雅思阅读备考中,很多考生认为雅思阅读长难句比较难,而且在学习的过程中也是困难重重。今天小编为大家总结了雅思阅读长难句大全-常考句型,大家可以参考一下,详细的长难句解析希望能帮助大家更好的理解和掌握分析的方法。

  倒装句

  1.倒装句最常见的就是以only为首的句型,这种倒装句也会相对简单一点。

  中文:写美国母亲的书很多,只是最近的文学才开始关注父亲的角色。

  英文:Although numerous books have been written about American mothers, only recently has literature focused on the role of a father.

  结构分析:第二个分句由于把only放在句首以强调recently,所以使用了倒装语序。主句的正常语序应为literature has only recently focused on the role of a father.

  2.以never, little, often, not only, not until, hardly, scarcely等词引导的句子。

  中文:我们不仅需要使纸张能被收废纸的人得到.而且纸张需要被分成不同的类别。

  英文:Not only do we need to make the paper available to collectors but it also needs to be separated into different types.

  结构分析:not only位于句首,引起前面的句子倒装。正常的语序是we need to make the paper available to collectors;

  3.so/as或neither/nor引导的句子

  The average air temperature at the surface of the earth has risen this century, as has the temperature of ocean surface waters.

  4.某些让步状语从句

  In addition, difficult as it is to believe, there are desert fishes that can survive through years of drought in the form of inactive eggs.

  而且,尽管令人难以置信,还是有沙淇鱼类能以非活性卵的形态幸免于多年的干旱。

  句子中as(= although/though,“尽管”;“虽然”)所引导的是让步状语从句。实际上.difficult as it is to believe= Although/Though it is difficult to believe.

  定语从句

  中文:利益是需要.渴望.关注.恐俱.一个人关心或想要的东西。

  英文:Interests are needs, desires, concerns, fears一the things one cares about or wants.

  结构分析:one cares about or wants是the things的定语从句。这个句子相对来说还是比较简单的,但其实复杂句也是一样的。

  中文:另一个基于利益的过程叫做调解,在调解中一个第三方帮助冲突者,即在冲突中的双方.达成一致。

  英文: Another interests based procedure is mediation, in which a third party assists the disputants, the two sides in the dispute, in reaching- agreement.

  in which引出的定语从句in which a third party assists the disputants, the two sides in the dispute, in reaching-agreement是对mediation的解释,在定语从句中,the two sides in the dispute是disputants的同位语,同时也是插人语结构。

  中文:在一个试验中,从6岁到22岁的实验对象看不同瞳孔大小的女性的脸的图画.并被要求从中选择更高兴的一个。

  英文:In one experiment, subjects aged 6 to 22 were shown drawings of female faces that had different sized pupils, and asked to choose the one which was "happier".

  全句主语是subjects,有两个并列谓语were shown和and asked,都是被动语态,that had different sized pupils是定语从句做drawings of female faces的定语,which was “happier”是定语从句做the one的定语,过去分词短语aged 6 to 22是subjects的后置定语。

  中文:贝斯.以色列医院为每一位病人指派一名责任护士.责任护士要与指派给她的病人做深度交谈,并对病人的身体状况做全面记录.内容包括从病史到病人情绪的一切事情。

  英文: At Beth Israel each patient is assigned to a primary nurse who visits at length with the patient and constructs a full-scale health account that covers everything from his medical history to his emotional state.

  主从复合句。主句为At Beth Israel each patient is assigned to a primary nurse; who引导的定语从句修饰nurse.其中两个谓语visit和construct由and连接;that引导的定语从句修饰account。

  以上是小编为大家分享的雅思阅读长难句大全-常考句型内容,希望各位考生在练习长难句的过程中要注意总结,这样我们才能慢慢摸索出分析的方法。


展开显示全文