在雅思阅读备考的过程中,大部分同学都会选择利用剑桥系列的真题来进行复习,一方面能了解出题的情况,另一方面也能提高自己的阅读水平。下面小编为大家整理了Stepwells雅思阅读答案,供大家进行学习!

  Unique to this region, stepwells are often

  architecturally complex and vary widely in size and shape. During their heyday, they were places of gathering, of leisure and relaxation and of worship for villagers of all but the lowest classes. Most

  stepwells are found dotted round the desert areas of Gujarat (where they are called vav) and Rajasthan (where they are called baori), while a few also survive inDelhi. Some were located in or near villages as public spaces for the community others were positioned beside roads as resting places for travellers.

  (The function of Stepwell for diff people, where are they)

  As their name suggests, stepwellscomprise a series of stone steps descending from ground level to the

  water source (normally an underground aquifer) as it recedes following the rains. When the water level was high, the user needed only to descend a few steps to reach it when it was low, several levels would have to be negotiated.

  (Structure of Stepwells)

  Some wells are vast, open craters with hundreds of steps paving each sloping side, often in tiers. Others are more elaborate, with long stepped passages leading to the water via several storeys. Built from stone and supported by pillars, they also included pavilions that sheltered visitors from the relentless heat. But perhaps the most impressive features are the intricate decorative sculptures that embellish manystepwells, showing activities from fighting and dancing to everyday acts such as women combing their hair or churning butter.

  (Description of different kind of stepwells)

  Down the centuries, thousands of wells were

  constructed throughout north-western India, but the majority have now fallen into disuse many are derelict and dry as groundwater has been diverted for industrial use and the wells no longer reach the

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  water table. Their condition hasn't been helped by recent dry spells southern Rajasthan suffered an eight-year drought between 1996 and 2004.

  (The reason for being derelict)

  However, some important sites in Gujarat have

  recently undergone major restoration, and the state government announced in June last year that it plans to restore the stepwells throughout the state.

  (Opposite Fact introduction of sites restoration)

  In Patan, the state's ancient capital, the stepwell of Rani Ki Vav (Queen's Stepwell) is perhaps the Finest current example. It was built by Queen Udayamati during the late 11th century, but became silted up following a Flood during the 13th century. But the Archaeological Survey of India began restoring it in the 1960s, and today it is in pristine condition. At 65 metres long, 20 metres wide and 27 metres deep, Rani Ki Vav features 500 sculptures carved into niches throughout the monument. Incredibly in January 2001, this ancient structure survived an earthquake that measured 7. 6 on the Richter scale.

  (Restoration Example of Rani Ki Vav and its decription)

  Another example is the Surya Kund in Modhera, northern Gujarat, next to the Sun Temple, built by King Bhima I in 1026 to honour the sun god Surya. It actually resembles a tank (kund means reservoir or pond) rather than a well, but displays the hallmarks ofstepwell architecture, including four sides of steps that descend to the bottom in a stunning geometrical formation. The terraces house 108 small, intricately carved shrines between the sets of steps.

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