在雅思阅读备考中,考生如何结合有效的练习提升自己的阅读水平呢?我们不仅需要注意练习方法,还需要注意练习材料的选择。为方便大家备考雅思阅读,小编为大家带来了雅思阅读 european transport 练习解析,大家可以做一下练习。

  14. Paragraph A

  题解:根据A段的倒数第二句话:For passenger transport, the determining factor is the spectacular growth in car use. 对于乘客交通,决定性的因素是汽车使用的大量增加。所以答案是viii.

  15. Paragraph B

  题解:根据B段的首句:As far as goods transport is concerned, growth is due to a large extent to changes in the European economy and its system of production. 就物品运输而言,增长很大程度上是由于欧洲经济和生产系统的变化引起的。对应到iii选项:影响远距离物品运输的变化。所以答案是iii。

  16. Paragraph C

  题解:根据C段的首句:The strong economic growth expected in countries which are candidates for entry to the EU will also increase transport flows, in particular road haulage traffic. 对于那些想要加入欧盟的候选国家来说,强有力的经济增长将也会增加交通运输流动,尤其是公路货运。对应到选项中应该是xi,countries awaiting EU admission(等待欧盟的允许加入的国家)就是指文中的candidates,候选国家。transport trends对应到原文中的road haulage traffic。所以答案是xi。

  17. Paragraph D

  题解:根据段落第一句话:a new imperative—sustainable development—offers an opportunity for adapting the EU’s common transport policy. 一个新的重要紧急事件——可持续发展——提供了一个适应欧盟常规交通政策的机会。对应到i选项:fresh和new同义替换,long-term和sustainable同义替换,goal(目标)在文中具体化为“实施欧盟的交通政策”。所以答案为i。

  18. Paragraph E

  题解:根据段落首句:energy consumption in the transport sector was to blame for 28% of emissions of CO2, the leading greenhouse gas. 交通上的能源消耗造成量28%的二氧化碳的排放,而二氧化碳会导致温室效应。以及倒数第二句话:road transport is the main culprit since it alone accounts for 84% of the CO2 emission attributable to transport. 公路交通运输是主要的肇事者,因为单独公里运输就占了交通上二氧化碳排放的84%。 根据这两句话可得出答案为v.—---公路交通运输的环境代价。

  19. Paragraph G

  题解:根据段落首句:The first approach would consist of focusing on road transport solely through pricing. 对应到选项x.:alone和solely同义替换,charge表示“收费”和pricing同义替换。所以答案为x.

  20. Paragraph H

  题解:根据段落首句:The second approach also concentrates on road transport pricing but is accompanied by measures to increase the efficiency of the other modes. 第二个方法同样集中于公路交通运输收费,但是同时去增加其他运输模式的效率。对应到ii选项:对公路收费并且改善其他运输模式。所以答案为ii.

  21. Paragraph I

  题解:根据首句和第二句开头:The third approach, which is not new, comprises a series of measures ranging from pricing to revitalizing alternative modes of transport and targeting investment in the trans-European network. This integrated approach……第三个方法,不是新的,由一系列的方法组成,从价格到改善其他交通模式,以及计划投资欧洲交通运输网。这种综合的方法......根据句意可知答案为iv。

  Questions 22-26 判断题

  22. The need for transport is growing, despite technological developments.

  题解:定位词technological在A段的第二行,根据定位句说到尽管现代信息技术能减少交通需求,但是对交通的需求仍然持续增加。所以答案为TRUE。

  23. To reduce production costs, some industries have been moved closer to their relevant consumers.

  题解:文章定位在B段第5行,定位句明确说了even thousands of kilometers away from the final assembly plant or away from users. 远离使用者。所以答案为FALSE.

  24. Cars are prohibitively expensive in some candidate countries.

  题解:根据candidate countries文中定位到C段,而C段没有提到汽车价格昂贵,所以答案为NOT GIVEN.

  25. The Gothenburg European Council was set up 30 years ago.

  题解:文中定位到D段第二行最后,而定位句中没有提到什么时候建立的。所以答案为NOT GIVEN.

  26. By the end of this decade, CO2 emission from transport are predicted to reach 739 billion tonnes.

  题解:根据定位词定位到文中E段第五行:739 billion tonnes recorded in 1990. 根据原文可知739吨是1990年的记录,而不是题中说的predicted to reach(预计达到)。所以答案为FALSE。

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