在雅思阅读考试中文章的逻辑结构对于我们答题来说也是一个关键点,今天小编为大家总结了一些雅思阅读逻辑常见的一些考点,并且通过具体的例子分析,希望能帮助大家找到雅思阅读解题的突破口,一起来学习一下吧!

  类比连接词

  similarly, be similar to, as, like, alike,likewise, corresponding to, equal, identical, same, by the same token, the same is true of , in the same way, resemble,agree,share,harmony,compare to/with …, comparable

  例题1 题目 C521 Q1 填空

  Some plastics behave in a similar way to __________ in that they melt under heat and can be moulded into new forms.

  文章 P2

  Some are ‘thermoplastic’, which means that, like candlewax, they melt when heated and can be reshaped.

  翻译 :

  有些塑料是“热塑型”的,这意味着,它们像蜡烛一样,会在加热时会融化,然后就可以重新塑形。

  解析:

  定位后,利用题中类比词in a similar way to, 可以找到文中对应词like, 也就是统一替换,答案就是candlewax了。

  例题2 题目 C442 Q27 填空

  However, as archaeologists do not try to influence human behaviour, the writer compares their style of working to that of a __________.

  文章 Last Paragraph:

  The objects the archaeologists discover, on the other hand, tell us nothing directly in themselves. In this respect, the practice of the archaeologist is rather like that of the scientist, who collects data, conducts experiments, formulates a hypothesis, tests the hypothesis against more data…

  翻译 :

  另一方面,考古学家发现的这些物体本身并没有告诉我们什么。 从这个方面说来,考古学家的实践经历跟科学家非常像,他们收集数据,操作实验,制定假说,用假说检验更多的数据。

  解析:

  审题时重点关注题中类比词compare ... to …,定位后,可以找到文中替换词rather like, 答案即 scientist。

  例题3 题目 C10’11 Q11 表格填空

  Looks more like a __________ than a well.

  文章 :

  It actually resembles a tank (kund means reservoir or pond) rather than a well, but displays the hallmarks of step well architecture, including four sides of steps that decend to the bottom in a stunning geometrical formation.

  翻译 :

  它实际上长的像一个水库(kund意味着水库或池塘)而不是一个井,但却展示了梯井结构的特点,包括下降到底部的四个阶梯面,这四面拥有着绝美的几何对称图案。

  解析:

  审题时关注类比词like,定位后,发现resemble,意思相当于look like, 答案呼之欲出 tank.

  * 对比连接词

  while, however, nevertheless,otherwise,whereas, in contrast, on the contrary, rather than, instead of, conversely, unlike,different, incompatible, conflicting, change, vary, in opposition to, distinguish...from.. ,be distinct from sth…

  例题1 题目 C10’23 Q37 判断

  The approach of art historians conflicts with that of art museums.

  文章 :

  Consequently, the dominant critical approach becomes that of the art historian, a specialised academic approach devoted to discovering the meaning of art within the cultural context of its time. This is in perfect harmony with the museum’s function.

  翻译 :

  因此,主流的批判方法成为艺术史学家的批判方式,这是一种专门的学术方法,致力于发现在当时的文化背景下艺术的意义。 这与博物馆的功能达到了完美一致。

  解析:

  审题时获取考点词conflict,正是对比连接词,定位后发现in harmony with,意思是“与……协调、一致”,所以二者并非矛盾,而是一致的,因此答案选NO。

  例题2

  题目 C11’32 Q18 判断

  Dingle’s aim is to distinguish between the migratory behaviours of different species.

  文章 :

  The value of his definition, Dingle argues, is that it focuses attention on what the phenomenon of wildebeest migration shares with the phenomenon of the aphids, and therefore helps guide researchers towards understanding how evolution has produced them all.

  翻译 :

  Dingle认为,他定义的价值在于它将注意力集中于在牛羚迁徙现象与蚜虫迁徙现象的共同点上,因而有助于指导研究人员了解进化是如何将它们制造出来的。

  解析:

  审题关注到判断题对比词aim is to distinguish, 定位后,对应到原文中的focuses attention on,发现类比词share,表示“共享,公用”,与题目的distinguish“区分”意思冲突,所以答案选择FALSE。

  一般来说,阅读方面通过句子意思、句子关系、段落意思、段落关系的方法来理解文章的逻辑和要表达的观点非常关键。

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思阅读逻辑常见考点总结”的相关内容,希望为大家备考雅思带来一些帮助,同时欢迎大家关注智课网雅思频道,我们会及时为大家更新雅思考试相关内容。


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