范文 1：The Asian countries are getting westernized at a staggering rate. Take China for example, when youngsters go to the movies, it is common for them to choose Hollywood blockbusters over domestic films.
范文 2：To begin with, it is really helpful for university students to be taught some job-related skills that have already become a major focus of higher education. A typical example can be found inthe effort to develop their interpersonal skills now required by a growing number of companies as one of the most essential qualities of any job candidate.
句型：An interesting / striking / typical example of„ is provided by the story of sb. who…
范文 3：Animals are human’s companions. To illustrate, dolphins often rescue sailors from sinking ships.
Sampler 4：大量证据表明，破裂家庭的子女出现情感、行为障碍或触犯法律的可能性是完整家庭子女的 2～3 倍。
范文 4：A large body of evidence proves that children from broken families are two or three times as likely as those in intact families to have emotional or behavioral problems or get into trouble with the law.
范文 5：Decent education for every individual contributes significantly to the overall well-being of society, especially/particularly when their personal achievements amount to a driving force of social progress.
范文 6：It is not uncommon that school teachers nowadays tend to exert undue academic pressure on young students, with particular emphasis on consistently good performance in all sorts of tests and examinations.
Sampler 7：这点可以通过 „ 来说明
范文 7：It is evident from the information supplied that male are far more likely to commit crimes.This point can be illustrated/emphasized by the fact that male offenders accounted for 96% of prison inmates.
Sample ：员工和雇主能否都获益于“在家上班” 范文：There is some incontrovertible to suggest that both employees and employers can benefit a lot from the growing trend of telecommuting. According to a recent article published in the world-famous Nature Journal, while the average telecommuter can save a considerable portion of their travel expenses, it is estimated that their companies can cut operational costs by almost one third if 25% of the staff are allowed to work at home.
l According to a recent article published in the world-famous Time Magazine, …
l According to a recent survey conducted by a group of American researchers of the University of Chicago, …
模板：To begin with → In the second place → Lastly
范文 1： There are many reasons for entrusting scientific research to the governments rather than private companies.
[支持 1]To begin with, many large-scale and long-term research projects require substantial funding that only national governments can afford.
[支持 2]In the second place, first-rate scientists who enjoy international reputation are largely concentrated in government-sponsored research institutions.
[支持 3]Lastly, since most private companies are profit-orientated, the findings and conclusions from their research are more likely to be skewed or biased and even represent the interests of a small group.
注意： 不要用 Last but not least，否则引起考官反感，直接用 Lastly 即可!
l One major problems/advantage/measure of
l Another big risk/benefit/sound approach is that„„
范文 2：It has become increasingly apparent that the widespread use of cell phones gives rise to a number of problems in modern society.
[支持1]One major problems of using mobile devices too regularly is that they are posing a potential threat to human health in form of the microwave radiation emitted.
[支持 2]Another big risk is that cell phone technology is often manipulated and even abused to extract and sell users’ personal information to those unscrupulous marketing companies.
[支持 3]Furthermore, there is a third undesirable development: Since cell phones can provide criminals with increased mobility and accessibility to critical data, the number of unsolved crimesis steadily on the rise..
支持 1：健康层面 - 微波辐射对健康构成潜在的危害
支持 2：技术方面 - 技术滥用，个人信息被作为商品卖
支持 3：社会层面 – 给犯罪分子作案增加了便利，导致悬案增加
pose a potential treat(risks) to 构成潜在的危害(威胁)
unsolved crimes 悬案
(四)、对比论证(Comparison and Contrast)
思路：正面思维枯竭时，可以换位思考(“逆向思维”)，通过 A 烘托出 B 的优/缺点
正面论述 1 道德品质的教育比知识更重要(递进法)
正面论述 2 良好的行为可以促进学生的学习进步(递进法)
正面论述 3 最新的研究证据表明：优秀的学生往往两面俱佳(引用法)
反面论述 1 放弃道德行为的教育会产生许多问题(对比法)
范例：teaching students how to distinguish right from wrong is matter of utmost importance in education, especially during their formative years.
【支持 1】To begin with, such moral education is often regarded by most teachers as much more important than teaching them academic knowledge.
【支持 2】In addition, being fully aware of the difference between right and wrong effectively improves their own behavior, which can in turn facilitate their learning process.
【支持 3】According to a recent study conducted by a team of Canadian researchers of University of Toronto, many top students in high school not only perform well academically, but they also generally show decent behavior in a consistent way.
【支持 4】In sharp contrast, not providing young students with a proper moral education is a sure recipe for disaster because a number of serious problems may result from this failure.
facilitate their learning process 促进学习(facilitate 便利、促进)
a sure recipe for disaster 灾难性的后果
(五)、因果认证(Cause and effect)
模板 1：Be 动词 + 过去分词 + 介词
l be (directly) linked to ….
l be (strongly) related to …
l be (unquestionably) tied to…
l be (closely) connected with …
l be (largely) associated with …
l due to
l owing to
l as a consequence/result/consequently
范文 1：The ecological problems are being aggravated; therefore, it is imperative that we take measures to combat the pollution of the environment.
范文 2：The government should raise the public awareness of environmental preservation, therebypromoting sustainable development and creating a more livable environment.
l lead to „ (从句)
l give rise to „ (从句)
l contribute to „ (从句)
l result in „ (从句)
题目 3：Many people use distance-learning programs (study material post, TV, Internet, etc) to study at home, but some think that it cannot bring as benefits as attending college or university. To what extent to you agree or disagree with this opinion?
主体段一：提出反对理由 写 distance learning 的好处(Benefits)
主体段二：提出支持理由 写 distance learning 的坏处之一(Problem1)
主体段三：提出支持理由 写 distance learning 的坏处之二(Problem2)
【主题句】Despite the convenience and relatively low cost of distance learning, it would be wise for us to consider it downside.
【支持 1】One of the biggest problems is that it cannot create an environment that is conducive to the students’ learning process, especially the much-needed interaction with their professors and classmates.
【支持 2】This may result in a terrible sense of disconnection and even social isolation among the learners.
【支持 3】In comparison, attending college or university is a more pleasant and exciting experience for young students as they can combine academic learning with a wide variety of social and extracurricular activities.
【主题句】以 despite 为引导 的让步状语从句开始，总结主体段一中分析的好处，可视为“转折法;
【支持 1】为“递 进法”;
思路：用词出现 this, that, these, those, it, they, such 等代词，与其他方法配合应用
模板 1：This is clearly shown in the following example: „.(从句) +举例法
范文 1：When it comes to how public opinion is formed, newspapers are unquestionably one of the strongest powers. This is clearly shown in the following example: many high school students in America who take the SAT are in the habit of citing articles from a wide variety of influential newspapers in their writing.
模板 2：This has already been proved by the case of „ +举例法
范文 2：There is no denying that chronic youth joblessness is a contributing factor of social instability. This has already been proved by the case of increased criminal activities among unemployed or underemployed urban youngsters, many of whom even regard these wrongdoings as a way to make a living.
l However, „. 从句
l Yet, „ 从句
l Nevertheless, „ 从句
l Nonetheless,„ 从句
l In spite of,„.