雅思写作应该如何有效的去备考呢,其实大多数的考生对这方面都是没有办法下手的,不知道该怎样备考才会更加有效。为了帮助大家更好的备考雅思写作,小编特意为大家准备了雅思写作必备知识点的相关内容,希望对大家的备考有所帮助!

  task response 切题

  · addressesallparts of the task

  · presentsa clear position throughoutthereponse

  · presents, extend and supports main ideas, but there may be atendency to over-generalise and/or supporting ideas may lack focus.

  用中文最简单的理解是:首尾都要回答问题,允许泛泛而谈。

  这就是说,其实没必要花太多的精力去考虑观点是否绝对严谨是否意义深刻,关键是要告诉考官你的思考逻辑。这就是剑桥雅思的魅力,它要考你的不是你的思维能力,而是你的语言表达能力。哪怕再ridiculous的观点,只要你能用最恰当的语言去表达,你也可以同样得7分(当然,如果你的目标是8分,你就当我说废话吧)。

  还有就是说,很多题目本身包含很广泛的概念,很多大学教授用十几万字都解释不清的关系,怎么就能让我们这些门外汉用三言两语就解释好呢。毕竟我们都是正常人,我们都有自己的思考能力和理解能力,我们说的每一个观点都是make sense,不make sense的是我们没把那个观点说清楚。

  Bcoherence and cohesion 连贯性

  · logically organisesinformation and ideas, there is clearprogression throughout

  · lisesa range of cohesive devicesappropriatelyalthough there may be some under-or over use

  · presentsa clear topicwithin each paragragh

  用中文最简单的意思是:分段分点,每点之前必须有连接词。

  考官最为推介的范式(以argumentation的题目为例,因为report类的文章更死板了):开头段+主体段(让步一段,支持/反对两段)+结尾段。其实说白了,就是我们最熟悉不过的模版。也就是说,模版是非常有用的,之所以变成没用是因为用模板的那个人没有用。

  Clexcial resource 词汇

  · usesa sufficient rangeof vocabulary toallow some flexibility and precision

  · usesless common lexical itemswith someawareness of style and collocation

  · mayproduce occasional errosin wordchoice, spelling and/or word formation

  用中文最简单的意思是:足够就好,不需要多;一两个大词就够,不需要滥。

  一说到单词,相信我们并不陌生,甚至认为学英语就是背单词,写作就是单词的选美与堆砌。尽管我们都知道这是不对的,但是依旧默默地坚持着,比如说背诵一大堆除了莎士比亚见过之外其他人都没见过的大词。这样的复习会很累,而且会逐渐把雅思写作从逻辑表述变成词汇大杂烩。

  经过我写了大概30篇雅思作文,我觉得我们需要的词汇其实真的不多我想说的是,记单词最好的方法是,把单词放到句型或者例句上面来,然后句型或者例句一定要与雅思写作topic相关。如果不相关,证明那个词就算记住了,也不会用。

  Dgrammaticalrange and accuracy 语法

  · uses a variety of complex structures

  · producesfrequent error-free sentences

  · hasgood control of grammar and punctuation but may make a few mistake

  用中文最简单的意思是:句子结构多样性和允许语法错误的存在。

  对于句子结构多样性,这一点,我们中国学生肯定没问题的,什么定语从句,什么名词性从句,什么状语从句,倒装句,虚拟语态,被动语态等,我们只会过犹不及。从我的个人经验来看,我有时候会把定语从句和同位语从句搞乱(并不是我们不知道有什么不同,而是一紧张就很容易忽视了)。

  说到语法错误,可以说,我们中国学生最最最常犯的语法错误都是非常低级的。

  写作同义词转换表

  附上常用的同义词转换表,多看看多用用,写作的时候就再也不会翻来覆去的一直用那么几个词了。

  中性动词

  1.导致:v.cause, bring about, give rise to, lead to, generate, create, Be a contributingfactor to

  2.认为:v.point out, argue, claim, assert, think, consider

  3.强调:v.emphasize, bring/call attention to, accentuate, heighten, strengthen

  4.集中:v.focus on, concentrate on

  5.解决:v.combat, address, tackle, resolve, solve

  6.从事:v.carry out, conduct, perform

  7.承认:v.concede, admit, acknowledge, accept, allow, grant

  正向动词

  1.支持:v.support, advocate, agree with

  2.增加:v.increase, grow, rise, enlarge

  n. increase, growth, rise,enlargement

  3.改善:v.improve, enhance, upgrade, boost

  n. improvement, enhancement, boom

  4.扩张:v.expand, enlarge, extend, widen, broaden

  n. expansion, enlargement,extension

  5.提高:v.augment, increase, develop, intensify

  n. augment, increase, development

  6.发展:v.develop, advance, grow, evolve, flourish

  n. development, advancement,growth, flourishing

  7.产生:v.develop, come into being/existence, come about

  8.获得:v.acquire, gain, get, obtain, attain

  9.执行:v.implement, execute, put into effect, perform

  n. implementation, performance

  10.实现:v.achieve, fulfill, gain, accomplish, attain

  n. achievement, accomplishment, attainment

  11.开始:v.commence, begin, start

  n. commencement, beginning,start

  12. 促进:v.promote, further, advance, encourage, stimulate, foster

  n. promotion, advancement

  13.鼓励:v.stimulate, encourage, act as stimulus, motivate

  n. encouragement, incentive, motivation

  14.唤起:v.arouse, cause, induce, prompt, trigger, spark off

  15.需要:v.call for, demand, require

  16. 取代:v.replace, take the place of, substitute for

  n. replacement, substitutionfor, in place of

  17. 加快:v.accelerate, speed up, quicken

  n. Acceleration, speeding up

  18. 减轻:v.abate, lessen, reduce, alleviate, mitigate

  n. abatement, lessening,alleviation, mitigation

  19. 保护:v.protect, preserve, conserve

  n. protection, preservation,conservation

  20.保卫:v.safeguard, defend, shield

  n. safeguard, defence, shelter

  21. 建立:v.establish, set up, found, construct

  n. establishment, foundation,construction

  22. 遵守(规则,法律):abideby, comply with, follow, respect, act in accordance with

  23. 允许:v.allow, permit, give the means to, facilitate

  负向动词

  1.反对:v.object, raise objections, oppose

  2.减少:v.decrease, lower, reduce, cut down

  n. decrease, reduction, drop,decline

  3. 耗尽:v.deplete, exhaust, use up

  n. depletion, exhaustion, usingup,

  4. 阻碍:v.hamper, hinder, obstruct, impede, inhibit

  n. hindrance, obstruction,obstacle, impediment

  5.限制:v.limit, curb, restrict, place a limit on

  n. limit, restriction

  6. 危及:v.endanger, imperil, jeopardize, put at risk

  7. 衰败:v.deteriorate, degrade, degenerate, rot

  n. deterioration, degeneration

  8. 恶化:v.exacerbate, aggravate, worsen, inflame

  n. exacerbation, aggravation, worsening

  9. 加剧:v.intensify, escalate, sharpen, aggravate

  n. escalation, intensification,aggravation

  10.破坏:v.damage, destroy, ruin, devastate

  n. damage, destruction, ruin,devastation

  adj. devastating, destructive

  11. 污染:v.pollute, contaminate

  n. pollution, contamination

  12. 败坏:v.pervert, corrupt, deprave, lead astray, debase

  13.扭曲:v.distort, pervert, misrepresent, falsify, misstate, misreport

  14.削弱:v.weaken, undermine, impair, invalidate

  15. 干涉:v.interfere in/with, intervene in, impinge on/upon(侵犯)

  n.interference/intervention/involvement in/with

  16. 侵犯:v.encroach on/upon (time/rights/personal life)

  n. encroachment on/upon =impinging on/upon

  17. 与···相违背/相矛盾:runcounter to = run contrary to

  Contradict (each other)= conflict with =be at odds with sth

  18.误解:v.misunderstand, misapprehend, misinterpret

  n. misunderstanding,misapprehension, misinterpretation

  19. 逃避:v.escape, break out, evade, elude

  20.遭受:v.suffer from, be stricken with, be afflicted with

  21.违反:v.violate, disobey, transgress, infringe

  n. violation, infringement,contravention, breach

  22. 忽视:v.lose sight of, ignore, neglect

  23.疏远:v.alienate, isolate, become/get estranged from

  n. alienation, isolation,estrangement

  其他重要的同义词替换

  1.大量的:enormous,massive, tremendous, considerable

  2.重要的:significant,substantial, crucial, important

  3.严重的:adj.severe, serious, acute, drastic

  adv. severely, seriously,acutely, drastically

  4. 有害的:adj.hazardous, dangerous, harmful

  5. 贫穷的:adj.poor, poverty-stricken, destitute, impoverished

  6. 富有的:adj.rich, wealthy, affluent

  7. 差距:n.gap, disparity, divergence

  8. 积极的:beneficial,advantageous

  9.消极的:baneful,detrimental

  10. 明显的:manifest,obvious, evident, apparent

  11. 影响:impact,repercussion, effect, ramification

  12. 人类:thehuman race, human being, humankind, humanity

  13. 当代:incurrent society, in this day and age, in present-day society, in contemporarysociety

  14. 传统的:traditional,conventional, old-fashioned

  15. 健康的:healthy,vigorous, robust

  16. 有营养的:nutritious,nourishing, wholesome, healthy

  常用正向形容词

  Adequate/ basic/broad/ general/ sufficient 充分的/基本的/宽泛的/大概的/足够的

  Penetrating/profound/ revealing/ remarkable/ proper/ thorough

  入木三分的/ 深刻的/ 发人心省的/ 出色的/ 正确的/ 彻底的

  Original/ unique/fresh/ rare/ clear/ fascinating/ interesting

  独到的/ 独特的/ 新鲜的/ 少有的/ 清楚的/ 生动的/ 有趣的

  Significant/substantial/ considerable

  常用的负向形容词

  Unethical/ immoral/unscrupulous/ unprincipled 不道德的

  Antisocial/unacceptable/ undesirable 反社会的/不能接受的/令人不快的

  Aggressive/ criminal/disruptive/ violent 挑衅的/犯罪的/扰乱的/暴力的

  Notorious/ appalling/vicious/ bloody 臭名昭著的/令人震惊的/令人发指的/血腥的

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“雅思写作7分必备知识点”,希望能帮助到大家,要想了帮助解更多关于雅思考试相关内容,请及时关注智课网

展开显示全文