雅思阅读考试中,经常会出现同义词替换的考点,今天小编为大家总结了雅思阅读同义替换常见的三类,那么雅思阅读同义替换常见的三类有哪些呢?这三类分别是词与词的替换、句与句的替换、词与句的替换,我们一起来详细的了解一下。

  一. 词与词的替换

  1. 同义词反义词替换

  1)名词: picture/image; (剑九 Test3 Passage3 )

  argument/debate(剑九Test3 Passage1)

  2)动词: Consult/ask advice of;

  recognise/perceive(剑九Test1 Passage1)

  3)形容词: global/international/worldwide(剑九Test2 Passage1);

  different/distinct(剑九Test2 Passage3 )

  4)副词: Instantly/immediately/promptly (剑九 Test1 Passage2)

  5)介词: Around/nearby/in the vicinity of(剑九 Test3 Passage2)

  6)反义词:dissatisfied/not satisfied(剑九 Test4 Passage2)

  2. 词序转换

  1)形容词前置定语→后置定语

  machinery noise/noise generated by machine(generated是现在分词作后置定语); (剑九Test2 Passage1)

  2)AB→B of A:

  翻译时从of 后往前翻译,例如:

  grammar rules/rules of grammar; 语法规则

  Signal strength/ strength of the signal 信号强度(剑九Test3 Passage3)

  3. 否定词替换

  具有否定意义的词与not,no, never等词的意义相通: 在题干中是下面四项的某一项,而在原文中只是一个否定词。

  1) Fail to do没有做成某事

  2) Lack 没有足够的某物 (剑九Test4 Passage3)

  3) Impossible 没有可能 ( 剑九Test4 Passage1 )

  4) pointless/not make sense没有意义(剑九Test2 Passage2)

  4. 词性转换

  词性转换:同一词根的各种词性的转换,在原文里是形容词,在题干里可能是其名词形式。例如“

  close/closure;

  possible/possibility (剑九Test3 Passage2)

  5. 泛指特指替换

  National policy/ New Zealand strategy (剑九 Test2 Passage1);

  scientists/NASA experts; (剑九Test3 Passage3)

  二. 词与句的替换

  — 时间状语→时间状语从句: From her childhood/when she was a child

  (剑九Test4 Passage1)

  — 定语→定语从句Undiagnosed children/children which have not been diagnosed剑九Test2 Passage1 )

  三. 句与句的替换

  语态替换—主动被动的替换:

  Marie took over the teaching position/she was appointed to the professorship

  同义句型替换—

  …is important/it is important that ; The aspects of self-awareness is difficult to research directly/Empirical investigation of the self-as-subject are rather scarce;

  can never be/it is impossible to do…(剑九Test4 passage2)

  It is worth looking at one or two aspects of the way a mother behaves towards her baby.

  It is useful to observe several features of how a mother acts when she is with her small child. (剑六 Test4 Passage2)

  句子关系替换 if …/…unless; because/It is … that

  以上是小编为大家分享的“雅思阅读同义替换常见的三类有哪些”的全部内容,希望可以为大家备考雅思带来一些帮助,更多精彩内容敬请关注智课网!

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  雅思阅读长难句超详细解析

  雅思阅读长难句,雅思阅读

  在雅思阅读备考中,很多考生认为长难句是一大难关,不知道怎么理解长难句,今天小编为大家准备的是雅思阅读长难句超详细解析,希望能帮助到各位考生理解长难句分析的方法,接下来我们就来学习一下怎么分析长难句。

  就拿这个长难句为例:

  So don't worry if you have some idea of what your results will tell you before you even begin to collect data; there are no scientists in existence who really wait until they have all the evidence in front of them before they try to work out what it might possibly mean.

  刚开始看到这个句子的时候,我们会觉得这个句子很散,不知道这个句子想要表达什么意思。这时,我们不要急,慢慢划分句子成分,把一个句子拆分成几个小部分,理解了之后再整合在一起,这样我们就会发现,我们的思路越来越清晰,这个句子也没有看起来那么难以理解了。通过分析我们可以发现,这个句子是并列复合句,所以我们可以先把这个句子分成两个部分进行理解,小编这里分成了并列句1和并列句2,然后再进行进一步分析。

  1. 拆分子句:

  并列句 1:So don't worry.

  状语从句 1:If you have some idea of something.

  宾语从句 1:What your results will tell you.

  状语从句 2:Before you even begin to collect data.

  拆分之后我们可以发现:

  并列句1的意思是:

  所以,甚至在你开始收集资料之前,如果你对数据的结果有一些想法,也不用担心。

  并列句 2:There are no scientists in existence.

  定语从句:Scientists really wait.

  状语从句 3:Until they have all the evidence in front of them.

  状语从句 4:Before they try to work out something.

  宾语从句 2:What it might possibly mean.

  并列句2的意思是:

  并没有哪一个科学家是真的一直等到所有的证据都摆放在面前,才试着研究数据可能存在的含义。

  2. 划分成分

  并列句 1:So [连接词] don't worry. [谓语]

  连接词:IF

  状语从句 1:You [主语] have [谓语] some idea [宾语] of something. [定语]

  连接词:WHAT

  宾语从句 1:What [宾语] your results [主语] will tell [谓语] you. [间接宾语]

  连接词:BEFORE

  状语从句 2:You [主语] even [状语] begin [谓语] to collect data. [宾语]

  并列句 2:There [表语] are [系动词] no scientists [主语] in existence. [定语]

  连接词:WHO

  定语从句:Scientists [主语] really [状语] wait. [谓语]

  连接词:UNTIL

  状语从句 3:They [主语] have [谓语] all the evidence [宾语] in front of them. [宾语补足语]

  连接词:BEFORE

  状语从句 4:They [主语] try to work out [谓语] something. [宾语]

  连接词:WHAT

  宾语从句 2:What [宾语] it [主语] might possibly mean. [谓语]

  3. 全句翻译

  所以,甚至在你开始收集资料之前,如果你对数据的结果有一些想法,也不用担心;并没有哪一个科学家是真的一直等到所有的证据都摆放在面前,才试着研究数据可能存在的含义。

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思阅读长难句超详细解析”的相关内容,希望为大家提供一些帮助,在这里小编预祝各位考生在雅思考试中顺利拿到自己的理想分数。


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