在准备雅思写作考试的过程中,考生会通过大量的练习熟悉写作考试题型。其中地图题是高频题型之一,对于考生来说也有一定的难度。今天小编为大家准备了一些雅思写作小作文地图题答题素材,方便大家进行练习和运用。

  1.时态

  如果地图题反映的是一个地方在过去的一段时间的变化,文章用一般过去时。如果地图题反映的是一个地方在将来一段时间的变化趋势,文章用一般将来时或表“估计”的词汇。如果地图题反映的是一个地方从过去到现在的变化,可用现完成时。

  如:现在停车场改成了一个剧院。

  The car park has been removed and replaced by a theatre.

  城镇A的家庭数量从1937年到2020年将翻一番。

  The number of homes in Town A is likely to double

  (is likely to= is predicted to /is estimated to/is projected to/is expected to )

  又可为:

  It is likely that the number of homes in Town A will double.

  (it is likely that = it is predicted/estimated/projected/ expected that….)

  2.细节变化

  地图每个细节变化都要提到,不要忽视一个细节

  3.语态

  地图题用被动语态

  如: 2000年在城镇A 新建了一个医院:A new hospital was established in Town A in 2000.

  4.地图题的书写顺序:时间顺序和空间顺序

  如2015年9月A 类TASK 1

  The map shows the development of the village of Kelsbey between 1780 and 2000.

  适用句式

  ★A 在B 的东方/西方/南方/北方

  A is/ lies/ is located/ is situated in/on / to the east/west/south/north of B

  (in 表A 在B 内部, ON 表A 和B接壤,TO 表A 和B 分开)

  ★A 在B 内部的某个部位

  A is in the eastern/ southern/ western/ northern part of B.

  ★A在B 西北部的120 千米处

  A lies 120 km to the northwest of B.

  ★A 在B….角落

  A is at/in the south-eastern corner of B ( at 表示A 在B 外部, in表A 在B 内部)

  ★在河流或道路的南边/北边等

  On the south/southern side of the river

  On both sides of the road

  On the other side

  ★临近马路的地区

  The area adjacent to/ near /next to/ just off the road

  ★在道路或河流的比较南端

  At the southern end of the river

  ★A 在B 的对面

  A is on the opposite side of B

  A is opposite B

  ★A 在B 东部的边界上(A 在B外部)

  A is on the eastern border of B

  ★A 在B 东部边缘上 (A 在B 内部)

  A is on/ along the eastern edge of B

  5.“变化”词汇

  地图题描述的是一个地区的变化,那么“变化”词汇必须过关。

  雅思中国网海外考试研究中心分析发现,变化包括两种:图形原有事物的改变,图形新添事物。

  我们先看图形原有事物的改变:

  ★原有事物可说成:

  The original/previous/former garden

  ★原有事物尺寸上变大/变小:

  The size of the library has been enlarged/extended/halved/reduced by half

  ★原有事物在数量上增多或减少:

  The number of homes has increased/risen/grown/reduced /decreased/dropped/fallen/

  doubled/ tripled/ quadrupled to 500.

  ★原有事物没了:

  The farms completely disappeared/were removed.

  ★原有事物被改为:

  A becomes B

  A is transformed/reconstructed/redeveloped/converted/changed/turned over to/ into B

  A is replaced /substituted by B = A gives way to B

  ★图形新添事物

  A newly-built road

  A new car park was built/established/set up/constructed/completed and opened in the middle of B

  A new IT centre has been added to the library

  The year 2000 saw two additions to the land: a pond in the northern part and a vegetable garden on the opposite side.

  地图题的6个常用句式(前三个句子为主,后面的句子为连接和点缀)

  句式1:located/situated/sited/built/constructed+地点

  1. 一块湿地(wetland)在湖的西南面。

  A wetland is located to the southeast of the lack.

  句式2:地点+with+地点+方位

  2. 这个地区有一个很大的树林,在南面有一个农场。

  This region has large woodland with a farm to the south.

  句式3:there be 句型

  3. 东南角有两个学校。

  There are two schools on the south-eastern corner of the area.

  句式4:使用while, but 和and连接的句子

  4. 城市的北面有一个山, 而南面有一个湖

  A mountain is located to the north of the city, while there is a river to the south.

  句式5: 倒装句

  5. 河的南面有个博物馆。

  To the south of the river was a library.

  句式6:使用名词性从句(譬如说it should be noted that, it is worth noting that, it is noticeable that, we can see that, it is clear that, one significant change is that)

  6. 值得注意的是这个图书馆在东侧有一长列的会议室。

  以上是小编为大家分享的“雅思写作小作文地图题答题素材”的全部内容,希望小编的分享能帮助大家结合有效的备考,顺利在雅思考试中拿下自己的目标分数。


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