1) 追根溯源法。 例子： Nowadays more and more people are using cellphones to communicate, so they are losing the ability to communicate with each other face-to-face. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?
这个题目中给出的话题cellphones，所以考生可以从它产生的原因来考虑， … (time) witnessed …
这个背景句就可以写成： The late 20th century witnessed the boom of science and technology, which gave rise to a series of technological innovations, including the mobile phone.
2)重述法。即对关于这个话题的当前现状的重述。 请看一例： Nowadays, people are facing more and more work-related stress. What are the reasons for this phenomenon and what can be done to make people feel safter?
本题的话题关于压力，那考生可从当前社会现象来考虑这个问题，考生不难想出当下对压力这一现象的情况，即很多人都在承受着或多或少的压力。可用it is generally believed that … 形式主语的句型。 参考: It is generally believed that white-collar as well as blue-collars workers are suffering from psychological and physical stress stemming from work.
The main purpose of public libraries is to provide books and they should not waste their limited resources and space on providing expensive hi-tech media such as computer software, videos and DVDs. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
It is generally believed that public libraries are places with a large collection of books; however, the digital time has given it a new means of storing and retrieving information.