在雅思写作备考中,考生可以多做一些真题,因为真题对于考生来说非常有代表性。今天小编为大家准备的是雅思大作文真题回忆及分析,希望通过详细的分析,能帮助到各位考生学会考题的解题思路,积累相关的素材。

  Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end world poverty and hunger. However, others say that economic growth is damaging the environment and should be stopped. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

  解析

  本题的解题关键在于如何认识经济发展与环境之间的关系:一些人认为经济发展是唯一能阻止贫困和饥饿的方式然而另一些人认为经济发展正是导致贫困和饥饿,所以人们应停止发展经济。

  这篇写作思路如下:

  1. 经济发展带给我们生活上的便捷以及物质生活上的提高,但经济发展的确会带来环境破坏;

  2.我们不能因此停止经济发展,因为:1.只有发展经济,社会才能进步,人类才能过上好的生活;2.经济发展给环境带来的破坏可以通过发达的科技削弱,甚至消除。

  3. 结论:我们不能放弃经济发展,而是找到更好的方法去减轻经济发展带来的环境破坏。

  以下请看高分范文。

  As is known to all, the only solution to poverty and hunger is economic growth. However, many people raise objections to economic progress on the ground that it will cause huge damage to the environment.

  开头铺垫经济发展对于消除贫困和饥饿的重要性,运用the only solution去突出经济发展的重要性。接着提到经济发展也会带来相应的环境破坏,句中raise objection提出反对意见,on the ground 表示由于。由这两句话作为文章开头引出下文的讨论部分。

  It is true, of course, that rapid economic growth often comes at the expense of the environment. This has happened again and again in the world, especially in the developing countries. The relentless urbanization process, for example, has destroyed numerous natural open spaces and animal habitat, and had the dull concrete buildings in their place. Meanwhile, it is not uncommon at all to see the rivers and streams around paper factories (or other manufacturing factories) are so polluted that the water is no longer drinkable.

  主体段第一段主要描述经济发展对环境带来的消极影响,采用总分结构叙述。主题句中at the expense of表示以…..为代价。Relentless表示无情的,修饰urbanization process(城市化进程)dull修饰水泥建筑以表达贬义。

  Yet this does not follow that we could do without economic growth. For one thing, only with fast economic development can people have the opportunities to enjoy a better material life, which is the first-tier need of all people at all times. Though this does not suggest that people's insatiable desire should always be met by developing economy, we can rather safely say that economic growth is often the primary concern for all people, especially those living in poverty and hunger. For another , though economic growth will necessarily bring negative effects on the environment, the effects can well be minimized or even eliminated. Covered with green trees and grasses, many big cities have now attracted birds and other animals back again. The rivers and streams around factories have become clean, too, as purifying technologies are put into use.

  主体段第二段以经济发展的优点作为段落核心观点,引出经济发展带来的两大好处,第一经济发展是提升人们物质水平的重要原因,第二尽管经济发展为经济带来负面影响但这些影响可以被减少甚至消除。本段结构以总分为主,for one thing, for another引导出两个分论点。First-tier表示一级的修饰人们的需求,insatiable贪得无厌的修饰人们的渴望,minimize和eliminate两个动词的并列和purifying修饰科技的表达方法值得借鉴,。

  My opinion, then, is that economic growth is forever needed in spite of its potential risks to the environment. What we ought to do is try to find ways of reducing its effect on the environment, rather than give up economic development altogether.

  总结段重申自己的观点,经济发展会带来环境的破坏但并不代表我们要组织环境的发展。In spite of表示尽管引导出让步结构。

  总的来说篇作文属于双边讨论类题目,范文内容先肯定经济发展确实带来了一些坏处但中心论点以这些坏处同样可以被经济发展和发达的科技所解决,值得借鉴和积累的表达方式有如下:

  1.raise objection:提出反对意见

  2.on the ground:由于

  3.at the expense of:以…为代价

  4.relentless urbanization process:残酷的城市化进程

  5.dull:无聊的

  6.first-tier need:首要需求

  7.insatiable desire:贪得无厌的需求

  8.minimize:最小化

  9.eliminate:消除

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思大作文真题回忆及分析”相关内容,无论是在备考的哪个阶段,考生一定要注意练习和总结,有效的练习和方法是我们提升写作的关键。


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