Many museums charge for admission while others are free.

  Do you think the advantages of charging people for admission to museums outweigh the disadvantages?

  Sample Answer :

  Lots of museums charge a fee whileothers do not.This essay thinks that the benefits of charging do not outweigh the drawbacks because open access to relics and art is more important than generating money that the government should supply in any event.

  The main disadvantage is that high fees exclude a large proportion of the population,especially in less developed countries. Many people in poorer countries have just enough money for food and shelter.Exhibits are one of the few cultural activities they can enjoy free of charge. For example,Egypt has millions of people living in poverty, but also a rich and ancient culture and it is therefore important that everyone gets to experience these artifacts. Another big negative is that students and children who are learning about the world may not be able to visit. It would be a huge shame if art students could not see their favorite painters or sculptor's work in real life because their finances could not cover the cost.

  Despite this,there are some who say that museums are unsustainable without the money they might get from ticket sales.They say that this allows the building to remain open and it is better that some people get to experience it,rather than none at all. To thisI would say that the government should step in and cover the cost because culture is as important as anything else it spends money on. For instance,in the UK,there have been huge government spending cuts over the last few years,but the museums have not had the funding reduced because of their importance to the country's cultural heritage.

  Inconclusion,although some might say that places of culture should be run Iike a business,the cost to the education and heritage of the country is too great and they should remain free to all.






  1.In order to


  E. g.:In order tounderstand X, we need first to understand Y.

  2.In other words


  E. g.:Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.

  3.To put it another way

  用法:这个短语和in other words的意思相同,可以被用于解释特别复杂的观点,从而使读者更好地理解问题的重要性。

  E.g.:Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.

  4.That is to say

  用法:“That is” and “that is to say” 都可以用来为自己的解释补充更多细节,从而使信息而更加准确。

  F. g.:Whales are mammals. That is to say,they must breathe air.

  5.To that end

  用法:“to that end” 和“to this end”是“in order to” 和“so”的同义替换表达。

  E.g.:Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other.To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.





  E.g.:Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…



  E.g.: Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…

  8.What’s more

  用法:和 “moreover” and “furthermore”用法相同可替换。

  E.g.: What’s more,this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.



  E.g.: Scholar A believes X.Likewise,Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.


  用法:和 “likewise”用法相同。

  E.g.: Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly,we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.

  11.Another key thing to remember

  用法:another key point to remember” 和 “another key fact to remember” 可以替换also,来介绍更多额外的事实。

  E.g.: As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to rememberis that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.

  12.As well as

  用法:as well as来代替also” 和 “and”。

  E.g.: Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well asY.

  13.Not only… but also


  E.g.: Not onlydid Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest,but he was alsoappointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

  14.Coupled with


  E.g.: Coupled withthe literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…

  15.Firstly, secondly, thirdly…


  E.g.: There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly,Y. And thirdly,Z.

  16.Not to mention/to say nothing of


  E.g.: The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mentionits impact on the country’s economy.


  在组织论点时,我们经常需要表达对比、相反的观点或论据,比如"it could show this, but it could also show this" 或 “X says this, but Y disagrees”.




  E.g.:Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.

  18.On the other hand


  E.g.: The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.

  19.Having said that

  用法:同on the other hand 和“but”用法相同。

  E.g.: The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.

  20.By contrast/in comparison

  用法:by contrast” or “in comparison” 用来比较相反的论据。

  E.g.: Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.

  21.Then again

  用法:Use this to cast doubt on an assertion.


  E.g.: Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.

  22.That said

  用法:同“then again”.用法相同。

  E.g.: The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said,much of the evidence is unreliable at best.



  E.g.: Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.



  24.Despite this

  用法:“despite this” 和 “in spite of this用来表达尽管论据上存在不足,但你会列出一个站得住脚的观点来支持。

  E.g.: The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.

  25.With this in mind


  E.g.: We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind,let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.”

  26.Provided that

  用法:和on condition that”意思相同,也可以用 providing that” 和“providing” 来替换。

  E.g.: We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided thatwe bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.”

  27.In view of/in light of


  E.g.:In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…


  用法:和 “despite this”用法相同。

  E.g.:The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.



  E.g.:The study was flawed, but it was importantnevertheless.



  E.g.: Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.


  一篇好的作文需要用具体的例子来支撑观点,但如果每次都用for example,就体现不出来你的多样表达能力,考官也会审美疲劳。所以我们来学习其他替换表达。

  31.For instance

  E.g.: Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…

  32.To give an illustration

  E.g.: To give an illustration ofwhat I mean, let’s look at the case of…





  E.g.: Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.


  用法:和significantly” 意思相同,也可以和in particular”进行替换。

  E.g.: Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.



  E.g.:Importantly,Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.



  36.In conclusion


  E.g.:In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.

  37.Above all


  E.g.:Above all,it seems pertinent to remember that…



  E.g.:Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.


  用法:和“persuasive” 用法相同。

  E.g.:The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.

  40.All things considered

  用法:和taking everything into account意思相同。

  E.g.: All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…