Despite+n/ving = in spite of 尽管. (不能加句子)
Despite the fact that + 句子(太累赘)
Despite myself, … 情不自禁地…
Her words were so satirical(讽刺的)that I lost my temper in spite ofmyself。
2. Although(更书面)= though(更口语) =even if (即使，更偏假设性)=eventhough(虽然，更偏事实性)+句子
Devoted though we are to prosperity and freedom, we cannot shakeoff the judgmental strand of justice.用倒装
3. No matter how/what/who等= 疑问句+ever
No matter who/Whoever you are, you must keep the law.
Whoever(≠ no matter who)comes will be welcome.
4. …, as long as…
You can do what you want, as long as you like.
5. 名词/表语/动词+ as(though)倒装，。。。，表“纵使”
Object as/though you may, I’ll go。
Small as atoms are, they are made up of still smaller units。
Lover of towns as I am, I realize that I owe a debt to my earlycountry life.
6. Whether…or… 正反两方面，。。。表“不论。。。与否”
Whether you believe it or not, it's true.
You'll have to attend the ceremony whether you're free or busy.
7. Notwithstanding +sth尽管
But notwithstanding its ancient lineage, it is open to thefollowing challenge.
8. albeit 虽然即使
You are to be given one method of communication with your rival,albeit indirect communication.
9. Be原型+主语+表语(n, adj)= whether+主语+be动词+表语(n,adj)。不论。一文学性强的虚拟语气，表让步。
Be it historical tradition, faith and culture, or social system,values and level of development, those countries or regions areoften different from one another.
He attributed the opposition to a deep-seated attitude inmilitary.
The reason why+结果/ that+原因
Greed is the reason why they do not deserve the money.
Sth would explain why …
For this reason
Be due to
Owing to sth 介词
Owe to sth 动词
Account for=result in 表示导致
Systematic economic forces account for the disastrous loses.
Should law be neutral towards competing conceptions of virtue, sothat people can be free to choose for themselves the best way tolive?
To do sth,…
To answer it, we have to explore the meaning of justice.
In order to
In order to determine who deserves what, we have to determine whatvirtues are worthy of honor and reward.
Excessive greed is therefore a vice that a good society shoulddiscourage if it can.
This outcome will result in children starting bullying youngerones.
Once the age of reason is reached, children can be rewarded forgood behavior and discouraged from bad.
As we encounter new situations, we move back and forth between ourjudgement and principles, revising each in light of the other.
And yet we worry when judgments about virtue finds their way intolaws.
On the contrary
Rather than. 并不是并没有, 前后的词性一样
This policy might lead them to stay in harm’s way rather than fleeto safety.
Rather than press for maximum advantages, people look out for oneanother.
Instead, a just society respects each people’s freedom to choosehis or her own conception of the
They have sacrificed as surely, and as honorably, as those who havelost a limb.
The same as
Tourists find this park just the same as the one they visitedpreviously.
Ancient theories start with virtue while modern theories start withfreedom.
By contrast, 对比之下
The virtue argument, by contrast, rests on the judgment that greedis a vice that state should
On the other hand
In comparison with 介词
This essay will briefly review the cons and pros of imprisonment incomparison with job training.
In addition to sth,
In addition to outlining the causes of this problem, this essaywill also propose solutions.
The likes of 就像
Their purchases of necessities
like safe lodging are forced.
In some instances. 在某些情况中
…is a case in point. 正在点儿上，指例子可以很好地阐述这个观点
Here is a case where…指出例子
Here is a case where the economy as a whole seemed to outweighconsiderations of fairness.
If its price is higher, manufacturers will find it worth theirwhile to produce more goods.
In other words,
Prosperity matters, in other words, because it contributes to ourwelfare.
That is, that is to say
As well as
In terms of/ regarding/concerning/ talking about/speaking of/whenit comes to sth/as for/for
Some economists argued that the law was misconceived.
Some believed that the exchange of goods should be governed by ajust price.
I have to acknowledge that it has the advantage of highefficiency.
It is true that…but…用于承认一方后，强调另一方
Defenders of this law maintain that, under certain conditions, thefree market is not truly free.
Many people hold that government should be neutral on matters ofvirtue and vice.
Those who insist that only bleeding wounds should be count believethat …
The veteran’s group claimed that doing so would “debase” thehonor.
As he points out, buyers under duress have no freedom.
Be of the opinion that
I am of the opinion that car ownership should be discouraged.
From a personal point of view,..
From a personal point of view, it is essential to reducenon-essential travel.
My firm conviction is that punishment does not has much of a roleto play in this.
Some people favor abortion rights, and others consider abortion tobe murder.
Whereas some consider it an form of reverse discrimination againstpeople who deserve admission on their merits.
sb’s point is that…某人的意思是
Plato’s point is that to grasp the meaning of justice and thenature of the good life, we must rise above from the prejudices androutines of everyday life.