在雅思阅读考试中题型比较多,很多考生不知道重点复习哪些题型。今天小编为大家介绍雅思阅读heading题以及雅思阅读heading题解题方法, 希望大家通过练习进行掌握,帮助同学们提升做题效率和正确率。

  雅思阅读heading题解题方法介绍

  Heading(标题选择)是雅思阅读中唯?一个主观性较强的题?,它并不属于细节,而是对?文章段落论点以及含义的概括。这种情况下,对段落结构的理解就很显得很重要了。雅思大多数文章都是以议论,说明文为主。所以我们先来看看这类文章的主要结构有哪些

  1.argument(论点)— explanation(解释)/examples(例证)—conclusion(总结)/ foreshadow(预告下一段)

  example:language, moreover, is a very public behavior, so it is easy for different usage to be noted and criticized. No part of society behavior is exempt: linguistic factors influence how we judge personality , intelligence ,social status, educational standards, job aptitude, and many other areas of identity and social survival. As a result, it is easy to hurt, and to be hurt, when language use is unfeelingly attacked

  大家可以看到,上面这一段例子中,第一句:“语言是一种公共行为”和第二句:“社会里的所有行为都收到语言的影响”这两句之间并没有逻辑的转折,反而是一种论证关系。所以,我们可以清楚的确定一二句就是这一段的中心思想。

  2. Pavement(铺垫)— argument(论点) — explanation/example(论证) — conclusion/detail/foreshadow

  example:June 2004’s transit of Venus was thus more of an astronomical spectacle than a scientifically important event. But such transits have paved the way for what might prove to be one of the most vital breakthroughs in the cosmos — detecting Earth-sized planets orbiting other stars.

  第二类结构和第一类最大的差异在于,文章的第一句话为铺垫句,并非本段的核心论点。大家注意到第二句话中出现了but转折词,这表明这段和重点在转折句后。

  3. Pavements(铺垫)— examples/explanations(例证)— arguments/conclusion (论点)

  example:It could be claimed that in order to make everything in heritage more ‘real’, historical accuracy must be increasingly altered. For example, Pithecanthropus erects is depicted in an Indonesian museum with Malay facial features, because this corresponds to public perceptions. Similarly, in the Museum of Natural History in Washington, Neanderthal man is shown making a dominant gesture to his wife. Such presentations tell us more about contemporary perceptions of the world than about our ancestors.

  第三类结构的核心在于例证出现在论点前面,所以大家在做题的时候一定要注意例子前后都有可能是这一段的核心论点

  由以上结构分析,我们可以明确以下在做题时的方法:

  1.段落主旨可以是第?一句,第二句,第三句,或者最后一句,不要永远只看第一句和最后 一句,这很有可能是陷阱。

  2. 注意段落中的转折词(however, but ,on the contrary, although, yet, nevertheless, inspire of , despite etc) ,这很有可能就是铺垫局向论点转变的信号

  3. 一些情况下,某些表达也是铺垫句的指示标志,例如:some people believe, it was widely claimed, many people think, in the past, previously ... etc

  4. 当有明确例证指示词(for example, sth is a good example....) 时,例子的前后都要看,都有可能是论点。

  5 选项中出现段落中的一些信息:例如数字,年月,?写,一般不考虑是正确答案,因为选项只是提到 例子,没有总结段落核心论点

  6 当你不确定自?的选择是否正确时,可以在脑中想想如果你的选项是正确的,那么这一 段应该如何来写。

  以上是小编为大家分享的雅思阅读heading题解题方法,接下来就需要我们结合练习进行掌握了,希望能帮助大家在雅思阅读考试中取得一个满意的成绩。


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