在雅思阅读备考中,考生在做文章练习时一定要注意总结,通过不断的总结可以帮助我们丰富阅读知识,在考试中更准确的理解文章内容。今天小编为大家准备的是雅思阅读hearing impairment文章解析,一起来学习一下。

  Question 1—6:H、C、B、I、D、A

  Question 7—10:two decades、crowd(noise)、invisible(disabilities/disability)、invisible(disabilities/disability)

  Question 11—12:A、C

  Passage1整体分析

  体 裁 说明文

  题 材 科技应用

  主 题 青少年的听力障碍及应对措施

  段落概括 A 段 引出话题,并概要性介绍新西兰卫生部对本国青少年听力障碍的相关研究数据。

  B 段 教室噪音是教师和学生最关注的问题。

  C 段 相关国际机构也开始关注噪音在传统教学中对孩子的影响。

  D 段 听力障碍的几种常见病症

  E 段 自闭症的典型特征及其对孩子学习上的影响

  F 段 注意力不集中症的典型特征及其对孩子学习上的影响

  G 段 隐形听力障碍儿童在学习环境中的受关注度愈加不够。

  H 段 新西兰政府应对儿童听力障碍的新举措。

  I 段 其他国家的类似效仿措施

  雅思阅读重点词汇

  A段

  impairment n.障碍,损害,损伤

  impact n.影响

  consequence n.结果,后果,影响

  auditory adj.听觉的

  deficit n.瑕疵,不足,赤字,亏损

  detrimental adj.有害的,不利的

  individual n.个体

  decade n.十年

  B段

  preliminary adj.初步的,初级的,预备的

  acoustics n.(空间的)传声效果

  mechanical adj.机械的

  air-conditioning n.空调

  comprehend v.理解,领悟

  collaborative adj.合作的, 协作的

  heighten v.(使)加深,加剧

  exacerbate v.使恶化,使加剧

  concern n.令人担忧的亊,忧虑

  practice n.通常做法,惯例,练习

  ventilation n.空气流通,通风

  contribute to 导致,促成,有助于

  trend n.趋势

  interaction n.互动

  possession n.拥有,占有,财产

  potential n.可能性,潜在性,潜力

  C段

  maximum adj.最大的,最高的

  environment n.环境

  reverberation n.回声,回响

  generate v.造成,引起,产生

  evaluate v.评估D段

  disability n.残疾

  ASD 自闭症

  vulnerable adj.易受伤的

  ADD/ADHD 精神不集中

  E段

  autism n.孤独症,自闭症

  genetic adj.基因的,遗传的

  life-long adj.早生的,终生的

  sensory stimuli 感官刺激

  intrusive adj.打扰的,侵扰的

  adversely adv.不利地,有害地

  neurological adj.神经学的,神经系统的

  discrepancy n.差异,不一致

  distressing adj.使人痛苦的,令人苦恼的F段

  indicative adj.指示的,象征的,暗示的

  disinhibition n.抑制解除

  distraction n.分散注意力的事,使人分心的事

  sustaining adj.持续的,支持的

  persistence n.坚持,坚持不懈

  screen out 筛选出

  G段

  isolate v.使隔离,使孤立,单独考虑,区别看待

  strategy n.策略

  construction n.建筑物,建设

  thorough adj.彻底的

  undiagnosed adj.未确诊的

  penetrate v.进入,穿过,穿透,渗入

  optimum adj.最优的,最佳的,最适宜的

  investigation n.调查,审查H段

  embark on 着手:开始做

  barrier n.障碍

  consultation n.咨询

  objective n.目标

  I段

  formulate v.形成,构想

  imperative adj.必要的

  standard n.标准

  promulgate v.公布,颁布,宣扬

  考题精解

  Questions 1-6

  题型:段落信息配对题MATCHING

  解析:该题型是雅思阅读中的五星级难题,即乱序,出题思路点也很繁杂,所以尽管它通常为文章之后的第一个题型,但是在解答阅读套题时,建议考生最后再解决它。

  1.

  定位词/关键词a national policy initiative

  原文定位H段第—句The New Zealand Government has developed a New Zealand Disability Strategy and has embarked on a wide-ranging consultation process.

  题解根据H段第一句以及后文对该策略的具体介绍,可知题干中的a national policy initiative是同义替换原文中的 a New Zealand Disability Strategy。

  答案H

  2.

  定位词/关键词a global team effort

  原文定位C段第三句The International Institute of Noise Control Engineering(I-INCE) ... has established an international working party ... to evaluate noise and reverberation control for school rooms.

  题解该句提到了an international working party,题干中的global是international的同义转换。

  答案C

  3.

  定位词/关键词classroom noise

  原文定位B段第—句A preliminary study in New Zealand has shown that classroom noise presents a major concern for teachers and pupils.

  题解题干中的classroom noise是原文原词,可以快速定位并解答。

  答案B

  4.

  定位词/关键词worldwide regulations

  原文定位I段最后—句It is imperative that the needs of these children are taken into account in the setting of appropriate international standards to be promulgated in future.

  题解题干中的 worldwide regulations 同义替换该句中的 international standards。

  答案I

  5.

  定位词/关键词a list of medical conditions

  原文定位D段第一句的后半句话those with a disability that affects their processing of speech and verbal communication could be extremely vulnerable以及第二句的The auditory function deficits in question include hearing impairment, autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit disorders (ADD/ADHD).

  题解题干中的place some children more at risk对应第一句中的extremely vulnerable, a list of medical conditions对应第二句中的hearing impairment, ASD和ADD/ADHD。

  答案D

  6.

  定位词/关键词the estimated proportion

  原文定位A段最后—句The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from research carried out over two decades that 6—10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss.

  题解该句中的百分比6-10%即为题干中所提到的the estimated proportion。其余各段都没有提到百分数。

  答案A

  Questions 7-10

  题型:简答题SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

  解析:该题型是雅思阅读中的传统题型,属于顺序题型,多考查原文细节,难度系数中等。

  7.

  定位词/关键词period of time, hearing loss, New Zealand

  原文定位A段最后—句The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from research carried out over two decades that 6-10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss.

  题解题干中的New Zealand及hearing loss都为原文原词,可以快速定位。该问题问到了听力损伤在新西兰的研究时间,原文中的over two decades即是答案点。再结合题目要求不超过两个单词,可以确定答案为two decades。

  答案two decades

  8.

  定位词/关键词machinery noise, other type of noise, autism

  原文定位E段第六句Those experiencing these disorders often find sounds such as crowd noise and the noise generated by machinery painful and distressing.

  题解题干中的machinery noise对应该句中的the noise generated by machinery, 原文中and连接两个并列成分,因此另外一种噪音类型是crowd noise。该题需要考生具有快速定位细节的能力。

  答案crowd(noise)

  9.

  定位词/关键词what term, not been diagnosed

  原文定位G段倒数第二句It is probable that many undiagnosed children exist in the education system with ‘invisible’ disabilities.

  题解题干中的not been diagnosed同义替换该句中的undiagnosed,句中的‘invisible’ disabilities是用来描述尚未确诊的孩子的术语。

  答案invisible(disabilities/disability)

  10.

  定位词/关键词New Zealand Disability Strategy, equal opportunity

  原文定位H段第三句Objective 3 of the New Zealand Disability Strategy is to ... by improving education so that all children, youth learners and adult learners will have equal opportunities to learn and develop within their already existing local school.

  题解题干中的New Zealand Disability Strategy在H段的第一句以及第三句均有提到,第三句中提到了该战略的Objective 3是要给各类学习者平等的机会。

  答案invisible(disabilities/disability)

  Questions 11 and 12

  题型:多选题MULTIPLE CHOICE

  解析:该题型是雅思阅读中选择题中的非常考题型,通常可以归为顺序题型方向,多考查原文细节,难度系数中等。

  11&,12.

  定位词/关键词factors, classroom noise, two

  原文定位B段第二句Modem teaching practices, the organisation of desks in the classroom, poor classroom acoustics, and mechanical means of ventilation such as air-conditioning units all contribute to the number of children unable to comprehend the teacher's voice.

  题解快速浏览该句子可知A项的current teaching methods同义替换原句中的modern teaching practices, C项中的cooling systems同义替换原文中的air-conditioning units。

  答案A,C

  Question 13

  题型:单选题MULTIPLE CHOICE

  解析:该题型是雅思阅读中选择题中的常考题型,属于典型的顺序题型,多考查原文细节,难度系数中等。

  13.

  定位词/关键词overall purpose

  原文定位I段第四句和第五句Only limited attention appears to have been given to those students experiencing the other disabilities involving auditory function deficit. It is imperative that the needs of these children are taken into account in the setting of appropriate international standards to be promulgated in future.

  题解题干overall purpose问到作者写这篇文章的目的,而科学研究话题一般都是在文章尾段才会谈论研究的结论,所以我们应当更多地关注文章的结尾段。第四句和第五句中,作者呼吁人们多关注患有听力障碍的学生。

  答案C

  剑9阅读难句解析

  1. While the detrimental effects of noise in classroom situations are not limited to children experiencing disability, those with a disability that affects their processing of speech and verbal communication could be extremely vulnerable.

  解析:while引导让步状语从句,表示“尽管,即使”,句中的are not limited to意为“不局限于” ,experiencing disability是动名词短语作后置定语,修饰children, with a disability是介词短语作后置定语,修饰代词those,that引导定语从句,修饰先行词disability。

  参考翻译:虽然教室噪音的不利影响不仅仅局限于残障儿童,但那些患有语音处理和口头沟通障碍的儿童会极其易受影响。

  2. Children experiencing an auditory function deficit can often find speech and communication very difficult to isolate and process when set against high levels of background noise.

  解析:Children can find speech and communication difficult to isolate and process 是句子的主干,其中用到了“find +宾语+宾补”的复合结构,意为“觉得某事……”,experiencing ...是动名词短语作后置定语,修饰children,when set against是“连词+分词”的结构,句中省略了they are。

  参考翻译:在面对高强度的背景噪音时,患有听觉功能损伤的孩子往往很难分离和处理语言及沟通。

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思阅读hearing impairment文章解析”的相关内容,希望对大家备考雅思口语考试有帮助,也预祝各位考生顺利在雅思口语考试中拿下高分。


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