1. Some people believe that women should play an equal role as men in a country’s police force or military force, while others think women are not suitable for these jobs. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Since the awakening of female consciousness, it can be continuously observed that an increasing number of women has actively engaged in diversified positions and earned their saying in various employment domains. Under such a social context, however, there are still many people claiming that it is not appropriate for women to be hired in police and military force, which I hardly agree with.
Compared with the male, admittedly, women are in short of stamina, whilst plenty of jobs in police and military force usually impose great demands on physical strengths, hence in emergent or even dangerous situations, such as in wars or in fights against robbers or drug dealers, it is indeed of considerable difficulty for the female to perfectly fulfill their tasks. Women, whose typical role is depicted as delicate and vulnerable protégé, are hard to win trust from the public. The innate risks and duties of such jobs should always be given top priority before gender difference is debated.
The aforementioned problem, nonetheless, can be remedied under the assistance from modern technological progress. The invention of multifarious devices, namely computers, vehicles and other mechanical equipment, has already saved human beings from countless manual works. Consequently, considerable previous jobs that were once regarded as unsuitable for women now can be easily accomplished by the female. After the strength gap is filled up, the claim that women are not competent in police and military jobs is a mere stereotyped prejudice.
What is more, the nature of police and military jobs shall never be restricted in those high-risk or stamina-demanded areas. Tons of jobs in the two domains naturally require highly meticulous, patient and pressure-resistant characteristics, which are more widely revealed in women rather than men. For example, investigators, analysts and inspectors, who undoubtedly contribute to the regular operation and problem-solving tasks in police and military, are undertaken by more women since they can better fulfill their duties with cautiousness and patience. Hence it is far from rational to overlook specific requirements on women in the two so-called male domains.
In my opinion, although women are naturally inferior in physical strength, with helps from modern technological improvement, together under demands from certain job features, women have already, and will continue playing an equal role in police and military.
2. Some people think the best way to reduce the time travelling to work is to replace the parks and gardens in city centres with apartment buildings for commuters but others disagree. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Currently, there arouses a much-debated issue that what is the best approach to shorten the commuting time for which people have different views.
Some people hold the view that if the parks and gardens in downtown are replaced with apartment buildings where commuters can live, then these employees can save much time on commuting, as most companies are located in city centres. This view is based on the assumption that these workers are able to have access to the city centre-located apartments. However, since these buildings are located in downtown, they are usually more expensive, and therefore most commuters may have difficulties affording the rent and utility bills. Consequently, even if the gardens and parks are substituted by residential areas, most employees may not choose to move in.
Besides this reason, for those who disapprove of this policy, they may think there are a wide range of causes for longer commuting time, except for living far from companies. For example, the possible causes may be the poor urban transportation planning or city planning which intensify traffic congestion in rush hour. If a city’s threshold problem of longer traffic time is resulted from these reasons other than scarce of apartment buildings in city centre, the problem will probably not be solved by the recommendation.
As for me, I take issue with the former view of the topic. On the condition that the true reason for longer commuting time is left unknown, there is not a so called “best solution.” Even if it is attributed to the lack of residential areas, employees may find it difficult to pay for the rent of apartments in city centres.
3. Some people think that schools should stop teaching students by using books, because students find them boring and that children can learn from films, TV, video games and computer instead. To what extent do you agree?
Nowadays, the voice of replacing book with films, TV, video games and computer in class is getting louder and louder as many argue that books today are easy to lose attention from students and make classes boring in the face of multimedia, which I disagree. It’s true that the introduction of multimedia to teaching makes the class more attractive, but it doesn’t mean that the books lost their place in class.
Why? Because books and multimedia serve as different ways to enlighten children, that is, while the text and illustrations of books can present ampler knowledge and the logic behind it, multimedia means are only taken to enhance students’ memory of knowledge by either vivid animated scenes or the interaction between man and machine in modern classroom. And if the use of books is stopped in school, it would be also a pity that the children then might lose the chance pick up ability to comprehend knowledge and concepts by simply the written statement of it that leaves greater room to train children in imagination and pick up the skills of wording and writing during it along the way. What’s more, study as a self-driven process towards self-achievement should not always be just “fun” as it requires persistence and time, and it should be a good thing to teach by books as it allows the students to be immersed in the lines of words rather than distracted by other things in multimedia.
All in all, traditional as it is, teaching by books is still the best way to arrive the best learning effect and will keep on functioning in conveying knowledge clearly and logically into students’ mind.