在雅思阅读备考中,很多考生认为阅读长难句是一大难点,那么怎么理解阅读长难句呢?今天小编为大家带来的是剑桥雅思阅读长难句分析内容,大家可以学习一下,希望能帮助各位考生掌握分析的方法,我们一起来学习一下吧!

  1、名词性从句:可以在复合句中担当主语、宾语、表语、同位语和介词宾语等成分,所以可以细分为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。常见的名词性从句的连词有三类:1、在句中不做成分的连词——that、whether、if、as if和as though;2. 链接代词——what/whatever、which/whichever、who/whoever、whom/whomever和whose/whosever;3、 连接副词——when/whenever、where/wherever、how/however、why。给大家举个例子吧:

  It will never be known how and when this numeration ability developed, but it is certain that numeration was well developed by the time (that) humans had formed even permanent settlements. (剑 6 Test 2 passage 3)

  句子结构分析:主语是it,指代后面的由两个特殊疑问词how and when引导的主语从句,谓语是will never be known,but表转折,第二个it作形式主语,指代后面的that主语从句,系动词是is,表语是certain。humans had formed…在这个句子是省略了that的定语从句,修饰the time。

  2、定语从句:定语从句是雅思阅读中非常常见的一类句型,分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。一般绝大多数定语从句都是限制性定语从句。定语从句的关系词有:who、whom、that、whose、which、when、where、why等。大家可以看个例子:

  Given that there is a living to be made at night, and given that alternative daytime trades are thoroughly occupied, natural selection has favoured bats that make a go of the night-hunting trade.

  (剑7 Test 4 Passage 1)

  句子结构分析:Given that考虑到,作状语,第一个that引导there be宾语从句,第二个that引导主系表结构的从句,主句是natural selection has favoured bats…,第三个that引导定语从句修饰bats。

  3、状语从句:常见的状语从句有时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句、条件状语从句、让步状语从句、方式状语从句和比较状语从句。常用的连接词有when、where、because、since、if、whether、although、even if等。

  例如:The simultaneous production of masses of bamboo seeds in some cases lying 12 to 15 centimeters deep on the ground)is more than all the seed-eating animals(that) can cope with at the time, so that some seeds escape being eaten and grow up to form the next generation (Evans 1976). (剑 5 Test 4 Passage 3)

  句子结构分析:这句话的主语The simultaneous production of masses of bamboo seeds比较长,含有两个of短语,系动词是is,表语是一个比较结构,在animals can之间是一个少了that的定语从句,so that 引导结果状语从句。

  4、 并列复合句:并列复合句大概可以分为并列关系、转折关系、选择关系、因果关系这四类。常见的连接词有and、but、however、so、or、for、nevertheless、not only…but also…、neither…nor…、both…and...等。比如:

  Cheap labour may make Chinese clothing competitive in America, but if delays in shipment tie up working capital and cause winter coats to arrive in spring, trade may lose its advantages. (剑 6 Test 1 Passage 2)

  句子结构分析:这句话是由but连接的两个并列句,表转折关系,可以拆分为:

  a. Cheap labour may make Chinese clothing competitive in America.

  主语是Cheap labour,谓语是may make,宾语是Chinese clothing,宾补是competitive,状语是in America。

  b. But if delays in shipment tie up working capital and cause winter coats to arrive in spring, trade may lose its advantages.

  But并列连接词,表转折。这句话的主语trade,谓语是may lose,宾语是its advantages, if引导条件状语从句,从句主语是delays(in shipment),谓语是由and连接的连个并列成分tie up and cause,宾语分别是working capital、winter coats。

  5、 一些其他特殊句型:特殊句式常见的有省略、强调、插入、倒装等。这些句型考察的语法点大有不同。比如说:插入语

  Experiments showed that, in fact, facial vision is nothing to do with touch or the front of the face, although the sensation may be referred to the front of the face, like the referred pain in a phantom limb.

  (剑7 Test 4 Passage 1)

  句子结构分析:主句是Experiments showed that…,that引导宾语从句,in fact做插入语,although引导让步状语从句。

  以上是小编为大家带来的剑桥雅思阅读长难句分析内容,希望能帮助大家掌握阅读长难句的分析方法,在考试中通过准确的理解帮助我们提高答题的正确率。


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