这里先写一个大致的中文提纲,给各位理一下思路(重要数据都已经圈出来了):

  

  一开始在1950年,national rail network是最多乘客使用的,有1000 millions人这么多(开始点的描写),乘客人数虽然在1960期间升了一丢丢,到了顶峰(最大值描写),但是后面都是狂跌,在1980年跌到了最低的600 millions人(最小值的描写)。相反,London Underground的使用人数在一开始的1950年大概只有national rail network的三分二(开始点的描写,引入横向元素对比,三分之二这数据要自己观察出来),虽然期间有点小波动,但是之后二十年一直在保持平稳。在1970-80期间下跌到最低点,只有500百万人在用(最小值的描写),之后开始乘客人数开始回升,在1985年与national rail network的使用人数相等(相交点的描写)。在1985-2004,这两种交通工具的使用人数逐渐升到了1000百万人。(结束点的描写)

  有意思的是,Light rail & metro systems这项数据在60年代才出现(描写有趣的点),只有非常非常少的大约10 millions人在用,在1980年后看到缓慢的增长,到2004年有200百万人在使用。

  下面我们就可以按照前面学过的五大句型和多点数据的连接方式写出主体段落了:

  It is clear that the trends of all three networks are upward with the most striking feature being the similarity between the National railway network and the London Underground. (概括句)Starting from one billion passengers using national rail network in 1950(注意1000 百万就是10亿,也就是1 billion,改用简单方便的单位更恰当), this figure rose slightly to a peak of about 1.1 billion just before 1960, before dropping consistently to reach the lowest level of 600 million in 1980.(句型一;连接方式一和二的合并使用)In contrast(表示对比,引出第二条线的描述), the number of people who used the London Underground in the 1950s was only two thirds of those taking national rail network, with about 750 million. After this(连接方式六), this number remained stable for the next 20 years, followed by(连接方式四)a gradual decrease to a low of 500 million in around 1985. However(连接方式三), the next several years experienced a rapid increase in passenger numbers of London underground(句型三), to equal those using national rail network(equal这里作及物动词,表示“与...相等”). Thereafter(连接方式六), both followed a very similar pattern as they showed an upward trend towards the billion passenger mark until 2004/05(句型五), with the 1980s and the early 2000s seeing the sharpest increase(句型三).

  On the other hand(“另一方面”,引出第三条线的描述), after their introduction in the 1960s(连接方式二), the light railway and metro systems carried fewer passengers than the other two networks, no more than around ten million over the first 15 years. Nonetheless(连接方式三), in the 1980, there was a marginal increase in the number of journeys made by passengers(句型二), reaching nearly 200 million in 2004/05.

  Part 2:柱状图(Bar Chart)

  一、表达倍数、分数的句型

  柱状图的基本特征就是,在适当的地方作比较。

  大家别忘了小作文的题目要求是:Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 最后一项是:在有关联的数据之间作比较。

  数据之间的比较,指的就是倍数、分数、相等这三种关系。所以,我们需要掌握各种比较关系的表达,这里我总结了三种最实用、最经典的句型:

  句型一:A is X times more than B.(主系表结构)

  句型二:主语 + 谓语 + X times more + 宾语A + than + 主语 + 谓语 + 宾语B(主谓宾结构)

  句型三:There be X times more A than B.(There be结构)

  比如分别用这三种句型来描述下面的图:

  

  句型一:The amount of CO2 emitted from cars in 1999 was three times more than that in 2000. (没错,这是“A是B的三倍”的意思,不是四倍!)

  句型二:In 1999, cars produced three times more CO2 than (they did) in 2000.

  句型三:There was three times more CO2 emitted by cars in 1999 than in 2000.

  再来一个例子:

  

  句型一:In 2000, the average amount of time spent on watching TV on a daily basis by adults in the US was ten minutes higher than that by children.

  句型二:In 2000, adults in the US spent ten minutes more on watching TV every day on average than children (did).

  句型三:In 2000, there were ten minutes more time spent on watching TV every day on average by adults in the US than by children.

  二、柱状图的分类和写作方法

  雅思考试里的柱状图可以分为两大类,在拿到题目时就要决定是属于哪一类,因为不同的分类,写作的思路会完全不一样。

  第一类:有时间推移的,通常是横轴上数据表示时间。对于这种类型的柱状图,把它转化为线形图,按照时间的先后顺序来写(一般是从左到右),因为存在时间推移是线形图的首要特征。(关于线形图的具体写作步骤请各位亲移步到上一部分Part 1:线形图)

  比如下面的例子:

  This bar chart shows the percentage of Australian graduates in full-time employment four months after graduating, between 1995 and 2001.

  

  横轴上表示的是年份,总共有male和female两个元素,我们应该把这图看作是有两条线的线形图,一条线写一个主体段,总共两个主体段。

  The chart below gives information about global sales of games software, CDs and DVD or video.

  

  横轴上标示的也是年份,但这个图有三元素:Games software、DVD/video和CDs,我们把这图转化为线形图后,可以就每一个元素写一个主体段,总共三个主体段。而因为留意到DVD/video和Games software的趋势都是升高的,所以我们也可以把这两个元素合并在一个主体段,另外CDs单独一个主体段,总共写两个主体段。

  第二类:不存在时间推移的,按照同一分类标准,写内部的各种元素,而各元素又按照数值从大到小的顺序写。听起来好像很抽象,我用一个例题来解释:

  The bar chart gives information about the percentage of workers in different sectors of employment in three countries at different stages of economic development.

  

  我们看到图里有两种分类方式,分别是三个国家和三种行业。我们在开始写之前,首先要决定好用的是什么分类标准。

  就这道题来说,要么是以三个国家为线索,分别写每个国家里三种行业工作的人数;要么是以三个行业为线索,分别写每个行业里三个国家分别的劳动人数。这是最清晰、最有规律的,而且是最容易掌握的写法!

  我在课堂上或是在网上,时常听到同学们在争吵究竟柱状图应该按照什么标准来分类,有的老师说应该按照国家分,有的范文又说应该按照行业来分。其实,告诉各位,因为分类标准不一样,写出来的文章结构会不一样,但这是完全没问题的!

  如果细心观察这图,会发现存在一些倍数和相等的数据,比如,在日本从事服务业的人数是工业的两倍,在巴西从事农业和工业的人数相等,在印度从事农业的远比工业和农业的多,这些都是特征数据,应该在写作时有意突出。

  根据这些特征,我以三个国家为线索先写了一个中文的提纲:

  

  从图中可以发现,发达国家的劳动人口集中在服务业的多,而从事农业的少。(概括句,注意:概括的写法不是唯一的)先说日本,发现做服务业的人口最多,有60%,差不多是工业的两倍(倍数对比),而农业只有一丢丢的5%人口在做。

  再说印度,大多数人都在搞农业,有接近三分之二的人口之多,而服务业的人数只有农业的一半都不到(分数对比,其实也是倍数),不到30%,做工业的人口就最少,十个人当中只有一个在搞这行。再说巴西,最多人从事的是服务业,有刚好一半的人口,另外有趣的是,做农业和工业的人数相等,都是四分之一(相等数据)。

  根据这个中文提纲,就可以很简单地写出全部主体段了:

  The data indicates that the country with a more developed economy has a higher proportion of workers in the service sector than in the agricultural sector.(概括句,写法不是唯一的)Speaking of Japan first(引出第一个国家), approximately six out of ten people work in the service sector, the figure doubling the percentage of population employed in industry(倍数对比;double这里作动词). However, a mere 5% of working population work in the agricultural sector(mere表示数量少).

  As far as India is concerned, we can see that the majority of the Indian workforce, amounting to two thirds of its people, is employed in the agricultural sector, while the service sector hires less than half the number of that(分数对比). The lowest percentage of employees work in industry, with 10%. When it comes to Brazil, exactly half of the people find their jobs in the service sector. Interestingly, an equal number of Brazilians work in the agriculture and industry sectors (25% in each) (相等数据).

  Part 3:饼状图(Pie Chart)

  一、“占比”数据的描写

  饼状图的基本特征是,在一个整体里,也就是一个饼里,表示了若干个元素的比例关系,比例的总和是100%。想准确、地道地描述饼状图,我们首先需要掌握一些表示“占比”动词的表达,这里我总结了六种描写饼状图中最实用、最经典的句型:

  句型一:大比例或小比例 + 主语 + 谓语,with + 数字

  句型二:主语 +(表示“组成”的动词)+ 数字

  句型三:单位 of 主语 + which/ who... + is + 数字

  句型四:数字 + 主语 + 谓语

  句型五:There be + 数字 + 主语 + which/ who...

  句型六:For + 主题,数字 + 主语 + 谓语

  比如分别用这六种句型来描述下面的图:

  

  句型一:A majority of sales in Bob's store come from DVDs, with exactly 60%.

  句型二:DVDs account for two thirds of the total sales.

  句型三:The percentage of PC games sold is exactly 20%.

  句型四:Fifteen percent of items sold in the store are CDs.

  句型五:There is merely 5% of the total revenue generated by selling posters.

  句型六:For the sales of posters, only 5% contributes to the turnover(营业额).

  二、饼状图的分类和写法方法

  雅思考试里的饼状图可以分为三大类,在拿到题目时就要决定是属于哪一类,因为不同的分类,写作的思路会完全不一样。

  第一类:单一个饼图。在雅思考试里,其实极少会在小作文只出现一个饼图让你描述的,通常是单一饼图+其他类型的图(柱状图、表格等)。遇到单一个饼图的话,应该把它独立成一个主体段,段里按照不同元素的占比,从大到小按顺序写。也就是上图的例题“Bob的音乐店”的写法,不过注意成文的时候需要加上连接词,使句子之间的衔接更紧密、读起来更流畅。

  比如加上连接词后的版本是这样的:

  

  It is clear from the pie chart that(开头句式,引出第一个数据) a majority of sales in Bob's store come from DVDs, with exactly 60%. Sales are spread over other goods. (引出其余四项数据) Specifically(具体来说), the percentage of PC games sold is exactly 20%, whereas(表示对比)fifteen percent of items sold in the store are CDs. Lastly(引出最后一个元素), for the sales of posters, only 5% contributes to the turnover.

  不知各位有没有注意到:我在描述每一个比例的时候,表示“销售额”的名词都在不断的变换,“sales”, “items sold”, “total revenue”, “turnover”,这正正是雅思写作评分标准中Lexical Resource(词汇多样化)的要求,所以说,除了学习上面的句型外,各位在描述对象时还要注意用同义词、近义词,甚至是反义词变换。

  第二类:有表示时间推移的,题目通常含有不只有一个饼图,通常是一个图表示一个时间节点。对于这种类型的饼状图,其实也是线形图的变种,我们把它转化为线形图,按照时间的先后顺序来写,因为存在时间推移是线形图的首要特征。(关于线形图的具体写作步骤请各位亲移步到上一部分Part 1:线形图)

  来看一个出自《剑桥雅思8》的例题:

  The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spending by a particular UK school in 1981, 1991 and 2001.

  

  

  

  从以上三幅图可以看出,讲的是一个英国学校在三个年份的不同开销,分别是1981年、1991年、2001年,对于这样有时间推移的多个饼图,我们的写法是,首先把图中占比例最大到最小的元素排序,然后内部再按照时间的先后顺序写。

  看下官方给出的满分范文是怎么按照这思路写的:(开头段和结尾段已省去)

  In all three years, the greatest expenditure was on staff salaries.(概括句)But while other workers' salaries saw a fall from 28% in 1981 to only 15% of spending in 2001(第二占比), teachers' pay remained the biggest cost, reaching 50% of total spending in 1991 and ending at 45% in 2001.(最大占比)

  Expenditure on resources such as books had increased to 20% by 1991 before decreasing to only 9% by the end of the period.(第三占比)In contrast, the cost of furniture and equipment(第四占比)saw an opposite trend. This cost decreased to only 5% of total expenditure in 1991 but rose dramatically in 2001 when it represented 23% of the school budget. Similarly, the cost of insurance saw a rising trend, growing from only 2% to 8% by 2001.(最小占比)

  看完上文,里面是不是还是使用线形图里各位很熟悉的“升高”、“下降”的各种表达?

  第三类:没有表示时间推移的,题目中含有不只一个饼图的。这类图都有一个共同的特点:每个饼里的元素都大都是相同的,目的是为了让我们图与图之间横向对比。

  这类题的写法是:图中各元素按照占比从大到小的顺序写,每种元素进行图与图之间对比着写。

  比如下面一个例题:

  The pie charts below show average household expenditure in Hong Kong and Britain in the year 2000.

  

  

  这题目里的两幅图对比了在2000年英国和香港两个地区的家庭开销,可以留意到,图里的元素都是一样的,很明显需要横向对比。我们可以选取英国或香港,按照每个元素从大到小的顺序排列来写。

  如果以香港为基准,那么排序就是Housing>Other goods and services>Food>Transport>Clothing

  如果以英国为基准,那么排序就是Other goods and services>Food>Housing>Transpot>Clothing

  以上面任一线索来写都可以,这样既清晰,又不容易混乱,比如,下面的范文就是以香港为线索来写的:(开头段和结尾段已省去)

  We can see that in Hong Kong the greatest proportion of expenditure was on housing, with exactly 32%(句型一), while in Britain housing accounted for just 18% of the total.(句型二)

  In contrast, in Britain the expense on other goods and services, the greatest cost, was 36%,(句型三)compared with 28% in Hong Kong. Food came in second place in Britain, at 22%, while in Hong Kong the actual proportion was higher (27%). In Britain, there was 17% of money spent on transport in one family(句型五), but this was much lower in Hong Kong (9%). For the expenditure on clothing, in both regions the smallest percentage contributes to this category.(句型六)

  各位看到六大句型的灵活运用了吗,还有注意在描述数据的同时,不要忘了添加表示对比、转折的各种连接词。

  Part 4:表格(Table)

  学习了前面线形图、柱状图、饼状图所用到的各种句型之后,再学怎么描述表格就变得容易多了,下面来介绍表格的写作方法。

  表格的分类和写作方法

  跟柱状图一样,雅思考试里的表格也可以分为两大类,在拿到题目时就要决定是属于哪一类,因为不同的分类,写作的思路会完全不一样。

  第一类:有表示时间推移的,通常是表格里的行或竖表示不同的时间。对于这种类型的表格,其实也是线形图的变种,我们把它转化为线形图,按照时间的先后顺序来写,因为存在时间推移是线形图的首要特征。(关于线形图的具体写作步骤请各位亲移步到上一部分Part 1:线形图)

  比如下面的例子:

  The table below shows how many tourists from five countries visited Australia from 1991-1999.

  

  我们可以看出,表里描述的是在不同年份到澳大利亚旅游的不同国家人数,第一横表示的是不同年份,第一竖表示的是不同国家,对于这种表格,一看到马上开心坏了,这不还是经典的多元素线形图嘛。对于这表格,我们的写法是,首先把表格中的第一竖(表示不同国家的)按人数从大到小排序,然后内部再按照时间的先后顺序写。

  根据这个思路,我们就可以轻松写出文章啦:

  

  The table shows the rise in the number of visitors to Australia from a number of other countries worldwide over the 1990s. Looking at the data on the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, and other countries in Europe, we can see that the number of visitors to Australia from all these countries increased significantly over the decade.(开头段改写原题,以及给出全部国家的基本趋势)

  The largest number of visitors in total came from United Kingdom, which rose from 258 thousand in 1991 to 509 thousand in 1999.(人数最多)Visitors from the United States accounted for the second largest groups of tourists, the number of which increased from 259 thousand to just under 400 thousand over the decade.(人数第二)Furthermore, this period also experienced the biggest increase in the proportion of visitors from other countries in Europe, which climbed from 172 thousand in 1991 to almost 400 thousand in 1999.(人数第三)

  As regards Germany, exactly 75,000 German travelled to Australia in 1991, but the figure almost doubled at the end of the decade, with 140 thousand visiting it.(人数第四)It is interesting to note that there were considerably fewer visitors from Canada than from other places, although the figure rose over the same period from 51,000 to 75,000, with most of the increase occurring in the second half of the decade.(人数最少)

  The table indicates that Australia is increasing in popularity as a tourist destination.

  第二类:不存在任何时间推移的。遇到这类表格,表格里数据之间的共同特征是:没有任何特征!(是不是感觉我在耍你...)

  确实是这样啊!所以要想写得好,我们需要做的是观察、观察、再观察!目的是从无序的数据中找到一些“有趣的”、“不一样的”关系,以便有条理、有规律地描述数据,这样文字看起来才不至于太乱。

  具体的写法是:选取第一横或第一竖的元素作为线索,按照元素从大到小的顺序介绍数据,在有特殊的数量关系时,比如倍数、分数、相等时,要突出作比较。

  听起来这么抽象,我们来看个例题:

  The table below shows the number of Japanese children of school age studying overseas.

  

  从表里可以看出,第一竖表示的是日本小孩去海外上学的四个不同地区,而第一横表示的是每个地区里两个年龄段的小孩上学人数。很明显,如果按照第一竖为线索,也就是以不同国家为分点,这样介绍数据更系统、更有规律一些。

  再看看在四个地区上学孩子的总数,然后把从大到小进行排列,发现顺序是North America>Asia>Europe>Middle East,这就是在主体段的描述顺序了,Get it?

  为了找出其中一些“有规律”的数据(真心累...),我们得再继续观察,发现去亚洲读书6-11岁的孩子(12632人),差不多是12-14岁孩子(3552人)的四倍!开心,因为这样就可以引入倍数的句型来描述这两个数据了,以不至于文章显得死板枯燥。

  同样道理,我们也可以留意到去北美读书6-11岁的孩子(15915人),差不多是12-14岁孩子(4933人)的三倍!根据上面的分析,就可以写出下面的文章:

  

  The table gives the number of Japanese children who are studying overseas by region.(开头段改写原题)

  The chart is divided into three sections, giving the total number of children for each geographic area and also grouping the children by age.(概括句)The largest number of students is based in North America(人数最多); in fact, almost 21,000 children study there, with the number of students in elementary school almost tripling that in lower secondary.(倍数对比)Of the 16,184 students in Asia(人数第二), the vast majority of children (just over twelve and a half thousand) are of elementary school age. Only a fourth of this figure(分数对比)study in lower secondary. The numbers for Europe follow a similar pattern, with 7,864 elementary students and exactly 2,700 secondary students respectively, making a total of 10,564.(人数第三)

  The lowest figures for Japanese students studying abroad are for the Middle East(人数最少). Of slightly fewer than five hundred children, 373 are elementary school age and the remainder (123) go to secondary school.

  以上就是表格题的核心思路了,是不是很简单呢,再重复一遍核心是:细心观察、再观察,找出一些“好玩的”的数据。

  Part 5:流程图(Diagram)

  说到流程图,不少同学可能都会谈虎色变,因为我听过不少宝宝说:“如果这次考到流程图,那我就直接报下场考试好了。”在动辄就2020大洋一场的考试来说,我只想说:

  其实,流程图反而我觉得是最简单、最不容易出错的题目,首先是因为流程图不会涉及到像柱状图、线形图里出现的倍数、横向对比等很容易写错的句型,其次是因为描述顺序的步骤和句型都比较固定,容易模仿。

  流程图,其实就是步骤示意图(flow chart),它的基本特征是图里的各个步骤在时间上存在先后顺序,通常用箭头表示先后顺序,同时逻辑上也紧密相连,一环扣一环。

  一、表示顺序的表达

  因为流程图是核心标志就是各个步骤的顺序,所以我们应该先掌握表示各种顺序的表达,然后用在作文里,下面的每一类只要分别记住三个就够了。

  

  来看一个简单例题,应该怎么运用这些表达来连接句子的:

  Look at the diagram about drying out a mobile phone.

  

  Step 1: The phone must be removed from the water as soon as possible.

  Step 2: The phone should be placed on paper towels.

  Step 3: The case should be removed and the back of the phone taken off.

  Step 4: The phone should be dried with a soft cloth.

  Step 5: The battery and the SIM card should be removed. They should be dried off. (Write this as one sentence.)

  Step 6: A vacuum cleaner can be used to remove remaining water from the inner sections of the phone.

  Step 7: The phone can be placed in a bag of uncooked rice overnight to soak up any remaining water.

  这个图讲的是如何让一部湿的手机变干(PS: 中间步骤居然还可以拆除电池,现在的基本不可拆了好么...)。可以看到,上面总共有七个步骤,这是说明书上列出来的一步一步,没有任何的连接策略,下面我用上表里的标志词把这些句子连成一个段落:

  To begin with, the phone must be removed from the water as soon as possible. Following this, the phone should be placed on paper towels. Subsequently, the case should be removed and the back of the phone taken off. After the phone has been removed from the water, the case should be removed and the back of the phone taken off. After this stage is completed, the phone should be dried with a soft cloth. Once the battery and the SIM card have been removed, they should be dried off. The following step is a vacuum cleaner can be used to remove remaining water from the inner sections of the phone. Finally, the phone can be placed in a bag of uncooked rice overnight to soak up any remaining water.

  看完用上连接词组成的一个段落,是不是觉得瞬间变得“丝质顺滑”了?连接词是对应写作评分标准里Coherence and cohesion(连贯与流畅)里的重要一项,所以各位亲在写作时记得用上各种连接词。

  二、写作步骤

  1. 合并步骤来分段,这点非常简单。比如下面的这个真题:

  The illustrations above show how chocolate is produced.

  

  大家看到,图中总共有10个步骤,而我们在写作时,主体段通常是2-3个,所以就这个图而言,可以按照5/5,或者4/6,6/4这样划分比较合适。

  2. 细心观察图中的每一个步骤,确定每个步骤应该使用什么动词。如果图中没有直接给出,应该自己根据图里的意思、过程等周边信息补充上。在必要时,还可以把图中所给的词进行同义词、近义词转换。

  这是我见过很多的宝宝都忽视的一点!!他们觉得,图中给了什么词就用什么词,而遇到图中缺少解释的步骤,也不会自己“脑补”。

  来看一个真题:

  The diagram below shows how raw materials are used to make plastic products.

  

  这个图讲述了原材料是怎么制成塑料产品的。看着图挺简单的,但是大家有没有留意到,有不少的步骤都缺乏了表示动作的动词,也就是说,我们在写作时要加上!要加上!

  来欣赏官方给出的满分范文:

  The diagram illustrates the various stages in the production of plastic items. Clearly this is a complex process that requires a range of equipment and machinery and, at some stages, skilled workers.(开头段改写原题)

  To begin with, the raw materials have to be transported from the oil refinery to the plant. Once they arrive, they are poured into a large drum and from there they pass into a special oven, which heats the material at high pressure so that long molecules of plastic form.

  The granules are subsequently funnelled into a rectangular moulder with a narrow end. The moulder melts the plastic in order to push(force的同义替换)it out into a mould. When the plastic has hardened in the mould, the items can be removed(release的同义替换)and any waste material discarded.

  Before they can be packaged(名词packing转化), the finished products have to be checked for any problems(quality controller的同义替换), so afterwards they are placed on a belt and observed by an expert. Finally, if they pass the inspection, they can be packed into boxes and taken to a warehouse for storage.

  范文里被“加料”的动词有:

  be transported(被运送到)

  are poured into(被倒入在...)

  pass into(经过)

  heat(加热...)

  form(成型、形成)

  has hardened(变硬)

  看到缺少了步骤的动词,在下划线中被“还原”了没?

  Part 6:地图(Map)

  文章长度已超载,暂无更新。

  各位同学们不要忘记了:小作文在写作评分中占的比例是1/3,而占比2/3的大作文,才是我们备考时关注的重点,大作文几乎决定了写作全卷的好坏!!

  

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“考生必备之雅思写作技巧解析”,希望能帮助到大家,要想了帮助解更多关于雅思考试相关内容,请及时关注智课网

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