雅思写作考试中,大作文对于考生来说难度更大,考题范围比较广泛,而且考试题目和题型也比较灵活,其中雅思大作文双边讨论题是一个重点题型,那么雅思大作文双边讨论题怎么写呢?接下来我们来看看写作的方法。

  在首段中,我们要写出三个部分,分别是:Lead-in sentence (引入现象/话题),Public opinion(转述题目中的观点),Thesis statement(文章中心思想)

  Example

  Air transport is increasingly used to export fruits and vegetables to countries where they cannot be grown or are out of season. Some people say this is a good thing while other people think it cannot be justified. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  背景句:

  套句:主语从句

  The specific issue of …/ The issue of whether…

  has aroused the public's great concern.

  has triggered a fierce argument.

  has sparked a heated debate.

  has generated a controversial discussion.

  背景句:

  The issue of whether exporting fruits and vegetable by means of air transport is conducive to the society is of great concern to the public.

  背景句赏析:

  1) The issue of ________ has triggered / aroused a new round of heated debate in recent years.

  2) There is a heated discussion nowadays over the issue of __________ .

  3) The discussion about _________ has aroused general concern in recent times.

  4) The issue of _________ has been brought into focus recently.

  5) The issue of whether + 议题陈述 + is of great interest to the general public.

  6) The past few decades have seen a considerable increase in __________ .

  7) These days/ Nowadays, it seems that _________________.

  Public opinions 常用句型:

  1) Some claim / assert / deem / maintain / suggest that __________.

  2) It is suggested that _________.

  3) Some people maintain that it is better for ___ to do __________.

  4) Yet, there remains some disagreement as to whether ______ or ____.

  5) There crops up a social dilemma/ambivalence over the issue that___.

  表示"认为"--- insist , maintain , argue , consider , deem , reckon ,

  declare , profess , assert , advocate , pronounce , harbor , hold , possess

  表示"看法"--- view, standpoint , perception , argument …

  改写原题:

  Some people argue that exporting food benefits people in both exporting and importing countries, while others claim that air freight poses a serious threat to environment.

  Sentence 3 :Thesis Statement

  在讨论类和观点类文章中,第三句话有两种写法:

  一种是阐明自己的立场;

  同意(单边倒)、反对(侧重一边)、中立(双方面)

  另一种是不阐明自己的立场,只是简单说文章会讨论什么内容.

  范文赏析:

  The issue of whether exporting fruits and vegetable by means

  of air transport is conducive to the society is of great concern to the public. Some people argue that exporting food benefit people in both exporting and importing countries, while others claim that air freight pose a serious threat to environment. To my mind, people will become a major beneficiary from such trade if they can develop environmental-friendly fuel for air transport.

  雅思写作双边讨论文章应该怎么写

  一,何为“折衷观点”和“折衷方案”

  很多雅思写作考题的提问方式都是“Do you agree or disagree?”或者“To what extent do you agree or disagree?”。很多刚刚接触雅思考试的学生甚至是老师认为对于这种提问方式无非就是yes或no两种答案,所以文章的观点也就只能是同意或者不同意了。其实,对于这类提问,也可以采用“折衷”的观点,即“partly agree,partly disagree”(部分同意,部分不同意)。但是前提是一定要在文章中从支持和反对的两方面都阐述一些理由,而且最好再提出一种“折衷”方案。

  例如,考题问“现在很多人用动物做试验,你同意吗?”,考生可以在文中分别讨论支持和反对动物试验的理由,最后提出动物试验既有好处也有坏处,这就是一种“折衷”观点。除此之外,作者还提出了是否能用动物来做试验主要是取决于试验是否能给人类生活带来显著的改善(比如帮助人类发明治疗Aids的药物),这就属于“折衷”方案。

  二,“折衷观点”和“折衷方案”的几种形式

  那么如何提出“折衷观点”呢?“折衷方案”又有哪几种形式呢?下面笔者将对常见的几种安排折衷观点和折衷方案的形式,结合相应的考题进行总结。

  (1)兴利除弊

  “兴利除弊”应该是一种比较简单的折衷方案,在优缺点类文章中特别常用。即在分析完考题所涉及事物的优缺点之后,在结尾段提出“优缺点都有,我们要兴利除弊”这样的折衷方案。例如以下考题:

  The advantages brought by the spread of English as a “global language” will outweigh the disadvantages. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view?

  在讨论完英语作为全球性语言的利与弊之后,结尾段可以这样提出折衷观点:

  To sum up, it is difficult to tell whether or not the advantages outweigh the disadvantages regarding the spread of English as a global language. What we may have to consider is how to accept this trend as positive while at the same time staying away from its drawbacks.

  (2)平衡发展

  很多考题需要考生讨论两种观点,通常会有“discuss both views and give your own opinion”这样的提问要求。很多情况下,文中说到的两种观点表面上看来是完全相反,但其实并不矛盾,可以用“平衡发展”的思路来提出观点。例如考题:

  Some people think that cultural traditions may be destroyed when they are used as money-making attractions aimed at tourists. Others believe it is the only way to save these traditions. Discuss on both sides and give your opinion.

  在讨论完发展旅游的必要性和保护文化传统的重要性之后,结尾段可以这样提出折衷方案:

  We should find the right balance between tourism development and cultural protection and I believe the government has a very important role to play here. In my own country, for example, many tourist cities have made effective development plans to successfully attract large numbers of visitors while still preserving their distinct cultural traditions.

  (3) 取决于……

  有时在讨论完A和B两种观点以后,可以提出类似于“同意A还是B要取决于……”这样的折衷观点,前文讲到的动物试验是否可以进行取决于试验的性质就是属于这样的方案。再比如下面这个例子:

  Some people think that the animals should be treated as pets; others think that animals are sources of food and clothing. What is your opinion?

  在讨论完动物当宠物养的理由和动物当食物吃的理由之后,结尾段可以这样提出观点:

  From my point of view, there is no absolute answer as to whether animals should be treated like pets or as sources of food and clothes. It largely depends on what kinds of animals they are. But what remains undoubted is that we should treat animals with a humane attitude and bear in mind that they are important in preserving nature’s ecological equilibrium.

  (4)解决方法

  很多双边讨论型文章中所讨论的两种观点其实是可以通过某种方案来“化解矛盾”的,例如这道考题:

  In many countries, good schools and medical facilities are available only in cities. Some people think new teachers and doctors should wok in rural areas for a few years, but others think everyone should be free to choose where they work. Discuss and give your own opinion.

  在讨论完“支边”的利(缩小城乡差距)与弊(年轻人丧失自由)之后,我们可以提出这样一种解决方案:

  The best solution, therefore, is not to order, but to encourage. We should instill a sense of responsibility in young people and give more incentives to those who are willing to work in difficult areas, so that we can address the problem of urban-rural disparity while respecting whatever decisions new teachers or doctors have made.

  雅思大作文双边讨论类双问题类文章框架

  在辩论型题目中,考生通常会采用单边支持型或者双边讨论型两种方式。通过高分范文以及雅思考官范文分析来看,大多数时候双边讨论类还是使用频率比较高的一种方式。

  辩论型题目通常问法:

  1.To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

  2.Discuss both these views and give your own opinions.

  3.To what extent do the benefits outweigh the drawbacks?

  4.What is your opinion?

  在答题的时候,我们应该从正反两方面去考虑分析问题,而不是单纯的同意或者不同意,从单一角度去考虑,这样会比较客观。具体每种问法的答题思路我们在直播课程中会为大家以例题形式详细解答。

  以上是小编为大家分享的雅思大作文双边讨论题答题的方法,希望能帮助到各位考生熟悉这类题型的解题思路,在备考中也更有针对性的去进行练习,帮助我们在考试中熟练答题。


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