1) 追根溯源法。 例子: Nowadays more and more people are using cellphones to communicate, so they are losing the ability to communicate with each other face-to-face. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?

  这个题目中给出的话题cellphones,所以考生可以从它产生的原因来考虑,  … (time) witnessed …

  这个背景句就可以写成: The late 20th century witnessed the boom of science and technology, which gave rise to a series of technological innovations, including the mobile phone.

  2)重述法。即对关于这个话题的当前现状的重述。 请看一例: Nowadays, people are facing more and more work-related stress. What are the reasons for this phenomenon and what can be done to make people feel safter?

  本题的话题关于压力,那考生可从当前社会现象来考虑这个问题,考生不难想出当下对压力这一现象的情况,即很多人都在承受着或多或少的压力。可用it is generally believed that … 形式主语的句型。 参考: It is generally believed that white-collar as well as blue-collars workers are suffering from psychological and physical stress stemming from work.

  3)定义法。即通过对话题词的定义的介绍,这种方法有一定难度,考生需要有渊博的知识,才能做到对名词的解释,但对特别明显的词语,考生可借鉴这种方法。 请看一例:

  The main purpose of public libraries is to provide books and they should not waste their limited resources and space on providing expensive hi-tech media such as computer software, videos and DVDs. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?


  It is generally believed that public libraries are places with a large collection of books; however, the digital time has given it a new means of storing and retrieving information.