1. What's your favorite science subject? Why?
2. Do you think it's important to study science?
Describe a science subject / lesson you have learned in (high) school.
Science is such a vast subject matter that pretty much covers every aspect of our lives; so, everything you may ever learn or know may be included in the science vocabulary. In fact, the definition of science is "the state or fact of knowledge." Below are some specific scientific vocabulary words to get you started towards expanding your knowledge of some popular sciences.
Aerobiology – 空气生物学 (aero+biology)
The study of organic particles that are transported by the air. It is also branch of biology.
Amphibian – 两栖动物
a type of vertebrate that lives a portion of its life in water and another part on land.
Astronomy – 天文学
the scientific study of heavenly bodies
the blanket of gases surrounding the earth.
Bacteria – 细菌
one-celled living organisms. They have no nucleus in their cells
Biology – 生物学
the scientific study of living things
Botany – 植物学
the scientific study of plants
the scientific study of the heart
Carbon cycle – 碳循环
the constant exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen among living things
Carnivore – 食肉动物
an organism that eats other animals
Cell – 细胞
The smallest unit of living matter
The prevailing weather conditions of a region.
the scientific study of the skin
Earthquake – 地震
the shaking of the earth’s crust and mantle
Ecosystem – 生态系统
the group of living and non-living things in an environment.
a form of energy produced from the active energies of wind, water, oil, or coal.
Embryology – 胚胎学
the scientific study of embryos
Erosion – 侵蚀
the weathering away of rock pieces.
Evaporation - 蒸汽
The process by which a liquid changes into a gas
Evolution – 进化
a change in a population’s gene pool from one generation to another generation by such processes such as natural selection, mutation, and genetic drift.
Galaxy – 银河系
a collection of stars
Gravity – 重力
the pull of the earth
Geology – 地质学
the scientific study of the earth
Habitat – 栖息地
the place where an animal or plant resides and grows.
Hematology – 血液学
The scientific study of the blood
Herbivore – 食草动物
an organism that eats plants and other producers
Hibernate – 冬眠
to enter into a deep sleep or dormant condition during the winter
Humus – 腐殖质
a decayed animal or plant in the soil
Hurricane – 飓风
a large storm with a low pressure at its center
Immunology – 免疫学
the scientific study of the immune system
an animal without a backbone
Lunar Eclipse – 月食
the covering of the moon as it passes through the earth’s shadow.
Mammal – 哺乳动物
a warm-blooded vertebrate
Meteorite – 陨石，流星
a mass of stone from space and hits the surface of the moon or earth.
Meteorology – 气象学
the scientific study of the weather
Microbiology – 微生物学
the scientific study of micro-organisms
Oceanology – 海洋学
the scientific study of oceans
Omnivore – 杂食动物
an organism that eats both animals and plants
Opthalmology – 眼科学
the scientific study of the eyes
Ornithology – 鸟类学
the scientific study of birds
Parasitism – 寄生状态
a relationship in which an organism lives in other organism and benefits from that relationship. The other organism is harmed.
Parasitology - 寄生学
the scientific study of parasites
Photosynthesis – 光合作用
the food-making process of plants
Physiology – 生理学
the scientific study of the functions of living organisms
Pollution – 污染
harmful substances found in land, water, or air
water particles that fall from the atmosphere and reach the earth’s surface
the scientific study of mental processes in living creatures
Planet – 地球
a heavenly body revolving around the sun
Reptile – 爬行动物
A vertebrate with thick and dry skin. They are egg-laying organisms.
Sexology – 性学
the scientific study of sex
Star – 星星
a self-luminous heavenly body
Solar Eclipse – 日食
the covering of the sun when the moon passes between the sun and the earth
Solar System – 太阳系
the group that comprises the sun and the objects that are revolving around it
Symbiosis – 共生状态
a relationship between two organisms that persists over time
Tocology – 产科学
the scientific study of childbirth
Tornado – 龙卷风
a violent storm of whirling wind that travels across a narrow path in the ground
Toxicology – 毒理学
the scientific study of poisons
Vertebrate – 脊椎动物
an animal with a backbone
Volcano – 火山
an opening in the earth’s surface where lave flows out.
Water Cycle – 水循环
the movement of water from the earth to the air, and back to the earth’s surface.
Weathering – 风化作用
the process of breaking down of rocks into smaller pieces and particles.
Zoology – 动物学
the scientific study of animals.