例如剑四 Test2 Passage2 Alternative medicine in Australia:
Question 14 and 15
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 14 and 15 on your answer sheet.
14.Traditionally, how have Australian doctors differed from doctors in many Western countries?
A. They have worked closely with pharmaceutical companies.
B. They have often worked alongside other therapists.
C. They have been reluctant to accept alternative therapists.
D. They have regularly prescribed alternative remedies.
15. In 1990, Americans
A. were prescribed more herbal medicines than in previous years.
B. consulted alternative therapists more often than doctors.
C. spent more on natural therapies than orthodox medicines.
D. made more complaints about doctors than in previous years.
分析14题的题干，其定位词应为Australian doctors, differ from, doctors in many Western countries, 通过定位词则很容易将这道题目定位到第一段第一句话。
15题的定位词则更明显，1990, Americans, 定位到文章第一段的最后一句话。
如：According to the reading passage, which of the following is true? 像这样的题目只能通过从选项中挑出关键词然后去原文中定位。
A. more herbal medicines
B. consulted alternative therapists
C. spent more on natural therapies
D. more complaints
回原文读相关段落确定答案，正确答案常常是原文相关词句的同义改写。通过前两步标定位词和关键词可大致确定题目出自哪个段落，接下来就需要读原文某段或者某几句话，通过对比关键词和原文来确定答案。如上文中第14题，原文中的表达为…having a very conservative attitude to natural or alternative therapies, 通过conservativeattitude(保守的态度)一词可推出正确答案为C,对应reluctant(不情愿的)。
28. The writer was surprised because the blind woman
A. drew a circle on her own initiative.
B. did not understand what a wheel look like.
C. included a symbol representing movement.
D. was the first person to use lines of motion.
From a number of recent studies, it has become clear that blind people can appreciate the use of outlines and perspectives to describe the arrangement of objects and other surfaces in space. But pictures are more than literal representations. This fact was drawn to my attention dramatically when a blind woman in one of my investigations decided on her own initiative to draw a wheel as it was spinning. To show this motion, she traced a curve inside the circle (Fig. 1). I was taken aback. Lines of motion, such as the one she used, are a very recent invention in the history of illustration. Indeed, as art scholar David Kunzle notes, Wilhelm Busch, a trend-setting nineteenth-century cartoonist, used virtually no motion lines in his popular figures until about 1877.
分析：A选项几乎与原文一样(…a blind woman….decided on her own initiative to draw a wheel), 但是往下读会发现，作者吃惊的原因并不是因为盲人妇女自己画了一个圈，而是因为为了显示这种运动，她又在圈里面画了一个曲线(to show this motion, she traced a curve inside the circle)。正确选项C与原文形成同义转换：included—traced, representing—show, movement—motion. 此方法对于基础较为薄弱，对原文意思较难理解的同学比较适合，可以通过排除，提高正确选项的概率。
WhichTHREE of the following statements are true of Johnson’s Dictionary?
A. It avoided all scholarly words.
B. It was the only English dictionary in general use for 200 years.
C. It was famous because of the large number of people involved.
D. It focused mainly on language from contemporary texts.
E. There was a time limit for its completion.
F. It ignored work done by previous dictionary writers.
G. It took into account subtleties of meaning.
H. Its definitions were famous for their originality.
分析：选项A和B中包含绝对词(all, the only), 因此是干扰选项的概率比较大，考生去原文中寻找并未发现此类绝对的描述，所以可以排除掉。