1.In many countries women are allowed to take maternity and leave from their jobs during the first month after giving birth. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Nowadays, maternity leave has been legislated in many countries for the purpose to ensure the health of pregnant women and new-born babies. However, the issue has both pros and cons, and it should not be judged one-sidedly.
The advantages are manifold. First of all, maternity leave is an imperative period of time for new mothers to recover from the delivery. Everybody knows that women suffer a lot from the pregnancy and the production. So it takes time for them to have a recovery. Additionally, a period of leave is a golden opportunity for mothers to carefully attend to babies. The new-born babies are so vulnerable that they need a delicate care, especially the mother’s love. Last but not least, the enterprises the new mothers work for also benefit from the practice. The generosity of employers by allowing maternity leave helps to build the loyalty of employees. The regain of energy after a period of rest will motivate the mother workers to provide better service for the enterprises.
However, there is no garden without weeds. The drawbacks of the issue cannot be ignored. On the downsides, the first problem is that many mothers, especially those who take managerial positions, may experience a decline of career development. Nowadays, the job description is more and more specific. Staying away from a job position for several months is likely to be a barrier to pursue a brighter career development. Besides, the practice is even more worrying for the enterprises. Likewise, when the occupancy of a position is simply limited to a person, the leave of the person will be a headache for the enterprises.
From what has been discussed above, I believe that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. As for the disadvantages, I think there are ways to reduce them. One of the ways is to introduce the telecommuting into the office. It can allow the new mothers to stay at home to recover and take care of babies, and in the meantime, the mothers can deal with some work issues as they are able to.
2.Some people think the qualities a person needs to become successful in today’s world cannot be learned at a university or similar academic institutions. To what extent do you agree or disagree.
Access to higher education has been regarded as the imperative way to achieve a successful life. However, it is claimed that colleges and universities can not offer the qualities a person needs to be truly successful. Personally, I think the idea is given without a careful thinking.
To begin with, tertiary education focuses on preparing individuals with productive capability by the development of knowledge and intelligence. Universities are organizations where knowledge is not only disseminated but also advanced. Therefore, universities provide learning conditions that encourage students to be knowledgeable and creative. In today’s job market, the competition for a job offer is fierce. Thick educational background is highly preferred by employers as it is a solid proof of a candidate’s professional competence.
In addition, the higher level of education one can complete, the more weapons he or she can be equipped with to reach success. It is so because completing increasingly advanced levels of education demonstrates that a person has the willingness to learn and apply what to learn to achieve goals. Other than training one in an expert field, a university trains one to build the abilities of analytical thinking, fast understanding and sophisticate communicating. Other crucial skills like organization, management and self-discipline are instilled from start to finish. In other words, university experience helps mold one into be more professionally skillful.
Admittedly, there is the likelihood for being successful without the experience of attending a university. Examples of the fact are not hard to find. Nevertheless, to most of people, the pursuit of a higher education is indispensable to the future success in today's world.
To sum up, the purpose of education is to develop one’s knowledge, intelligence and all essential qualities one needs before he or she steps into the road to success. In this sense, the better one prepares, the easier and quicker one reaches a successful end.
3.Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to problems, while others think celebrities make the problems less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
It is true that the question of how important the famous people's support towards international aid organizations is. While there are some people think that celebrities would make problems less appreciable, I argue that they could attract more attentions.
On the on hand, there is a variety of reasons why many people underestimate the famous people's effects associated with global aid campaigns. Firstly, there are some singers or actresses take part in international programs for the aim of exploiting without enthusiasm. Instead of raising funds and supporting strongly, they use these world organizations to attain their goals which enhance their reputations. Secondly, when the celebrities participate in these organizations, people would tend to concentrate on them much more than the objection of plans. This makes the purpose of the support go to eclipse.
On the other hand, I do believe that the famous have a great influence on the aid organizations. One reason is that they would take advantage of the well-known to spread the campaigns thoroughly thanks to a huge number of fans. Moreover, celebrities could hold many live shows or advertisements to raise money for funds and inspire to followers. For instance, My Tam is famous for not only having a great career but also taking philanthropic actions or charitable donations in Vietnam. Famous people are able to make the international fund more confident and public, therefore, the aid aims would become successful easily.
In conclusion, although there are some throwbacks when celebrities participate in the global aid organizations to some extent, it seems to me that it is more advantageous for the community by the famous people's support as well as their voluntary activities.