1. As major cities around the world are growing fast and many problems occur. What are the problems that young people live in cities are caused by continued growth? What solutions do you suggest?
Currently, living in big cities, young people face many problems and difficulties. This essay will discuss the problems they encounter and then give some solutions.
To begin with, it is difficult for young adults to cover their living expenses. As is known, house prices in metropolises are so high that normal young people cannot afford to buy a house. Many of them have to rent a house for living temporarily, and sometimes if they do not ask help from their parents, they even cannot pay the rent. Therefore, due to the high living expenses in major cities, many young people often suffer huge economic pressure.
Furthermore, young adults face severe competition. Compared to villages and towns, cities can provide residents with more jobs, which attracts a lot of young people to work there. However, when many young people apply for the same position, enterprises will recruit the most excellent candidates while others have to seek other jobs. In other words, young adults in cities have to face more failure before they secure decent employment.
In order to tackle these issues, the authorities can provide young people with state housing. Then, young people do not need to worry about the expense of housing, which allows them to stay at cities longer and seek more opportunities. In addition, young people need to become more competitive if they intend to find decent jobs. Nowadays, employers focus on not only certificates but also working experience. Rich internship experience can assist young graduates to be hired by excellent enterprises with a higher possibility.
In sum, the problems young people encounter include a high price for housing and severe competition for jobs. It is necessary for governments to offer young people low-cost housing, and meanwhile, young people need to improve their knowledge and working experience before seeking jobs.
2. Some people think that it is more important to plant more trees in open area in towns and cities than build more housing. To what extend do agree or disagree?
With more migrants moving from rural areas to urban cities, a great many are struggling to find a place to dwell in and they demand for more accommodation supply to curb the ever rising house price. Meanwhile, local residents are complaining about the deterioration of community environment and city landscape so it is also very important to beautify the city with more trees and gardens. I think both are very important but government should lay more emphasis on housing supply.
If the government do not take firm action to build more homes there will be very worrying consequences for the economy and society. The direct impact will be a rise of housing price. Therefore many families can only live in rented apartment while bearing the fear of terminating the contract. For those who buy their houses with loan are usually leading a stressful live because of the long term debts. In this situation, only by providing with more accommodation can the housing market run in a healthy way.
Another important reason is that living in inadequate housing is likely to have a detrimental impact on residents’ physical and mental health. Hong Kong is a convincing example to this matter. A great many of residents are living in so-called “cage homes”, of which living spaces are usually less than 20 square meters. People living in these places are facing multiple housing-related problems, including poor ventilation, stressful relationships with neighbors and despite the poor quality accommodation, unaffordable rents.
Admittedly, planting more trees and parks is a part of city infrastructure, which helps to reduce carbon dioxide and provides a place for residents to enjoy natural scenery in metropolises. However, what we should keep in mind is that tax payer care more about core issues, such as housing supply, rather than visual enjoyment. When the demand for basic livelihood has been fulfilled, government can allocate more resources into environmental improvement.
To sum up, housing shortage is a more urgent matter that requires for more concern because it directly affect people’s living standard.
3. Once children start school, teachers have more influence on their intellectual and social development than parents do. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people believe that teachers are playing an essential role in developing children both socially and intellectually. However, I would argue that they are influenced by parents to a larger extent.
The main reason why school teachers may be seen as a decisive factor to children's growth is the longer hours the kids will spend with them. Since a child starts school, he or she will possibly spend the next 10 to 12 years with their teachers in different stages. Over the course of schooling, students' attitudes towards learning and thinking are mostly affected by their instructors. Moreover, a school is a miniature society where students will need to learn to cooperate, communicate and tolerate each other. It is the teachers’ guidance in interpersonal skills that enables these young learners to be socially adaptable individuals in the near future.
However, I share the ideas of those who believe that parents exert a greater impact on their children in those two aspects. Firstly, a child’s cognition and ability to judge are basically formed by the age of three - before they start school. In the most crucial informative years of the children, the formation of their personality traits is often a result of parenting. Secondly, parents do play a more influential role in educating their own children than school tutors. When a parent constantly reinforces their children the impression that old-fashioned values, such as hard-work, kindness and integrity are no longer important, these children are likely to fail both as a student in school and as a member of society.
To conclude, while I recognize that teachers have a great influence on the growth of children, I would assert that parenting is the key.