在雅思阅读备考中,很多考生认为长难句的结构比较复杂,而且句子也比较长。今天小编为大家准备的雅思阅读长难句分析-分词作定语,大家可以结合有效的练习,掌握长难句分析的方法,帮助我们更准确的理解阅读文章内容。

  雅思阅读长难句分析-分词作定语

  理论铺垫:分词作后置定语,就是现在分词ing短语和过去分词ed短语放在它修饰的名词后面,来修饰这个名词。

  以下面这两个句子为例分析:

  1、Expeditioners heading south were issued with pamphlets listing five-letter codes covering almost every conceivable situation so they could communicate with their families.

  句子成分分析:Expeditioners(heading south现在分词作后置定语)were issued with pamphlets (listing five-letter codes现在分词做后置定语) (covering almost every conceivable situation现在分词作后置定语) so they could communicate with their families.

  句子主干:Expeditioners were issued with pamphlets so they could communicate with their families.

  句子结构:句子1+so+句子2,构成了并列句,so是并列句连接词。

  翻译:向南行进的探险者们被发放了小册子,上面有着由五位字母构成的一些代码,这些代码涵盖了几乎所有可能想象得到的情景,因此他们可以和自己的家人进行交流。

  2、A scent associated with a good experience can bring a rush of joy, while a foul odour or one associated with a bad memory may make us grimace with disgust.

  句子成分分析:A scent (associated with a good experience过去分词做后置定语)can bring a rush of joy, while a foul odour or one (associated with a bad memory过去分词作后置定语)may make us grimace with disgust.

  句子主干:A scent can bring a rush of joy, while a foul odour or one may make us grimace with disgust.

  句子结构:句子1+while+句子2,构成并列句,while是并列句连接词。

  翻译:与一次美好经历相关的气味能够带来大量快乐的感觉,而恶臭的气味或者说与一段不好的回忆相联的气味会使得我们因厌恶而痛苦。

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思阅读长难句分析-分词作定语”一文,雅思备考本身是一个讲求策略和坚持的过程,希望考生能在学习中不断思考与总结,这样才能帮助我们更有把握拿到目标成绩。


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