在雅思写作小作文考试中,折线图是高频考试题型。今天小编为大家分享的是雅思英语折线图作文范例,包括解题的思路、常用的句型、参考的范文等等,想通过雅思英语折线图作文范例的学习,大家能收获一些高分的技巧。

  修饰上升或下降动词的副词:

  程度剧烈的,幅度大的:dramatically/enormously/remarkably/strikingly/significantly/markedly/noticeably/considerably

  程度微小的,幅度小的:

  moderately/slightly/slowly/minimally/narrowly

  (2)描述变化趋势时,为使语言多变、丰富,可采用以下方法:

  (1)词性转换

  e.g.:The number of the patients reduced slightly to 3 cases on the 30th of December.

  ---------The patients' number had a slight reduction to 3 cases on the 30th of December.

  (2)词汇替换

  e.g.:After an one-hour remarkable growth from 3 p.m.....

  ---------growing singnificantly from 3 p.m.

  The passengers in London subway rapidly reached a maximum amount.

  ---------The passengers in London subway swiftly arrived at a climax

  (3)句式做些调整、变化

  A. subject+verb+adverb

  e.g.:Production of timber declined rapidly from 1989 to 1995.

  B. There+be+a+adjective+noun+in+noun

  e.g.:There was a rapid decine in production of timber from 1989 to 1995

  词汇、句型有了初步的了解后,接下来我们看看段落的组织,也就是谋篇布局。我们以剑桥5上的一篇考官范文为例予以讲解。

  剑5-Test1 Writting Task1

  The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

  Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

  考官范文:

  导入部分 The graph shows the increase in the ageing population in Japan, Sweden and the USA. It indicates that the percentage of elerly people in all three countries is expected to increase to almost 25% of the respective populations by the year 2040.

  导入部分由两句组成,即:导入句和概括句

  导入句,用来介绍图表反映的是什么内容,或呈现的是什么主题。将导入句导入,能让读者有大体印象,了解到文章要将什么内容;概括句,运用数据来概括整个图表,例如说明折线图总的走势,饼状图各块的比例分布等特点。

  导入句写作的方法:一般采取词汇替换和句式替换对题目进行转述(paraphrase)。

  例如:题目描述:

  The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

  词汇替换:

  The line graph below illustrates the percentage of ageing population in Japan, Sweden and USA between 1940 and 2040.

  句式替换:

  The graph shows the increase in the ageing population in Japan, Sweden and the USA.

  词汇的替换较简单,容易掌握,并可很快能在自己的写作中加以运用。句式的替换就需要在对整个图表完全看懂的基础上,灵活运用句型才行。

  概括句需要抓住图表的宏观信息,并用1-2句话加以概括。

  这篇范文在概括句中仅仅呈现了折线图在2040年的一个预测趋势---三个国家到2040年的老年人口比例都预计达到25%。因此概括句的写法没有定式,要随图表的不同加以灵活应对。

  主体部分

  In 1940 the proportion of people aged 65 or more stood at only 5% in Japan, approximately 7% in Sweden and 9% in the US. However, while the figures for the Western countries grew to about 15% in around 1990, the figure for Japan dipped to only 2.5% for much of this period, before rising to almost 5% again at the present time.

  大多数情况下,主体段落写一段即可。但如果图表内容过于复杂,或者题目本身是由几个图表混合而成的,往往按照信息描述的需要,将主体段落分成两段或三段。

  主体段落是用来描述细节信息、显示重要差异和做关联数据对比的,因此,在这个段落中,准确而清楚的呈现重要数据或其他重要信息非常重要。

  本篇范文主要就1940年3个国家的不同比例加以说明,并对变化趋势中的2个转折点加以描述,1990年西方国家老年人口比例上升到15%,而日本却在1990年降到2.5%,并且在以后相当长一段时间内保持这一比例。

  因此,在主体部分对图表信息的解读就显得很重要了。

  结论部分

  In spite of some fluctuation in the expected percentages, the proportion of older people will probably continue to increase in the next two decades in the three countires. A more dramatic rise is predicted between 2030 and 2040 in Japan, by which time it is thought that the proportion of elderly people will be similar in the three countries.

  结论部分主要是用一到两个句子对图表的总的特征做出概括,往往不运用数字对整个图表做总结性概括

  以上是小编为大家分享的雅思英语折线图作文范例,希望能为大家提供一些参考,同时小编也预祝各位考生在备考中结合有效的练习,熟练的掌握雅思折线图的答题要点。


展开显示全文