在雅思阅读备考中,各位考生一定要多做练习,熟悉考试题型,掌握题型的解题方法。今天小编为大家带来的是雅思阅读真题流浪儿童的小型企业贷款文章答案解析,大家可以做一下练习题,做完之后核对一下答案解析,帮助我们及时找到自己的问题。

  I'am from a large, poor family and for many years we have done without breakfast. Ever since I joined the Street Kids International program I have been able to buy my family sugar and buns for breakfast.I have also bought myself decent second-hand clothes and shoes.’--Doreen Soko ‘

  We’ve had business experience. Now I’m confident to expand what we’ve been doing.I’ve learnt cash management, and the way of keeping money so we save for reinvestment.Now business is a part of our lives. As well, we didn’t know each other before—now we’ve made new friends.’--Fan Kaoma, Participants in the Youth skills Enterprise Initiative Program, Zambia

  Introduction.Although small-scale business training and credit programs have become more common throughout the world, relatively little attention has been paid to the need to direct such opportunities to young people. Even less attention has been paid to children living on the street or in difficult circumstance. Over the past nine years, Street Kids International (S. K. I.) has been working with partnerorganizations in Africa, Latin America and India to support the economic lives of streetchildren.The purpose of this paper is to share some of the lessons S.K.I and our partnershave learned.

  Background. Typically, children do not end up on the streets due to a single cause, but to a combination of factors: a dearth of adequately funded schools, the demand for income at home, family breakdown and violence. The street may be attractive to children as a place to findadventurous play and money. However, it is also a place where some children are exposed, with little or no protection, to exploitative employment, urban crime, and abuse. Children who work on the streets are generally involved in unskilled, labor-intensive tasks which require long hours, such as shining shoes, carrying goods, guarding or washing cars, and informal trading. Some may also earn income through begging, or through theft and other illegal activities. At the same time, there are street children who take pride in supporting themselves and their families and who often enjoy their work.Many children may choose entrepreneurship because it allows them a degree of independence, is less exploitative than many forms of paid-employment, and is flexibleenough to allow them to participate in other activities such as education and domestic task.

  Street Business Partnerships. S. K. I. has worked with partner organizations in Latin America, Africa and India to develop innovative opportunities for street children to earn income. ·The S. K. I. Bicycle Courier Service first started in the Sudan.Participants in this enterprise were supplied with bicycles, which they used to deliver parcels and messages, and which they were required to pay for gradually from their wages. A similar program was taken up in Bangalore, India. ·Another successful project, The Shoe Shine Collective, was a partnership program with the Y.W.C.A. in the Dominican Republic.In this project, participants were lent money to purchase shoe shine boxes. They were also given a safe place to store their equipment, and facilities for individual savings plans. ·The Youth Skills Enterprise Initiative in Zambia is a joint program with the Red Cross Society and the Y.W.C.A. Street youths are supported to start their own small business through business training, life skills training and access to credit.

  Lessons learned. The following lessons have emerged from the programs that S. K. I. and partner organizations have created.·Being an entrepreneur is not for everyone, nor for every street child.Ideally, potential participants will have been involved in the organization’s programs for at least six months, and trust and relationship building will have already been established.·The involvement of the participants has been essential to the development of relevant programs. When children have had a major role in determining procedures, they are more likely to abide by and enforce them.·It is critical for all loans to be linked to training programs that include the development of basic business and life skills.·There are tremendous advantages to involving parents or guardians in the program,where such relationships exist. Home visits allow staff the opportunity to know where the participants live, and to understand more about each individual’s situation.·Small loans are provided initially for purchasing fixed assets such as bicycles, shoe shine kits and basic building materials for a market stall. As the entrepreneurs gain experience, the enterprises can be gradually expanded and consideration can be given to increasing loan amounts. The loan amount in S.K. I. programs have generally ranged from US$30-$100.·All S. K. I. programs have charged interest on the loans, primarily to get the entrepreneurs used to the concept of paying interest on borrowed money. Generally the rates have been modest (lower than bank rates.)

  Conclusion. There is a need to recognize the importance of access to credit for impoverished young people seeking to fulfill economic needs. The provision of small loans to support the entrepreneurialdreams and ambitions of youth can be an effective means to help them change their lives. However, we believe hat credit must be extended in association with other types of support that help participants develop critical life skills as well as productive businesses.

  参考译文

  Micro-Enterprise Credit for Street Youth

  流浪儿童的小型企业贷款

  ‘I am from a large, poor family and for many years we have done without breakfast. Ever since I joined the Street Kids International program I have been able to buy my family sugar and buns for breakfast. I have also bought myself decent second-hand clothes and shoes.’

  Doreen Soko

  “我来自一个贫困的大家庭。我们已经很多年没吃过早餐了。自从加人了国际流浪儿童组织,早饭我们就吃得起糖和面包了。我还给自己买了体面的二手服装和二手鞋子。”

  DOREEN SOKO

  ‘We’ve had business experience. Now I’m confident to expand what we’ve been doing. I’ve learnt cash management, and the way of keeping money so we save for re-investment. Now business is a part of our lives. As well, we didn’t know each other before — now we’ve made new friends.’

  Fan Kaoma

  “我们有经商的经验。现在我非常有信心扩大我的生意。我学过现金管理以及节省开支的方法,所以现在存了些钱进行再投资。生意已经成了我生活的一部分。还有,以前我们素不相识——现在,我们已经交到了很多新朋友。”

  FAN KAOMA

  Participants in the Youth Skills Enterprise Initiative Program, Zambia

  赞比亚青年创业计划的参与人

  Introduction

  Although small-scale business training and credit programs have become more common throughout the world, relatively little attention has been paid to the need to direct such opportunities to young people. Even less attention has been paid to children living on the street or in difficult circumstances.

  简介

  尽管在世界范围内,小型企业培训及贷款计划已经越来越普遍,然而相对而言,很少有人注意到年轻人也需要获得这样的机会。更少的人会去留意那些无家可归或家境贫困的孩子。

  Over the past nine years, Street Kids International (S.K.I.) has been working with partner organisations in Africa, Latin America and India to support the economic lives of street children. The purpose of this paper is to share some of the lessons S.K.I. and our partners have learned.

  在过去的九年里,国际流浪儿童组织已经与非洲、拉丁美洲以及印度的伙伴组织进行合作,来改善流浪儿童的经济状况。此文的目的主要是为了和大家分享一下他们所总结的经验教训。

  Background

  Typically, children do not end up on the streets due to a single cause, but to a combination of factors: a dearth of adequately funded schools, the demand for income at home, family breakdown and violence. The street may be attractive to children as a place to find adventurous play and money. However, it is also a place where some children are exposed, with little or no protection, to exploitative employment, urban crime, and abuse.

  背景

  通常来讲,儿童流离失所并非由某个原因造成,而是若干因素综合所致:比如缺乏拥有足够资金的学校,家里等着用钱,父母离异以及家庭暴力等。对于孩子来讲,街道可能是个令人着迷的地方,充满了冒险游戏和赚钱机会。然而,由于缺乏或根本没有保护,有些孩子在那里遭到剥削,遭遇暴力事件甚至虐待。

  Children who work on the streets are generally involved in unskilled, labour-intensive tasks which require long hours, such as shining shoes, carrying goods, guarding or washing cars, and informal trading. Some may also earn income through begging, or through theft and other illegal activities. At the same time, there are street children who take pride in supporting themselves and their families and who often enjoy their work. Many children may choose entrepreneurship because it allows them a degree of independence, is less exploitative than many forms of paid employment, and is flexible enough to allow them to participate in other activities such as education and domestic tasks.

  ...

  Question 1

  答案:A

  关键词:box/beginning

  定位原文:标题下方方框中

  解题思路:题目是问文章开头的方框当中的引言是什么意思。A答案:exemplify例证;举……例子;B答案是解释国际流浪儿童组织建立的原因;C答案:outline描述,描画轮廓;D答案中highlight是指突出、强调。很明显引言是在举例子,故正确答案选A。

  Question 2

  答案:D

  关键词:purpose/S.K.I

  定位原文:Introduction部分第2段首句“Over the past nine years, …lives of street children.”

  解题思路:“to support the economic lives of street children...等同于D答案,而其他三个选项基本未提到。

  Question 3

  答案:C

  关键词:reason/end up

  定位原文:Background部分的第一段首句“Typically, children do not end up on … and violence.”

  解题思路:…the demand for income at home...等同于poverty,而D答案crime并不是儿童流浪的原因,而是其可能产生的后果。

  Question 4

  答案:C

  关键词:independent

  定位原文:Background部分的第2段最后1句“Many children may choose entrepreneurship because it allows them a degree of independence,”

  解题思路:A,B,D三个答案都比较极端,只有C符合本文的主题。children独立的方式是“choose entrepreneurship”与C选项中的“set up their own businesses”是同义替换,故C 正确。

  ...

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思阅读真题流浪儿童的小型企业贷款文章答案解析”的相关内容,希望为大家练习雅思阅读提供一些帮助,在这里小编预祝各位考生在雅思阅读考试中顺利拿到自己的理想分数。


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