举例论证是最有利于增强论述的可靠性与说服力的方法,同时,也是考官建议考生使用的。在雅思考题下方总会有这样一句话:“Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.”

  1. 常见表达方式

  ① 关联词


  关联词:as a proof, as an illustration, as an example, for example, for instance, in particular, just as, namely, specifically, to illustrate, to demonstrate.

  ② 句型


  句型:A good case in point is that ….

  A typical example can be found in ….

  Take … for example.

  …, which may include ….

  2. 使用注意事项

  ① 选择典型的例子


  ② 议论列举的例子


  ③ 控制例子的字数


  3. 范例评析

  剑桥雅思考试全真试题6 Test B 考官范文选段

  Even when children use a computer for other purposes, such as getting information or emailing friends, it is no substitute for human interaction. Spending time with other children and sharing non-virtual experiences is an important part of a child’s development that cannot be provided by a computer.

  点评:考官这段对“使用电脑给孩子带来危害”的议论,用“such as”直接引出使用电脑的目的“getting information or emailing friends”。并且在举例的同时就评价说“it is no substitute for human interaction”,使用电脑与他人交流不能代替面对面的互动。并且进一步议论说“Spending time with other children and sharing non-virtual experiences”,在真实的环境而非虚拟的环境与同伴相处是孩子成长所必须的,电脑无法胜任。正所谓,举例言简意赅,议论及时深刻。



  1. 常见表达方式

  ① 关联词


  关联词:therefore, hence, thus, as a result, consequently, interestingly, fortunately, unfortunately, surprisingly, unsurprisingly.

  ② 句型


  句型: Due to/ owing to/ because of /thanks to…, …

  As /since/because…, …

  The reason why … is that …

  … be related/linked to …

  … be associated/connected with …

  … contribute to/ give rise to …

  2. 使用注意事项

  ① 主观与客观相结合


  ② 积极与消极相结合


  3. 范例评析

  剑桥雅思考试全真试题6 Test 2 考官范文选段

  Those who feel that sports star’s salaries are justified might argue that the number of professionals with real talent is very few, and the money is recognition of the skills and dedication a person needs to be successful. Competition is constant and a player is tested every time they perform in their relatively short career. The pressure from the media is intense and there is little privacy out of the spotlight. So all of these factors may justify the huge earnings.

  点评:考官从体育奇才数量少“The number of professionals with real talent is very few”, 竞争强度大“Competition is constant”, 训练时间长“A player is tested every time”, 体育生涯短“relatively short career”, 媒体关注度高、压力大“the pressure from the media”, 隐私基本得不到保护“little privacy out of the spotlight”多方面论证“体育明星的高收入是合理的”。正所谓,分析原因层层深入,得出结论水到渠成。



  1. 常见表达方式

  ① 关联词

  In contrast, by comparison, on the other hand, just as, similarly

  ② 句型

  Compared with …, …

  While/whereas…, …

  ③ 形容词的比较级


  2. 范例评析

  剑桥雅思考试全真试题8 Test 2

  题目:Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.


  However, learning to understand and share the value system of a whole society cannot be achieved just in the home. Once a child goes to school, they are entering a wider community where teachers and peers will have just as much influence as their parents do at home. At school, children will experience working and living with people from whole variety of backgrounds for the wider society. This experience should teach them how to cooperate with each other and how to contribute to the life of their community.

  点评:这道题的主题为“孩子社会意识的教育与培养是靠家庭还是靠学校”。考官在论证学校的教育义务时,着重强调了:相比较家庭,“teachers and peers will have just as much influence as their parents do at home”。学校中的老师和同学对孩子社会意识的培养有相同的影响力。而且,在学校相比较在家,“experience working and living with people from whole variety of backgrounds for the wider society”。孩子接触的世界更大,人的类型更多。正所谓,公正合理两方面,对比论证出真知





  1. 常见表达方式

  According to a recent study, according to a recent article published in …, according to a recent survey conducted by…,

  A recent study/survey found that…

  A recent opinion poll revealed that …

  2. 范例评析

  剑桥雅思考试全真试题5 Test4

  题目: Research indicates that the characteristics we are born with have much more influence on our personality and development than any experiences we may have in our life. Which do you consider to be the major influence?


  Today the way we consider human psychology and mental development is heavily influenced by the genetic sciences. Research, relating to identical twins, has highlightedhow significant inherited characteristics can be for an individual’s life.




  1. 常见表达方式

  It can be concluded that …

  It is little wondering that…

  There is no exaggeration that …

  It is logical to conclude that …

  It is no exaggeration to say that …

  2. 范例评析

  剑桥雅思考试全真试题6 Test B

  题目: Using a computer every day can have more negative than positive effects on young children. Do you agree or disagree?


  In spite of this, the obvious benefits of computer skills for young children cannot be denied. Their adult world will be changing constantly in terms of technology and the Internet is the key to all the knowledge and information available in the world today. Therefore, it is important that children learn at an early age to use the equipment enthusiastically and with confidence as they will need these skills throughout their studies and working lives.

  点评:这道考题要求考生对“孩子每天使用电脑是否利大于弊”展开讨论。考官在指出使用电脑能够帮助孩子了解更多知识,适应未来成人社会的生活后,在最后一句把前文的话换了种句型又说了一遍。“Therefore, it is important that children learn at an early age to use the equipment enthusiastically and with confidence as they will need these skills throughout their studies and working lives.” 由此可见,即使是考官在需要强调或总结的时候,也会对段落小结一下。正所谓,总结论证放心用,应急时候是帮手。