雅思写作备考中我们除了需要积累词汇和句子之外还需要注意语法的正确性,今天小编为大家总结了雅思写作必备语法,大家可以通过练习进行掌握。在考试中我们的写作一定不能出现严重的语法错误,不然会直接影响到我们的分数。

  1雅思常用语法时态

  雅思写作常用时态:一般现在时,现在进行时,现在完成时,一般将来时

  1.一般现在时:表示通常性、规律性、习惯性、真理性的状态或者动作:谓语动词用第三人称单数

  例如:

  ① 打工对一个人的将来的事业有深远的影响。(过去现在未来都有影响,客观,单数)

  Taking part-time jobs exerts profound impacts on one’s future career.

  ② 国际旅游业促进经济发展。(过去现在未来都促进,客观,单数)

  International tourism promotes the economic development.

  2.现在进行时:表示正在进行的动作或存在的状态。现在进行时表示动作发生的时间是“现在”,

  表示逐渐的过程

  is developing rapidly/dramatically.

  3.现在完成时:1.表示结果和影响,一般表示变化大,发展了 2. 表示过去的动作或状态持续到现在

  注意常用搭配:In recent years, In the past decades…

  例如:

  ① 最近几十年期间,世界发生了巨大的改变。

  In the past decades, dramatic changes have taken place in the world.

  ② 最近几年,科技极大的改变了人们的生活。

  In recent years, technology has reshaped people’s life.

  ③ 犯罪率已经急剧上升了。

  The crime rate has increased sharply.

  4.一般将来时:表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态:will do

  例如:

  电脑将会在教育过程中起越来越关键的作用,但是它们绝对不能在教室中取代老师的地位。

  Computers will play an increasingly critical role in education, but it is not possiblethat they could replace teachers in the classroom. / but it is impossible for them to replace teachers in the classroom.

  在了解了雅思基础语法之后,我们来看雅思写作中有哪些常见必备的句型,除了简单句,考生们还需要运用哪些高分句型来博得考官好感?

  雅思写作必备句型2:简单句

  1.简单句:主流句型,主要结构会使用,足矣!

  (1).主谓(宾, 可有可无)

  例如:

  人们在这个问题上的观点不一样。

  People have different views on this question.

  People’s ideas vary / differ on this issue.

  (2).主系表

  例如:

  ① 代沟是我们现在所面临的问题。

  Generation gap is a problem that we are confronted with.

  Generation gap is now a problem we have to face.

  ② 环境问题是现代社会中一个严重的问题

  The environmental problem is a serious problem in modern society.

  切记:不能出现没有谓语,或者双谓语的情况,否则分数不会高于5分!

  2.并列句:既然叫并列,那就是连接两个句子。说明连接词前后的两个句子都要有谓语!

  And, but, or

  both…and…,

  not only…but also…,

  neither…nor…,

  either…or…

  可以并列主语,谓语,宾语,状语(并列的两个部分词性和结构要相同)

  ① 主语 + 谓语 + by either doing A or doing B 通过A方法或者B方法,….可以得到…

  ② 主语 + 谓语 + by not only doing A, but more importantly / seriously, doing B

  ③ 主语 + 谓语 + not only in terms of A, but more importantly / seriously, in terms of B 不止在A方面,更重要/严重的是,在B方面

  例如:

  ① 很多小孩被溺爱,不但在关心和照顾方面,而且,更严重的是,在物质方面。

  Most children are spoilt, not only in terms of care and attention, but more seriously, material ways.

  ② 通过鼓励学生穿精心设计的校服或者引导他们参加一些能体现出团队精神的活动,学生的行为可以得到逐步的改善

  Students’ behaviors can be improved by either encouraging students to wear well-designed uniforms or guiding them to participate in activities which reveal the spirit of team work.

  ③ 肥胖症可以减轻,方法是不但要养成良好的饮食习惯,更重要的是要多做运动,比如慢跑,跳绳等等。

  Obesity can be relieved by not only forming good dietary / eating habits, but more importantly taking more exercises, such as jogging and rope skipping.

  雅思写作必备句型3:复杂句

  1.宾语从句:宾语由句子充当,连接词可以省略。

  表述观点:

  认为: insist, maintain, hold, suggest, argue, believe

  支持: favor, propose, support, agree, advocate, be for, be in favor of

  反对: object, oppose, be against

  Some people do believe that...

  Some people are fully convinced that...

  Some people assert that...

  Some people deem that...

  Some people argue that...

  Some people claim that...

  Some people doubt that...

  Some people deny that...

  2.主语从句:

  (1).It is suggested in the graph that…+ 句子

  It is reported that / estimated that / proved that...

  It is well-known / generally accepted / universally acknowledged that...

  以上that不能省略

  (2).Whether S+V is a controversial issue.

  Whether we should make effort to / endeavor to preserve endangered species is …

  Whether we should do…depends on whether S+V

  例如:

  我们能否成功取决于我们能否坚持。

  Whether we will succeed depends on whether we persist.

  (3). What we should do is to do….

  We should protect animals.

  改写: What we should pay attention to / emphasize / stress is to do...

  例如:

  老师应该强调的是告诉学生多练习

  What teachers should emphasize is to tell students to practice more.

  3. 主语从句+表语从句: What we are faced with is that …

  例如:

  我们面临的是自然资源的枯竭

  What we are faced with is the depletion of natural resources

  4. 表语从句:is that + 完整句子 ( that不能省略 )

  例如:

  ① 我的第一个理由是,学术课程经历了时间的考验而且代表了古老文化的精华。

  My first reason is that academic courses withstand the test of time and represent the essence of ancient cultures.

  ② 在教育中使用电脑的一个优点是,他们能够最大程度上丰富传统的教学方法。

  One advantage of the application of computers in education is that they can enrich the traditional teaching methods to a great extent.

  5.同位语从句:

  常用:the fact / idea / belief / proposal / effort that + 句子 that 不能省

  Be based on the belief that...

  From the above discussion, we can safely draw the conclusion that…

  There is no evidence that…

  例如:

  ① 政府不应该忽视这样的事实,囚禁罪犯最起码是对受害者的安慰。

  The government should not be blind to the fact that imprisonment of criminals is the comfort to the victims at the very least.

  ② 大学生应该承担全部学费,基于这样的一种普遍认识,那就是,大学生通常比没有学位的人赚钱多很多。

  University students should bear total expenses for their tuition on the generalization that university students usually earn much more than people without a degree.

  以上是小编为大家分享的雅思写作必备语法总结内容,希望大家结合练习进行掌握,方便我们在考试中更加灵活的进行的答题。


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