在雅思写作备考中,相信大家都会积累大量的素材,要知道我们积累的素材是为了能更加灵活的运用,学会真正的举一反三。那么雅思写作素材如何做到举一反三呢?接下来小编通过实际例子来为大家讲解方法,希望能帮助大家理解。

  Case I

  剑桥8 test3 大作文:

  Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

  题目的意思是:提高油价是解决交通拥堵和环境污染最好的办法。是否同意?有其它有效的措施吗?

  剑桥8第167页有一篇考官范文,我节选了一段, 来看看考官怎么给出解决这个问题的措施。

  However, traffic congestion will not be solved by changing the type private vehicle people can use. To do this, we need to improving the choice of public transport services available to travelers. For example, if sufficient sky trains and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities, then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced. Long-distance train and coach services should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving your own car for long journeys.

  这一段的针对交通拥堵给出了一个解决方案。意思是:然而,交通拥堵的问题不会通过改变人们能使用的私家车种类来解决。为了解决这个问题,我们需要改进出行者所能得到的公共交通服务的选择。

  比如,如果在主要城市中能够建设并有效维护充足的高架列车和地铁系统,那么公路上的交通将会急剧减少。长途列车和长途公共汽车该成为自驾长途旅行的价廉物美的替代性选择。

  在学习这段语言素材的过程中,我们可以积累一些关于解决交通拥堵的写作素材和语言表达,如:“建设轻轨和地铁” ---sky trains and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained.

  学习范文的目的并不是为了考试去碰一模一样的题目,而是为了能够灵活运用这些词汇句式和素材。

  我们来看另一道题:雅思官方指南 Test 3 大作文:

  Car ownership has increased so rapidly over the past thirty years that many cities in the world are now ‘one big traffic jam’.

  How true do you think this statement is?

  What measures can governments take to discourage people from using their cars?

  这道题的意思是: 汽车拥有量在过去三十年快速增长,以至于现在很多城市处于“大拥堵”的状况。你认为是这样吗?政府可以采取什么措施让人们少开私家车?

  这道题属于社会(或者政府)类考题,涉及的主题是交通拥堵。联想一下,是不是与刚才剑桥8test3 的大作文十分相似?本题第二问讨论政府如何让人们少开私家车,其实属于政府解决交通拥堵问题的措施范畴,刚好能用上剑桥8test3 大作文范文中的解决拥堵的措施:政府应该完善公共交通,比如修建轻轨地铁等吸引人们使用公交,少开私家车。

  所以,稍微挪用一下素材,我们就可以得出一个主体段的范文如下:

  One of the best approaches governments can take in busy cities is to improve the choices of public transport services available to travelers and encourage people to use these services. This means the transport facilities have to be well run and people must be able to afford them. For example, if sufficient sky trains and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities, people will use them and then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced.Besides, long-distance train and coach services should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving people’s own car for long journeys.

  以上就是素材的灵活运用!(彩色部分几乎源自剑桥8test3大作文考官范文)

  Case II

  剑桥4 Test4 大作文:

  In many countries, schools have severe problems with student behavior. What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest?

  题目的意思是:现在很多学校里面学生出现了严重的学生行为问题,请问原因和解决办法。

  在剑4第169页有这个题目的考官范文,我节选了其中的一个段落,来看看考官怎么分析这个现象产生的原因。

  In many countries, the birth rate is decreasing so that families are smaller with fewer children. These children are often spoilt, not in terms of love and attention because working parents do not have the time for this, but in more material ways. They are allowed to have whatever they want, regardless of price, and to behave as they please. This means that the children grow up without consideration for others and without any understanding of where their standard of living comes from.

  这段话的意思是:在很多国家,出生率下降,所以家庭里面孩子的数量少了。这些孩子经常被父母宠坏了,但是工作的父母没有时间去关注他们,只是给了他们很好的物质生活。孩子想要什么就有什么,不问价格,想做什么就做什么,开心就好。这就意味着这些孩子长大以后不会替别人着想,不珍惜自己的生活条件。

  在学习这段语言素材的过程中,我们同样可以积累一些写作素材和语言表达。

  我们再来看另一道题:

  2018-7-21大作文:Many businesses think that the new employees who graduate from schools lack basic interpersonal skills, such as working with colleagues as a team. What are the causes and solutions to this problem?

  “很多新员工缺乏沟通与合作能力,请问原因和解决办法”。这道题属于社会(工作)话题,而刚才剑4-4的题目属于教育话题。但是,我们发现,即使是两类不同的话题,彼此之间的词汇素材也有很多相通的地方。我们稍微动一下脑筋,就可以把剑4-4的那段素材转化运用到这个题目。“因为孩子从小被父母宠坏了,不替别人着想,所以参加工作以后也就不懂得与人沟通合作”。

  根据这个因果逻辑,就有了下面的范文:

  With fewer children in a family, the young generation is often spoilt by their parents. In their childhood, they can have whatever they want and only care about their own feelings. Such children grow up without consideration for others, which makes it difficult for them to cooperate with others after they enter a company.

  这就是完美的素材灵活运用(彩色字体的素材基本源自剑4-4)!

  众所周知,写作考试的时间非常紧凑。

  如果所有的内容都在现场创作,对于很多同学来说很有难度,作文质量估计也不会很高,而且错误会比较多。

  但是,如果我们能把曾经写过的话题素材巧妙地挪用到当天的写作中,将能够帮助我们节约很多时间,而且展现一些高质量的英文表达,进而提高写作分数。

  正确的写作备考提升的是整体写作能力。把上课讲的、课后补充的资料都复习到了,基本上所有的题目都能够解决,因为作文的思路方法、词汇句式和语料素材都是举一反三、循环使用的。

  以上是小编为大家分享的“实例教你雅思写作素材如何举一反三 ”相关内容,希望大家通过阅读本文,从中有所收获。在这里小编也希望各位考生能通过不懈的努力,顺利通过雅思写作考试。


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