雅思听力考试中题型比较多,其中选择题的多选题对考生来说有很大的难度。接下来小编为大家结合实际的例子来讲解多选题的解题思路。希望帮助大家更加熟悉多选题这类题型,一起来学习一下雅思听力多选题解题方法吧!

  一、同义替换

  同义替换是英语听力单选题的关键考试点,多选题毫无疑问都不列外,同义词交换给学生导致的疑虑点也显而易见,要是没有听得懂原文的含意,那麼没办法将原文相对內容与选项內容相匹配上,也就立即造成 回答选不对乃至立即觉得回答都没在英语听力原文里出現过.多选题和单项选择题很像,同义替换的部位不但会在选项上,一样也会在题目里边,并且同义替换的方法变化多端.

  例如,剑桥4 Test2 Section3的第25, 26两题:

  What TWO disadvantages of the questionnaire form of data collection do the students discuss?

  A. the data is sometimes invalid

  B. Too few people may respond

  C. It is less likely to reveal the unexpected

  D. In can only be used with literate populations

  E. There is a delay between the distribution and return of questionnaire

  原文:

  ROSA: No, I’m sure it talked drawbacks as well, didn’t it? Something about the response rate and the problems you get if it’s too low. (B)

  MICK: Yeah, but we only need data from five subjects anyway.

  ROSA: I suppose so. Another drawback I remember it mentioned was that questionnaire data tends not to reveal anything unexpected (C), because it is……

  大家不会太难发觉,难题之中的disadvantage这个词,换为了drawback, 也有选项B中的few换成了too low.这种同义替换全是最基础的同义词、近义词间的交换.

  并且这种同义替换全是普遍的,反复出現的,因此难度系数并不大.针对那样的题型换句话说那样的同义替换,学生们毫无疑问要在平常多累积普遍的同义替换的英语单词、短语,多去拓宽某一个英语单词的同义词、近义词.就拿上边哪个事例之中disadvantage 和drawback的同义替换而言,在剑桥3、剑桥7、剑桥9之中出現了最少4次.

  自然也是有同义替换难度系数较为大的,例如:剑桥6 Test1 Section4的第38, 39, 40三题:

  Which THREE of the following problems are mentioned in the connection with 20th century housing in the East End?

  A. Unsympathetic landlords

  B. Unclean water

  C. Heating problems

  D. High rents

  E. Over crowing

  F. Poor standards of building

  G. Houses catching fire

  回答C, E, F在原文中相匹配的內容为:

  Houses were crowded closely together and usually very badly built. (F)

  Few houses had electricity at this time, so other sources of power were used, like coal for the fires which heated perhaps just one room. (C)

  A tiny, damp, unhealthy house like this might well be occupied by two full families, possibly including several children, grandparents, aunts and uncles. (E)

  那样的同义替换是一种归纳小结型的同义替换,那样的更换方法没有办法死记硬背,由于每一次更换的內容都能够不一样,不象同义词近义词的对等更换,归纳小结型的同义替换是一种依附特性的更换,选项在含意上把原文內容含意高宽比归纳,进而做到一种相匹配,那样的更换不但规定学生听得懂原文之中语句的含意,并且也要有同义词交换的积极观念,换句话说要可以在听得懂含意的基本上积极的去思索听得懂的信息内容是不是与某一选项配对.不然,许多学生便会听得懂原文含意,但沒有反映回来听懂的意思能够和哪家选项相匹配.

  二、干扰

  干扰实际上不但在多选题之中有,单项选择题、填空都是有干扰.在多选题中,干扰大多数是选项內容与英语听力原文中的內容一部分乃至完全一致,但从合乎文题的视角,该选项不可以做为恰当选项.简易想来便是听见但不可以选.同义替换早已没办法了,为何也要设计方案干扰做为此外一个难题?由于有时同义替换的难度系数不足爽爆,另配上干扰,那样针对剑桥而言就极致了!干扰的状况在多选题之中较为非常容易分辨,能够大概分成全部选项干扰、一部分选项干扰及其难题标准干扰.

  最先以剑桥5 Test1 Section1的第五, 6两名为例:

  Which TWO things are included in the price of the tour?

  A. Fishing trip

  B. Guided bushwalk

  C. Reptile park entry

  D. Table tennis

  E. Tennis

  这题便是上边说的全部选项干扰的一题,依据英语听力原文:

  You guide will take anyone who is interested either on a bushwalk through the national park near the hotel, and there’s no extra charge for that, or on a fishing trip. That’s an extra $12 I think. And there is also a reptile park in town-that costs more or less the same. And if you just want to relax, you are free to sit by the hotel pool or go down the beach. Oh, they also have tennis courts at the hotel, but you have to pay for those by the hour. But there are table tennis tables downstairs, and they are part of the accommodation package……

  A-E全部五个选项在英语听力原文之中都出現了,要是没有听得懂含意,而仅仅听英语单词,这题难度系数就挺大了,因此一定要关心合乎题型“are included in the price of the tour”规定的选项.这类全部选项干扰的状况能够在立意的情况下就预测出去,一般选项內容简易且不太非常容易做同义替换的情况下,非常容易出現全部选项都会英语听力中再现的状况,假如学生们能在立意时发觉这一点,进而提示自身一定不可以再听见什么就选哪些,一定要关心合乎难题內容的信息内容,那样做对的概率会大大增加.

  特别注意的是,在选项所有在英语听力原文中再现的这类多选题中,并不是同义替换就不会有了,仅仅没有选项到了,同义替换的部位很有可能会在题目之中,以上题,“are included in the price of the tour”就被换成了2种叫法“no extra charge”和“part of the accommodation package”,且后一种同义替换的难度系数十分大,许多涮羊肉也没有反映回来它是酒店住宿装包花费的一部分的含意,也就是花费已包含的意思.

  实际上,假如全部选项都会英语听力中再现,还能够用枚举法去去除不正确选项,剩余的便是恰当选项了,换句话说即使不清楚“part of the accommodationpackage”的含意选出不来E来,也应当了解D. table tennis是必须pay by the hour的,也就是和“are included in the price of the tour”含意反过来,A,C选项还可以用一样的方法去除.

  再以不久提及的剑桥大学6 Test1 Section4的第38, 39, 40三名为例:

  实际上这题的难度系数远远不止恰当选项C, E, F的同义替换,如果我们看一下全部选项及其题型有关的全部英语听力内容就不会太难发觉,实际上这题也是有干扰,这类状况便是上边说的一部分选项干扰,即并不一定选项都出現,仅仅在其中好多个选项出現,而且有的具备干扰作用:

  A. Unsympathetic landlords

  B. Unclean water

  C. Heating problems

  D. High rents

  E. Over crowing

  F. Poor standards of building

  G. Houses catching fire

  A-G 7个选项相匹配的全部英语听力原文内容为:

  Houses were crowded closely together and usually very badly built, because there was no regulation. But the poor and needy were attracted by the possibility of work, and they had to be housed. It was the availability, rather than the condition, of the housing that was the major concern for tenants and landlords alike. Few houses had electricity at this time, so other sources of power were used, like coal for the fires which heated perhaps just one room. Of course, the smoke from these contributed a great deal to the air pollution for which London used to be famous. A tiny, damp, unhealthy house like this might well be occupied by two full families, possibly including several children, grandparents, aunts and uncles.

  不会太难发觉,原文中有landlords一词,这个词也出現在了A选项中,组成了干扰,特别是在针对沒有听太清晰这一语句含意的学生,将会会想选A, 终究有一个原文中出現的英语单词,实际上在选项字比较多较为非常容易做同义替换的多选题之中,当有选项内容或是一部分内容原文再现的情况下,那样的选项不但不可以马上觉得恰当,并且也要深思熟虑是不是会是干扰;“the smoke from these contributed……”,许多同学们也会由于这一一部分而挑选G, 由于前边说在房屋里燃煤供暖,这儿又说起烟,联络起來自身想象一下觉得可能是说房屋非常容易因为燃煤供暖而起火起烟,因而这儿的G也是一个干扰,且这一干扰针对水准稍好,能听得懂一部分内容而不是所有内容的同学们而言特别是在具备欺骗性,由于这一选项沒有以前的干扰方法那麼简单直接的就将原文再现,只是疑是干了一下同义替换,它是较为难的一种干扰选项的出現方法,即依据原文内容干了一部分的含意同义替换,但全部选项含意還是和原文不符合的,那样的干扰选项的清除就必须学生听得懂不止是某好多个词,只是整句.

  最终以剑桥大学6 Test4 Section3的第28, 29, 30名为例:

  这道多选题除开不久说的这些干扰和同义替换状况以外,也有此外一种干扰存有,这类干扰并不是单纯性运用选项和英语听力原文的相似度开展干扰,这类干扰还和难题相关,也就是上边常说的难题标准干扰:

  Which THREE topics do this term’s study skill workshop cover?

  大家只看在其中的选项A. An introduction to the Internet相匹配的英语听力原文的内容“the one for internet beginners was last term”和题型规定的this term反过来,此外的一部分与A选项的含意彻底一样,便是时间限制让A选项变成不正确项、干扰项.并且,根据小结发觉,难题之中最常当做干扰内容的便是时间限制标准,且那样的干扰也会出現在单选题之中.因而,之后在难题之中见到表示时间限定的内容要加多当心,原文中将会也有另一个时间限制.

  三、题型长短

  自然,剑桥大学6 Test4 Section3的第28, 29, 30题将会不止是同义词交换和干扰是难题,这一多选题难还由于题型的长短:

  Which THREE topics do this term’s study skill workshop cover?

  A. An introduction to the Internet

  B. How to carry out research for a dissertation

  C. Making good use of the whole range of library services

  D. Planning a dissertation

  E. Standard requirements when writing a dissertation

  F. Using the Internet when doing research

  G. What books and technical resources are available in the library

  念完难题和七个选项的時间只能类似10秒左右,这一時间显而易见不足,即使能够在要求時间内念完选项,在刷题的情况下,那么多文本内容在边听边要作出挑选的情况下也是一种极大的挑戰.因此在做多选题的情况下,假如能给选项归类,那么就能够大大的减少边听边找选项的工作压力,把必须看的选项变小到一定范畴.不会太难发觉,上题的七个选项能够分3类,一类里边有internet的A, F;一类是有dissertation的B, D, E;一类是有library的C, G, 这样一来,当英语听力中提及例如internet的情况下,大家就无需每一个选项都去看看是不是合乎,只必须去看看A, F, 那样大大的减少了刷题难度系数.

  总而言之,从刷题次序视角来讲,多选题的答题防范措施能够简易归纳成:看归类,看干扰点,听同义替换.把握这3点,多选题一下子褪掉了繁杂的外套,露出实质,更易评分.

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思听力多选题解题方法”的全部内容,希望为大家带来一些帮助,考生如果遇到什么问题,可以咨询我们的老师,将为您提供专业的解答。


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