1. Many people aim to achieve the balance between their work and life. But few people achieve it. What are the cause of the problems? How to overcome it?
Frequent over-time and long work shifts are just some out of numerous occupation-related problems encountered by most working people at present. To strike a desirable balance between occupational achievement and life satisfaction, in result, has literally become a luxurious dream to the contemporary majority.
Such a phenomenon is mainly triggered by the joint-force between the increasing work pressure and after-work life concerns. Being an employee is still a mainstream today, yet hardly can most avoid a by-product-higher expectations from their employers-accompanying the increasing career opportunities. Distinguished job performance is highly valued by modern enterprises, which often results in fierce competitions between colleagues within an organization or in the labour market. In order to win a promotion chance or simply to keep a rewarding job, for instance, staff might be forced to face a dilemma between over-time and spending time on parenting or recreations. Even for the self-employed people and entrepreneurs, the nature of their occupational positions does not necessarily guarantee less workload. Instead, a significant amount of time and energy has to be invested into managing a healthy social circle with their business partners or frequent business trips for market expansion to name but two. As a consequence, whether sufficient time can be preserved for accompanying family might be beyond their control
Despite the current worrisome situation, some measures can actually be taken to ameliorate it practically and psychologically. To begin with, promoting working at home or flexible work schedule could be a feasible approach. In this way, a more reasonable timetable can be made by both employees and employers to meet the needs of accomplishing occupational tasks well and on time and accompanying family members at the same time. What is more, it is not suggested that individuals should set goals way beyond their true abilities. Ambition can be a potent driving force at work, yet it should not be overlooked that high hope for eminent career achievements and unrealistic objectives might only burden a person mentally and physically. Conversely, except for being self-motivated, how to seek a moderate level of self-content so much so that more time can be set aside for truly enjoying hobbies and enriching life experience is also worth consideration.
In summary, it must be stressed that our life should not be merely about work. An ultimate work-and-life equilibrium is not unachievable as long as one's occupational pursuits are objective associated with his or her sound time management.
2. Some parents give their children everything that their children ask for or they want to do. Is this good for children? What could be consequences for these children when they grow up?
It is true that all parents tend to spoil their children as a natural sign of showing love. Nevertheless, the negative effects of over-spoiling in childhood can well last into adulthood.
While there is nothing wrong with showing a great deal of love to children, over-indulgence is definitely not good for children. As a matter of fact, parenting is about loving children without spoiling them, which means that parents have to reinforce good discipline in their children. Without good discipline, children would never know what self-control is. Unfortunately, too often things go the other way. That may explain why spoiled children are on the rise in modern society as many parents give their children everything that they want to have or they want to do in order to please them.
The spoiled children are likely to grow up to be unhappy and unpleasant adults. They may feel unhappy when they are not allowed to fulfill their wishes immediately. Also, they would turn into unpleasant grown-ups for being narcissistic, believing that they deserve “special” treatment without having to follow rules in social situations. When they grow up, then, the over spoiled children will find it hard to cope with the real world and end up either isolated or antisocial. That is why we can always trace back the drug takers and criminals to their family background where they were excessively spoiled children.
In conclusion, spoiling is bad for children because it can really hurt their long-term development. Spoiling children is easy, for it is always done in the name of love, but it will be really hard to repair their broken adulthood.
3. The restoration of old buildings in major cities in the world costs numerous government's expenditure. This money should be used in new housing and road development. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Every city has old buildings. Every year the governments around the world spend large sums of money restoring them. Some people consider this a huge waste of money and they believe the governments’ budget should go to building new houses and roads, while others insist that the restoration of old buildings in cities is well worth the money.
There are a host of reasons why some urban old buildings should not be restored. To start with, the old buildings are no longer suitable for people to live in, therefore they should be destroyed and give way to new buildings so that people, especially young people in the cities have more living spaces. Secondly, the old buildings can cause inconveniences for the city dwellers. Since there is not a direct route through the old buildings, people sometimes have to go to and off work by making a long detour around them, and in this way much of their time is wasted. Finally, the old buildings may give rise to safety problems. More than 100 people, for example, are killed or injured each year in my city, just because of the collapse of some ancient buildings.
Yet old buildings, at least some of them, are significant historically and culturally, and hence should be restored for that reason. They carry some important messages about the city or even the whole nation. The Summer Palace, for instance, is a perfect reminder of how the imperial family in the Qing Dynasty in feudal China were living and so has great cultural significance. Such old buildings, if well preserved, can become tourist spots and attract thousands of visitors from around the globe.
We all need a memory of our past. Many old buildings do have historical and cultural value which tells us who we were. We need to take good care of these buildings and keep them as long as possible, however much money it may involve, so that they can tell the stories of the city or the nation to our future generations. Of course, the money squandered on those old buildings with little value should be used to solve more practical problems such as housing and traffic.