1.add more information (补充信息)
as well as
another reason is
2.time phrases (表达时间的词组)
at the moment
in the past
at that time
when I was younger
3.express ideas (表达个人的观点)
I guess it's because
the main reason is
it was caused by
I suppose the best way to deal with this problem is
I reckon the only answer is to...
the best way to solve this is...
4.being clear (解释清楚)
what I mean is
what I want to say is
as I was saying
5.contrasting and concessions (转折词)
on the other hand
Examples of linking words in speaking 口语中连接词使用正确示范
Q. Do you eat much fruit?
A. Yes, I do. I love tropical fruit like mangoes and pineapples.
(We would not use “for example” in this type of sentence which relates to our everyday life.)
Q. Do you think fast food is bad?
A. yes, I do. If it is eaten too often, it can cause problems such as heart disease or diabetes. Also, it can lead to weight problems which are really common nowadays.
(You could use “such as” or “for example” in this sentence because the content is more serious. Please note that we don’t use “furthermore” or “in addition” for speaking, instead we use “also” or “and”.)
(我们可以在这个句子中使用“such as”或“for example”，因为其更为正式。并且，我们在口语中不使用“furthermore”或者“in addition”，而使用“also”或“and”。)
Q. Do children play similar games today that they played in the past?
A. No, I don’t think they do. Before, children used to play simple games like hide and seek or they used to play with simple handmade toys. But, these days, kids tend to prefer computer games and their toys are battery operated.
(This answer contained time phrases for the past and present “before” and “these days”. It also had an example “like”. “Like” is the main example linking word for speaking and can be repeated again and again. This answer also uses a contrasting linking word “but”. “But” is the main contrasting linking word in speaking and can be repeated many times.)
Mistakes with linking words in speaking口语中连接词使用错误示范
Q. Do you like going out with friends?
A. Yes, I do. Firstly, it gives me a chance to relax. Secondly, I can catch up on their news. Last but not least, it allows me the opportunity to visit new places.
(The method of linking is too formal. It’s inappropriate and is not a good for a high score.)
See below what the answer should be:
A. Yes, I do. It’s great being able to chill out and catch up with their news. Also we often go out to new places which I really enjoy.
(This answer was more natural and would be marked higher in IELTS speaking. The linking words are used appropriately)
Tips for linking devices in IELTS speaking雅思口语连接技巧
Don’t use formal linking words for simple questions about yourself and your life.
Don’t worry about repeating linking words. This is different to IELTS writing.
The most common linking words for speaking are: and, but, because, also, like(for giving examples)
最常见的雅思口语连接词有：and, but, because, also, like等。
“Like” is only used as a linking word to give examples in speaking NOT in writing.