在雅思阅读考试中,一共包括三篇文章,文章的篇幅都比较长,需要在规定的时间里理解所有的内容,对于考生来说有一定难度。我们可以从这些文章中出现的关键词去理解上下段以及句子的意思,那么雅思阅读的一些重要的信号词在哪里怎么找?接下来小编给大家介绍一下,希望能帮助大家进行掌握。

  普通信号词

  该类信号词共包括8类,即表顺接和递进、表对比和转折、表相似、表排列次序、表强调作用、表最高级、比较级,表因果关系,表举例子和说明。

  表顺接和递进:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

  表对比和转折:however, but, by comparison, nonetheless, nevertheless…

  表相似:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way, as …

  表排列次序:first, second, finally, eventually, later, then, next…

  表最高级、比较级:more, most, -est, best, better,exclusively, extremely, superior, preferable…

  表因果关系:reason, cause, since, in that, as, because, thanks to, owing to…

  表举例和说明:for example, for instance, that is to say, such as, include, 破折号…

  特殊信号词

  雅思阅读中的特殊的信号词,就是那些很容易识别的词。如大写字母开头的人名,地名,专有名词,以及特殊印刷体和黑体等,这些词在英语文章中显得尤为突出,往往也是题干中关键词的原词定位。

  EXAMPLE

  the US Congress voted NASA $10 million per year for ten years to conduct a thorough search for the extra-terrestrial life.

  这句话出现了US Congress, NASA 专有名词信号词,极有可能成为定位的讯息。

  一、表达客观结论

  例词:

  indicate that, point out, report that, demonstrate that…,suggest that, find out, conclude that,…

  考点:

  But Byers points out that the benefits of increased exercise disappear rapidly after training stops, so any improvement in endurance resulting from juvenile play would be lost by adulthood。

  解析:文章中定位人名就比较好找到答案。表达客观结论的信号词与人名同时出现时,就是考点出没的地方。

  二、特殊符号

  考点:

  In very significant cases of role change, e.g. from a soldier in the ranks to officer, from bachelor to married man, the change of role has to have a very obvious sign, hencerituals.

  解析:文中斜体的部分其实就是考察的考点,这里只要能判断,需要填写的单词是斜体部分,照抄过来就可以轻松拿分。

  三、表达主观观点

  例词:say, believe, argue that, maintain that, claim…

  考点:

  The UCSF researchers maintain that the simplest and most cost-effective action is to establish smoke-free work places, schools and public places.

  解析:这道分类题考察区分a finding和an opinion。表达个人观点(an opinion)带有一定的主观性,所用的信号词显然与客观事实发现(a finding)的有所区别。

  信号词的特点

  信号词具有代表性,指的是能够体现信号词所在句子的主要意思;

  信号词是一类出现频率不高的词,因为信号词可以很大程度上帮助考生缩小阅读范围,快而准定位答案并解题;

  当高频词被限定或者修饰之后,也可以作为信号词使用。也就是说当某些词原本是高频词,但是经过修饰或限定进而在原来内容上进行补充后,那么该词就变成了一个信号词。

  以上是小编为大家介绍的“雅思阅读的信号词有哪些?怎么找”,希望各位考生通过有效的练习熟悉考试题型,并且掌握题型的解题方法,有效的运用找信号词的方法进行解题。


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