在雅思阅读备考中,大家一定要注意积累,包括文章中的词汇及短语、背景知识等等。今天小编为大家整理了一些雅思阅读高频词组及词汇,大家可以学习一下,希望能帮助到大家扩大阅读词汇量,积累阅读知识。

  barring:except,not including除……外

  concerning:about,regarding论及,关于

  excepting=except

  failing:in default of因缺少……;在缺少……时

  following:after in time;as a sequel to在……以后

  including:if we include如果包括我;……包括在内

  pending:during/until在……期间/直到……为止

  regarding:about,concerning,in respect of

  as twith regard to关于,至于

  because of:on account of,by reason

  but for:without the help or hindrane etc.of假如没有……(帮助或障碍等);要不是

  by means of凭借……的方法

  in view of:considering由于,鉴于

  with a view twuth the hope or intention of指望,考虑到

  near tto or at a short distance from(in space,time,condition,or resemnlance)

  next talmost,virtually几乎

  ahead of:further forward in space or time sb/sth; ealier tan sb/sth; further advanced than sb/sth

  except for:not including,other than除了

  in accordance with:in conformity to一致;依据

  in front of:ahead of ,in the presence of在前面;当着……的面

  in place of:in exchange for,instead of作为……的交换

  in spite of:notwithstanding不管,不顾

  instead of:in place of

  along with:in addition to;together with另外,加之,还有

  apart from:exceping,not considering; in addition to除……外/且莫说;除……之外尚有

  as for:with regard to至于

  as from:on and after(a specified time)从一特定时间开始

  as of=as from

  as regards:about,concerning至于,就……而论

  on account of: beause of

  on behalf of:in the interests of;as representative为了……的利益/代表

  owing tbecause of由于

  prior/before在前,居先

  together with:as well as和,连同

  up tun til/below or equal to直到/不多于

  in regard to=with regard tas concerns,in respect of

  in that由于,因为

  conservation 保护,保存

  ( conserve)v.s. conversation

  environmentalist = conservationist

  acid 酸 酸的 (<>alkali)acid rain

  carbon 碳 (C)

  v.s. charcoal (炭)carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide

  fume exhaust fumes

  v.s. smoke, fog, smog

  petroleum 石油à petrol (BE)

  gasoline/gas (AE)à unleaded petrol/gas

  ozone 臭氧 (o + zone)ozone layer

  ooze 渗出 渗出物

  radiation 辐射

  ultraviolet(UV) radiation~ radioactive

  greenhouse 温室

  greenhouse effect/gases

  solar 太阳的 (solar energy)

  lunar (lunar calendar)

  phenomenon 现象

  catastrophe 巨灾

  disaster, cataclysm

  deterioration 恶化 ( deteriorate)

  extinction 灭绝 ( extinct)

  species endangered species

  物种濒危物种

  drought 干旱

  famine 饥荒v.s. flooding洪水泛滥

  recurrent 反复发生的

  re + (oc)cur + rent v.s. concurrent

  同时发生的

  inundate 淹没 、“淹掉它”

  embankment 筑堤

  sediment 沉积(物)= deposit

  delta 三角洲

  the Pearl River Delta

  alluvial 冲积的

  desertification desert (v.s. dessert)

  dust-storm 沙尘暴

  thunderstorm雷电交加的暴风雨

  brainstorm 头脑风暴

  barren 贫瘠的,不育的,无效的

  dune sand 沙丘沙

  attributable 归因于

  be attributable to…

  deforestation 滥砍滥伐(森林)

  de + forest + ation

  afforestation造林/reforestation重新造林

  log 原木,日志 伐木

  v.s. logo标志

  vegetation 植物,植被

  v.s. vegetable蔬菜, vegetarian素食主义者

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思阅读高频词组及词汇整理”的相关内容,希望为大家提供一些帮助,在这里小编预祝各位考生在雅思考试中顺利拿到自己的理想分数。


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