在雅思阅读备考中,考生需要练习的文章题材比较多样化,根据考试经验总结,考生可以多练习一些社会类、经济类、政府类、环境类等题材的文章。今天小编为大家带来的是雅思阅读文章解析-国际贸易,一起来学习一下。

  DELIVERING THE GOODS

  The vast expansion in international trade owes much to a revolution in the business of moving freight

  A International trade is growing at a startling pace. While the global economy has been expanding at a bit over 3% a year, the volume of trade has been rising at a compound annual rate of about twice that. Foreign products, from meat to machinery, play a more important role in almost every economy in the world, and foreign markets now tempt businesses that never much worried about sales beyond their nation's borders.

  国际贸易正以惊人的速度增长。虽然全球经济一直以每年3%多一点的速度增长,但贸易额的复合年增长率大约是这个数字的两倍。从肉类到机械,外国产品在世界上几乎每一个经济体中都扮演着更重要的角色,而外国市场现在吸引的企业从来都不太担心在本国境外的销售。

  在文章题目的下方引言部分,如果时间允许是最好去读一下的,因为就是这样一个最简洁的概括会让我们了解文章的核心。

  The vast expansion in international trade owes much to a revolution in the business of moving freight

  国际贸易的扩张是由于货物运输的革命。这里提到了货物运输,那么我们就知道这篇文章将会大篇幅的围绕国际贸易和货物运输展开。

  What lies behind this explosion in international commerce? The general worldwide decline in trade barriers, such as customs duties and import quotas, is surely one explanation. The economic opening of countries that have traditionally been minor players is another. But one force behind the import-export boom has passed all but unnoticed: the rapidly falling cost of getting goods to market.

  Theoretically, in the world of trade, shipping costs do not matter. Goods, once they have been made, are assumed to move instantly and at no cost from place to place. The real world, however, is full of frictions. Cheap labour may make Chinese clothing competitive in America, but if delays in shipment tie up working capital and cause winter coats to arrive in spring, trade may lose its advantages.

  在第二段,通过首句的问句,我们就知道这段会讲到具体的原因。

  参考翻译:国际贸易爆炸的背后是什么?关税和进口配额等贸易壁垒在全球范围内普遍减少,肯定是原因之一。另一个原因是传统上无足轻重的国家的经济开放。但是,进出口繁荣背后的一股力量几乎被忽视了,那就是迅速下降的商品入市成本。理论上,在贸易领域,运输成本并不重要。货物一旦被制造出来,就被认为可以立即从一个地方转移到另一个地方,而不需要任何费用。然而,现实世界充满了摩擦。廉价的劳动力可能会使中国服装在美国具有竞争力,但如果延误装运会占用营运资金,导致冬季大衣在春季到货,贸易可能会失去优势。

  核心词汇整理:

  1. Startling 惊人的,同替词汇 stunning surprising

  2. Commerce 商业 commercial 商业的

  下面是一段新的内容,大家也可以尝试着去做一下精读。

  At the turn of the 20th century, agriculture and manufacturing were the two most important sectors almost everywhere, accounting for about 70% of total output in Germany, Italy and France, and 40-50% in America, Britain and Japan. International commerce was therefore dominated by raw materials, such as wheat, wood and iron ore, or processed commodities, such as meat and steel. But these sorts of products are heavy and bulky and the cost of transporting them relatively high.

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思阅读文章解析-国际贸易”的相关内容 ,希望对大家备考雅思有帮助,相信付出终会有收获,在这里小编预祝各位考生在雅思考试中收获一个高分。


展开显示全文