Some people think that a person improves their intellectual skills more when doing group activities. To what extent do you agree? Use specific details and examples to explain your view.
In recent decades, many researchers have studied the importance of group-level cognition. Indeed, to my mind, there is now convincing evidence that group activities improve the intelligence of individuals. In this essay, I shall examine how research in team-games and study-groups supports this view.
To begin with, team-games clearly require individuals to perform a diverse range of rapid mental calculations. This is because, in a sporting context, players must predict and anticipate possible actions within tight time constraints. For example, a recent Cambridge study showed that soccer players can – within the span of seconds – calculate over a dozen different permutations that could result from a single soccer related action. Such predictive powers clearly improve players’ mental abilities and result from activities performed in a group context.
Secondly, study-groups enable individuals to obtain information that they could not acquire in isolation. This is because peer feedback allows individuals to refine their understanding of concepts and to also learn new information from other members in the study-group. For example, a study by The British Institute for Learning found that, if individuals participated in study-groups, they had a far more objective and sophisticated understanding of a topic than learners who were not part of study-groups. Therefore, it is certainly the case that learning in a group improves an individual’s mental abilities.
In conclusion, I strongly agree with the notion that group activities improve intellectual abilities. In the future, we will certainly see schools take greater measures to ensure that more group-level cognition occurs in the classroom.
n.研究员，调查者( researcher的名词复数 );
Several notable researchers are studying the effects of hyperventilation.
Researchers need a growing supply of corpses for dissection.
This vast archive has been indexed and made accessible to researchers.
n.[口语]人(常指有趣或有点特别的人)( individual的名词复数 ); 与众不同的人; 某种类型的人;
He conjectured that some individuals may be able to detect major calamities.
The media seems obsessed with hyping up individuals or groups.
There's a great deal of variability between individuals.
n.反馈; 反应; 反馈噪音;
I'd appreciate some feedback on my work.
It would monitor traffic flows and provide feedback to motorists.
The process is essentially dynamic with ideas and feedback flowing both ways.
adj.智力的; 有才智的; 需用智力的; 智力发达的;
n.知识分子; 脑力劳动者; 有极高智力的人; 凭理智(而非感情)办事的人;
Some Americans see Oxford as an intellectual Disneyland.
He regarded them as intellectual pygmies.
She was an intellectual snob.