在雅思阅读考试中经常会涉及到数据相关的考点，了解考点是我们备考的一个关键，一定不要盲目的进行练习。今天小编为大家介绍一下雅思阅读考试常见的两大考点，这两大考点出现的频率比较高，我们可以作为重点进行练习。

1、题目中的数据词

如果题目中出现了“statistical, statistics, cost, fund, large number, percent, percentage”等的时候，文章中相对应的句子会出现相对应的与数据相关的词。下面看几个例子：

例子一：

剑5 TEST 1 Passage 1 Q1 多项选择选项C. It was famous because of the large number of people involved. 题目中出现了数据词“large number”, 根据这个词在文章中找与题目意思有关的句子，并且其中有可能包括数据。在文章中第5段找到这么一句话：“He was also helped by six assistants, two of whom died whilst the Dictionary was still in preparation.”根据两句话的意思，“6个助手”不算一个比较大(large number)的数据，所以这个选项是不对的。

例子二：

剑7 TEST 2 Passage 2 Q14 “a cost involved in purifying domestic water”, 这道题同样是一道“段落细节”题，让考生找出这句话在文章中哪一段出现。题目中的数据词是“cost”, 文章中应该会出现一些与“钱和数据”有关的词，在文章中可以非常明显地看到E段有很多数据：“The costs included: £120mfor removal of pesticides; £16mfor removal of nitrates; £55mfor removal of phosphates and soil; £23mfor the removal of the bug cryptosporidium from drinking water by water companies.”而判断的时候发现文章中的“drinking water(饮用水)”与题目中的“domestic water(家庭用水)”相对应，所以此题对应的就是文章的E段。

2、题目中的时间词

如果题目中出现了与“最初(previous, original, originally, initial, initially, beginning, before, at first...)”、“最后(at last, later, end, finally, ultimately, eventually...)”和“现在(now, these days, current, currently, our time, with us...)”有关的词，因为题目和文章内容的一致性，所以文章中也会出现相对应的词。

例子一：

剑9 TEST 3 Passage 3 Q32 “a reference to what Shannon initiallyintended to achieve in his research”, 是一道“段落细节”题，是整个雅思考题中最难的题目。根据定位词“Shannon”和时间词“initially”, 在文章C段句(This all seems light years away from the down-to-earth uses Shannon originally had for his work, which began when he was a 22-year-old graduate engineering student at the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1939.)里看到了定位词“Shannon”和时间词“originally”, 再仔细读句子的意思，两句话的意思对应得很紧密。所以此题应该选择C段。

例子二：

剑9 TEST 1 Passage 1 Q10 “What was the name finallyused to refer to the first colour Perkin invented?”, 题目中的时间词是“finally”, 而文章第8段中相对应句子是“Perkin originally named his dye Tyrian Purple, but it laterbecame commonly known as mauve (from the French for the plant used to make the colour violet)”，题目中“finally”的时间对应词是“later”。

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