在雅思写作大作文考试中主要可以分为两类,一类是议论文,一类是说明文。不管是哪一类题型都会用到让步法,让步法主要就是我们可以先退一步描述,然后再进行反驳。那么雅思写作考试中,如何写出漂亮的让步段呢,一起来看看小编的分享。

  什么是让步段(“退一步海阔天空”)

  说起“让步“二字,大家应该不陌生,因为英语的语法知识体系里就有让步状语从句。在雅思大作文中,让步就是先退一步承认自己不同意的事实或者观点,再对其进行反驳。

  举个例子,大家都或多或少有过面试的经历,我们可以类比一下。通常在面试结束后,HR如果要拒绝录用我们,他会在拒绝前先适当肯定一下我们在某些方面的闪光点,这就是让步。当然,肯定完之后,HR还是会直奔主题,给我们挑刺,无情地拒绝我们。

  在主体段写作过程中,将让步的内容扩展成一个段落,就是我们所说的让步段。

  让步段的实战意义(“让你的论证无懈可击”)

  让步段是一种实用性很强的写作段落,在论证过程中有着广泛的实战意义。首先,让步段通常出现在一边倒的“五段式”作文中。如上文所述,很多学生都将大部分精力集中在苦思冥想三个支持性观点和细节上, 而结果是往往想出第二个观点就语竭词穷了,但若换个思路,把最后一个主体段(全文第四段)写成让步段,能帮助我们很好地扩充文章的字数,满足写作要求。此外, 让步段写作还可以照顾到反方观点,避免给读者留下偏执走极端的印象,使论证更加全面客观,使整篇文章的论述更具有说服力。

  让步段到底怎么写(“欲抑先扬、人格分裂”)

  根据以上论述,我们知道了让步段的概念和意义。下面我们就来介绍让步段如何写作。典型的写作方式是”三步走”原则: 立反(承认反方观点的合理性)+论反(给出反方论据)+驳反(反驳反方观点)。

  下文结合实例,我们来分析如何写出一个具有说服力的让步段。

  01

  “三步走”原则:

  让步=立反+论反+驳反

  02

  常用词汇句式:

  立反

  1. As is granted, ...

  2. Opponents would argue that...

  3. Although/ In spite of the fact that ..., people tend to believe that ...

  4. It is undeniable that ...

  论反

  For example/ instance,...

  This is because ...

  驳反

  However,...

  03

  案例分析

  Example 1:

  Some people think that it is more important to plant more trees in open areas such as towns and cities than build more housing. To what extent do agree or disagree?

  让步段: (全文的立场: 种树比建房好)

  立反:In spite of the importance of planting trees in towns and cities, the construction of houses might be more significant in some cases.

  论反:This is because in certain regions where housing shortage is rather severe, the priority of governments would be building houses rather than planting trees.

  驳反:However, this kind of shortage has already been alleviated in numerous areas, so planting trees deserves more consideration.

  通过上面这道题让步段的写作,大家不难看出,“立反”和“论反”这两句的写作其实比较好找到突破口,关键是“驳反”这一句比较难寻切入点,这也被很多同学经常抱怨: 前一步刚给出理由来支持一个观点,后一步就要推倒这个观点,难道是要我“人格分裂”吗?没错,是的!为了解决这个疑惑,以下就为大家介绍两种“人格分裂”即“驳反”的方法。

  “驳反”法一:解决问题--说明问题能被克服,最好简单提出解决方法

  Example 2:

  In many countries, traditional foods are replacedby international fast foods. This is having a negative effect on families and societies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  让步段:(全文的立场:快餐食品对人们有利)

  立反:In spite of the two advantages mentioned above, there is an evident disadvantage of fast food.

  论反: The individuals who consume fast food constantly tend to become overweight, getting a number of diseases.

  驳反: However, this risk could be avoided to a large extent if people have fast food properly and do exercise regularly. (解决问题)

  “驳反”法二:针锋相对--直接指出反方的缺陷

  Example 3:

  Some people believe that living in big cities is bad for health.

  Do you agree or disagree?

  让步段:(全文的立场:住在城市对健康有害)

  立反: Although living in urban areas is detrimental to individuals’ physical and mental health, there are also benefits of urban life.

  论反: For instance, people might benefit from the better health care service provided in metropolises.

  驳反:However, this service may never completely cope with the health problems of citizens living in big cities. (针锋相对)

  以上是小编为大家带来的“雅思写作让步段怎么写更漂亮”一文。希望大家能掌握到小编为大家介绍的让步法,然后需要结合一些实际的练习来帮助我们更灵活的去掌握和运用。

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