在雅思听力考试中,题型比较多,其中填空题对于考生来说有一定难度。今天小编为大家分享雅思听力Part4填空题的解题方法,希望通过实际例子能帮助大家理解和掌握。接下来我们就来看看雅思听力Part4填空题如何解题。

  了解要求:

  从雅思官方考试指南上可得知: There is no break in the middle of Part 4: the speaker only pauses for a moment so you must preview all the questions (31-40) at the beginning. 从答题要求上可以看到P4在做题过程中是没有停顿的,因此在做题之前要在规定时间内读完所有的题目。

  高频场景:

  通过对2019年全年考试场景分析,可得知,P4常见场景多为学术讲座,会涉及文学、科技、艺术、动植物、建筑、经济等相关。因为篇幅和时间有限,今天选取剑10T4P4科技类话题背景下的P4跟大家做解读。

  真题解析:剑桥10T4P4

  Uses of Nanotechnology

  Transport

  Nanotechnology could allow the development of stronger 34 ___

  37___energy will become more affordable.

  Pollutants such as 38 ___ could be removed from water more easily.

  There will be no 39___ from manufacturing.

  这四道题相对典型,每个题目都可题型出普遍性,因此重点做讲解

  审题 34题,空前定位词为形容词是S4填空题的特点之一,结合形容词词性不稳定的特点,空前是形容词,可判断空内词为名词。这会使得大家不容易定位。那么需要思考形容词比较级常以more+形容词或者形容词比较级本身出现,同时可结合句意,主语 Nanotechnology发生了积极变化定位。下面解析相同颜色部分即为同替,橙色部分为正确答案。

  听+写 对应答案句…Thanks to Nanotechnology,there could be a major breakthrough in the field of transportation with production of more durable metals. 答案即为metals.

  整理同替:development=major breakthrough transport=transportation stronger=more durable

  审题 37题,属于定位词在空后的典型题目。因此可从空内词词性和句意两个角度定位。will become是本题的谓语部分,因此主语为名词/形容词+energy,句意为…能源变得可以被负担得起了,推测应该是价格上的变化,可重点关注。

  听+写 对应答案句…Nanotechnology could also revolutionize the way we generated power. The cost of solar cells will be drastically reduced so harnessing this energy will be far more economical than at present. 答案即为solar.

  整理同替:more affordable=the cost of sth will be drastically reduced=more economical

  38题,属于已经给了答案的范围。可知谓语部分是could be removed,主语部分是Pollutants,可知空内词属于Pollutants,且满足后面could be removed from water more easily的条件。

  听+写 对应答案句…on a more local scale, this new technology could help with the clean up of environmental disasters as nanotechnology will allow us to remove oil and other contaminants from the water far more effectively. 这里虽然答案出现了并列结构,但选取的答案越具体越好,因此为oil.

  整理同替:pollutants=oil and other contaminants

  could be removed from water more easily= to remove oil and other contaminants from the water

  39题,属于有明显否定的题目。看到空内词前有no,有两种情况:一般no/not会和所有情态动词或be动词连用,形成wouldn’t/couldn’t/won’t/isn’t/aren’t等。其次是会变成without/be lack of/be short of等,因此需要关注否定表达。

  听+写 对应答案句…in term of production ,this means that you only use what you need and so there wouldn’t be any waste. 答案即为waste.

  整理同替: manufacturing= production no= wouldn’t be

  同类题型练习:剑8T1P4、剑9T1P4、剑10T3P4

  P4填空题的做题步骤和分析路径已给大家呈现,想要在单位时间内提高审题效率和正确率离不开平时的练习,掌握正确的方法并持之以恒一定可以拿到理想的成绩的,祝大家学有所获,天天进步~

  以上是今日为大家分享的“雅思听力Part4填空题如何解题”一文,希望能帮助到更多雅思考生有效的备考,在雅思考试中能收获满意的成绩,为我们留学奠定扎实的基础。


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