在雅思阅读考题选项中,经常会出现关于同义词或者近义词替换的考点。如果考生对文章的理解不够,或者对句子的理解不够,就很可能选错答案。今天小编为大家带来了雅思阅读同义替换考点讲解内容,希望能给同学们带来帮助。

  雅思阅读的文章涵盖范围非常广,复杂的专业知识及学科词汇让很多同学头疼,而同义替换更是让学生们无从下笔。今天我们就雅思阅读里的判断题来把握一下雅思阅读的同义替换,培养替换意识。

  我们今天就以剑12的几篇阅读的判断题进行讲解,希望大家能积累一些地同义替换意识,掌握做题方法,更快更好的解题。

  例:剑12T6P2Q21. Bingham went to South America in search of an Inca City

  根据专有名词Inca city我们定位到His goal was to locate the remains of a city called Vitcos, the last capital of the Inca civilization.

  题干中in search of搜寻,介词短语做状语修饰went,表示目的,即Bingham去南美的目的是为了搜寻印加城市。而文章中说his goal,他的目标,对应目的,他的目的是为了定位印加城市,因此选对。这道题就是介词短语做目的状语和表目的的goal进行了同义替换。

  C12T8P1Q9. In 1887,HM Ashley had the fastest bottle-producing machine that existed at the time.

  我们定位到From 1887 onwards, glass making developed from traditional mouth-blowing to a semi-automatic process, after factory-owner HM Ashley introduced a machine capable of producing 200 bottles per hour in Castleford, Yorkshire, England- more than three times quicker than any previous production method.

  我们发现题干中说是fastest bottle-producing machine即最快的制造瓶子的机器,而对应到文章three times quicker than any previous production method比之前所有的制造方法都快了不止三倍。即文章中的fast和quick进行了同义替换,虽然在程度上题干是最高级,文章用的比较级,但是原文是和之前的所有进行对比,因此依然选对。

  C12T5P2Q25. Someone who collects unusual object may want others to think he or she is also unusual.

  我们定位到conscious or not, for what someone chooses to collect is to show the collector’s individualism. Someone who decides to collect something as unexpected as dog collars, for instance, may be conveying their belief that they must be interesting themselves.

  我们发现题干中说收集不寻常物品的人可能希望别人认为他们unusual不同寻常。而文中说收集者所收集的物品显示了收集者自身的个性。题干中unusual objects和文中unexpected dog collars进行替换,而第二个unusual和文中的individualism是同义替换,因此选对。

  重点词、词组:

  Remain:遗迹

  Civilization:文明

  Exist:存在;实际上有

  Onwards:从(某时)起一直

  semi-automatic:半自动的

  capable:有能力;有才能

  conscious:意识到;注意到

  individualism:个性;独特的气质

  convey: 表达,传递(思想、感情等)

  previous:先前的;以往的

  以上是小编为大家分享的雅思阅读同义替换考点讲解内容,希望各位考生能结合有效的练习掌握雅思阅读同义替换考点,帮助我们在考试中能轻松应对这一类考题。


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