在雅思阅读考试中经常会出现匹配题,很多考生认为匹配题比较难,主要是因为匹配题没有明显的定位词,所以答题也会有一定难度。今天小编为大家分享一下雅思阅读句子匹配题解题分析,希望能帮助大家有效的备考。

  句子匹配题匹配双方没有明显的定位词,该题给出句子的前半句,要求根据原文选出后半句。为了平衡难度,句子匹配题通常为顺序出题,但是在个别情况(如题目个数较少)下,可能出现乱序的情况。句子匹配题的解题思路比较清晰,对考生的语言功底有一定的要求。下面我们通过一道剑七的真题(Makete Integrated Rural Transport Project)对句子匹配题的解题思路进行讲解。

  Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-J, below.

  Write the correct letter, A-J, in boxes 36-39 on your answer sheet.

  36 Construction of footbridges, steps and handrails

  37 Frequent breakdown of buses and trucks in Makete

  38 The improvement of secondary roads and paths

  39 The isolation of Makete for part of the year

  A provided the people of Makete with experience in running bus and

  truck services.

  B was especially successful in the northern part of the district.

  C differed from earlier phases in that the community became less

  actively involved.

  D improved paths used for transport up and down hillsides.

  E was no longer a problem once the roads had been improved.

  F cost less than locally made wheelbarrows.

  G was done only at the request of local people who were willing to lend

  a hand.

  H was at first considered by MIRTP to be affordable for the people of

  the district.

  I hindered attempts to make the existing transport services more

  efficient.

  J was thought to be the most important objective of Phase Ⅲ.

  在做题之前,我们可以首先根据上一个题的出题点,了解本题的出题范围。如果前一个题型考查的是文章的前半部分,则这道题考查的往往是后半部分。拿这道例题来说,由于上一题定位到本篇文章Section B的末尾,本题考查的应该是Section C之后的部分。但是也存在前一个题型考查的是全篇文章的情况,这时后一题很有可能也是考查全篇,那么从开头向后寻找出题点即可。

  确定题目的大概出题范围后,第二步要阅读题目,圈出每个题目的定位词(什么是定位词?参照本人的另一篇文章《定位词:雅思解题金钥匙》)。在该题中,题目定位词已用黑体字标出。

  下一步,根据定位词定位出题点所在句。36题根据“footbridges, steps and handrails”定位到Section C的“It made sense to improve the paths by building steps, handrails and footbridges”.

  此时,只需去掉句子中题干给出的信息,带着剩下的信息去选项中寻找。36题剩下的信息是“It made sense to improve the paths”。选项D中含有”improved paths” 这样的信息,D中剩下的信息”used for transport up and down hillsides”和原文定位句上一句“Most goods were transported along the paths that provide short-cuts up and down the hillsides”一致,因此本题选D。

  以上是小编为大家带来的雅思阅读句子匹配题内容,大家可以参考和学习一下。在备考中我们需要结合练习进行掌握,千万别停留在理论上。


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