首先，隐蔽是指涉及传统的考题往往用其它话题来隐藏自己，或者换句话说，很多其它话题中会隐含有传统的意味。举例来说，关于history、culture、arts，甚至关于wedding、handicraft、food的话题中，都有可能藏有“modern vs. traditional”的对立。随着全球化浪潮的风起云涌，许多传统文化、传统思想以及传统习俗都被抛诸脑后甚至烟消云散。现代的观念、价值以及伦理规范取而代之，形成了一次又一次的碰撞和对抗，孰是孰非，就要看你如何在“传统”话题上的把握了。
Do you often celebrate festivals in your culture/country?
Answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’ and then give a few brief details of the main festivals, including its meanings and dates.
How do people celebrate them?
special clothes worn at this time ( if any )
【回答】: Yes, we do. We have many special celebrations(庆祝)in our country throughout the year. The Spring Festival(春节), the Mid-Autumn Festival(中秋节), and the Dragon Boat Festival(端午节) are among the most important ones. But even with the same festival, there are some different celebrating activities involved in different parts of China.
What special things do people do during festivals?
注意：问题的关键是special，所以不能仅仅把人们常做的一些事情如“meet their friends”以及“talk with members of family”视为节日期间的特殊活动。
What’s the meaning behind these special things and how do people feel about them?
【素材库】: special things people do during festivals and its meanings:
having a big meal on New Year's Eve
setting off firecrackers
putting on one's best outfits
receiving a red envelope with lucky money in it from elders
making and eating dumplings
watching the Spring Festival Gala on CCTV
eating moon cakes and pears while appreciating the bright full moon
sitting around for the fascinating legend about ‘Change' Fly to the Moon
Dragon Boat Festival(端午节)
showing respect to Qu Yuan, the famous Chinese ancient scholar
holding the Dragon Boats racing competition, demonstrating cooperation and teamwork
making and eating of a kind of dumpling called Zongzi
Double Ninth Festival(重阳节)
showing care and respect for the elderly
getting together and climbing a high mountain and recite poems and articles
Pure Brightness Festival (清明节)(又叫做 Tomb Sweeping Festival)
presenting/placing fresh flowers
offering meats, vegetables, rice wine, and often arranging a complete dinner to place in front of the tombs
offering paper money and other symbols of wealth to the dead
bowing to express their respect and their regards
1. What public holidays do you have in your country?
We’ve got loads of them, for example, the one that’s just passed was the National Day holiday, and then we’ve got the Spring Festival of course - that’s probably the most important one - which is at the beginning of the year, sometime around, like, late January, beginning of February, that kind of time. And uh, what else do we have? Uh…oh yeah, the Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, and um… there are a few others as well but I can’t remember them all off-hand I’m afraid!
2. Do people in your country celebrate Christmas?
Um…it’s kind of hard to generalize, but I would say, to an extent, yeah. I mean, by and large, it’s the younger generation that tend to celebrate Christmas, but they don’t celebrate it in the way Westerners would. You know, in the West, people go to church, open presents, um…whereas over here, it’s kind of like, just, “let’s get together for a party, go to KTV…” that sort of thing. So it is celebrated, but just in a slightly different way.At least that’s my understanding anyway!
3. Do you like public holidays?
Yeah I do. You know, it gives me the opportunity to be together with my family for a bit, take some time off, so yeah, I always tend to look forward to them.
4. Which public holidays do you like the most?
That’s a good question……. I guess I would have to say The Spring Festival, which I’m sure is most people’s favourite, the main reason being that it’s by far the most important festival in our culture. And so everything feels just a bit different during that time. You know, everyone seems happier, the streets are livelier, and it’s basically just like one long party which stretches on for a week or two. And, it’s also probably the only time of year you can eat and drink to your heart’s content without feeling guilty about it!
5. What do other people in your country usually do on public holidays?
I can’t speak for everyone, but I guess most people either stay at home or go travelling. And if you’ve ever stayed in China during a public holiday, you’ll have seen for yourself the hordes of people that flockto all the tourist spots, right across the country.
6. What would you like to do during the next public holiday?
Umm…I haven’t really given it much thought actually! But seeing as I went travelling during the last one, I’ll probably just take it easy and spend the time chilling out at home. Something like that!
7. Do you think public holidays are important?
Yeah, I think they really are, cos I mean, here in China, the public holidays are always on a certain festival, so it’s one way of helping maintain all the various customs and traditions we have. Just to give you an example, if you took away the Dragon Boat Festival holiday, it probably wouldn’t get the attention it deserved, and over time, people might simply stop bothering with all the customs that are associated with the festival, like dragon-boat racing. So yeah, I think it’s pretty important that we continue to have them.
8. Do you think there should be more public holidays in your country?
No, not really, if I’m gonna be honest with you. I mean, I think we have enough as it is. Almost every month there seems to be a public holiday of some sort, and you know, I think that’s more or less enough. There’s no need to go over the top with them , otherwise, ……. , I guess it would break up the momentum of our daily lives, if that makes sense!
Describe a traditional festival.
You should say:
what it is
when it is celebrated
how it is celebrated
and explain how you feel about this traditional festival.
We have many traditional festivals in China, the most famous one being Spring Fes-tival, or Chinese New Year. But I’d like to talk about a festival that occurs every year around September or early October, called Zhong Qiu Jie, or Mid-Autumn Day. It is perhaps lesser-known outside of China, but it is personally one of my favourite fes-tivals and one that I look forward to every year.
As the name suggests, Mid-Autumn Day should take place around the middle of au-tumn. The reason the date changes is because it should be the fifteenth day of the eighth month in the Chinese lunar calendar, and this changes in the Western calen-dar depending on the year.
The reason it is one of my favourite festivals is because we eat moon cakes! As well as being delicious, moon cakes have a special meaning. They are round, which is a symbol of family and togetherness. They usually have a sweet filling, which represents a sweet and happy life. Moon cakes are generally only around at this time of year, so it’s important to make the most of them while you can.
As you can tell, I’m a big fan of Mid-Autumn Day. It makes me feel warm, thinking about my family, and a little nostalgic as I remember all the years I have eaten moon cakes. I think it’s very important to keep these traditional festivals going as they rein-force Chinese culture and remind us to think about our families at a time when more and more people may live a long way from home.