例句：People the world over have profited enormously(极大地)from the co-operation across national borders(边界)，in terms of both efficiency and flexibility ( the range of choices).
详解：近义句型:sth. is in the best interest of someone
2、A is an indispensable /integral part of B A是B不可缺少的一部分
例句：The Internet has become an indispensable part of modern life as it profoundly(深刻地) influences the way we live, work, co-operate and compete.
详解：近义句型:There is no substitute(替代物)for
3、is the cornerstone of…是……的基石
例句：In most modern countries，the family unit is still the cornerstone cf society.
详解：近义句型:is the bedrock of../is fundamental to..
4、enable sb. to do sth让某人可以去做……
例句：Computerisation and digitisation(数码化)enable factories to cut their production costs substantially(大幅度地).
详解：近义句型:equip sb with the ability to do sth
5、get accustomed to sth.适应……
例句：Due to the different cultural backgrounds, some international businesspeople have a hard time getting accustomed to the local way of marketing.
详解：近义句型:get used to / adapt to / adjust to
6、can utilise sth可以使用……=can use
例句：The current(现在的，目前的)problem for the government is how best to utilise resources it has now rather than how to increase its resources.
详解：近义句型:make use of sth/exploit sth
反义句型:squander ( money / time / opportunities / chances)浪费某事物
7、 strike a balance between A and B在A和B之间保持一种平衡
例句：Due to the increasing stress and the rising demand for their time at work, most married adults need learn to strike a balance between their work and their family
详解：近义句型 maintain a balance between.and
反义句型 lose/upset/disturb the balance between .and
8、assume / shoulder the responsibility for...承担起……的责任
例句：Educators should assume the responsibility for ensuring that their students do not go astray(误入歧途)academically, psychologically or socially.
详解：反义句型:shirk responsibility / duty逃避责任
go astray是教育话题的常用句型，类似的句型还有be misguided(受到误导)
9、sth. has been consolidating its status as the某事物在不断加固它作为··…的地位
例句：English has been consolidating its status as the dominant(占统治地位的)
language in the world，which has left many languages endangered.
详解：反义句型:lose its status as the.失去作为……的地位
例句：Those who have spent some time traveling to other places have a broader view oflife and better personal resources to draw on(剑桥例句)
1、... is accompanied by...某种好的现象伴随着某种坏的现象
例句：The staggering人的)advancement of technology is accompanied by severe
pollution of the ecosystem.
详解：近义句型is attended by
对比:is prior to..先于……发生
2、sth. is unwarranted/ unjustified某种做法很不合理
例句：The amount of money super stars can earn in a short time cannot possibly be justified by the amount of work they do.(剑桥例句)
详解：反义句型:sth. With is justified / justifiable某种做法是站得住脚的
例句：A host of(大量的)African countries are being afflicted with chronic(长期的)
poverty and lasting war.
详解：近义句型:suffer from / be plagued with
反义句型:be free from 免于遭受
4、deprive someone of sth.剥夺某人的(自由、权力或者某种生活方式)
例句：Modern cities deprive city-dwellers(城市居民)of fresh air and the comfortable pace of life.
详解：近义句型:violate one's rights /infringe on one's rights侵犯某人的权利
5、sth. impels sb. to..促使某人去……
例句：It is the increasing peer pressure(同辈间的压力)that impels many youngsters to start smoking or drinking at an early age.
详解：请注意上面例句中强调句It is... that…的使用
近义句型:prompt sb. to..
6、A has rendered A十B形容词或者名词A让B变成某种(让人担心的状态)
例句：The upgrade in the IT industry has rendered millions of old computers obsolete(过时的).
sth. useless / unprotected(受不到任何保护的)/ pointless(没有意义的)
7、 sth. is the root cause of...某事是……的根源
例句：The population explosion is the root cause of water scarcity(短缺)
详解：反义句型:On the surface，....is caused by...表面上，某事是由··…导致的
8、be confronted with sth.面对(某种负面的事物)
例句：We will be confronted with this question at some point, no matter how unpleasant it can be.
外媒体就写到:Tiger Woods is now confronted with trouble created by himself一all the news about his multiple affairs.
9、be inundated with sth.充斥着……
例句：International trade has rendered many markets in developing countries inundated with foreign products that they do not really need.
详解：近义句型:be saturated with sth
反义句型:lack sth./be deficient in sth.缺乏··…
10、If... , sth. will ensue如果.....(某种不好的结果)将产生
例句：If parents neglect(忽视) their offspring，lack of discipline(纪律)and respect will ensue
详解：近义句型:If..，sth. will arise(注意这里不是rise)