Some people think that strict punishments for driving offences are the key to reducing traffic accidents. Others, however, believe that other measures would be more effective in improving road safety. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
开头段People have differing views with regard to the question of how to make our roads safer. In my view, both punishments and a range of other measures can be used together to promote better driving habits.
主体段1：On the one hand, strict punishments can certainly help to encourage people to drive more safely. Penalties for dangerous drivers can act as a deterrent, meaning that people avoid repeating the same offense. There are various types of driving penalty, such as small fines, license suspension, driver awareness courses, and even prison sentences/imprisonment. The aim of these punishments is to show dangerous drivers that their actions have negative consequences. As a result, we would hope that drivers become more disciplined and alert, and that they follow the rules more carefully.
主体段2：On the other hand, I believe that safe driving can be promoted in several different ways that do not punish drivers. Firstly, it is vitally important to educate people properly before they start to drive, and this could be done in schools or even as part of an extended or more difficult driving test. Secondly, more attention could be paid to safe road design. For example, signs can be used to warn people, speed bumps (减速块) and road bends (道路弯曲) can be added to calm traffic, and speed cameras can help to deter people from driving too quickly. Finally, governments or local councils could reduce road accidents by investing in better public transport, which would mean that fewer people would need to travel by car.
结尾段：In conclusion, while punishments can help to prevent bad driving, I believe that other road safety measures should also be introduced.
惩罚penalty, punitive measures
威慑力deterrent (deter sb. From doing威慑某人不做某事)
监禁prison sentence/ imprisonment
安全意识课程driving awareness course
错将油门当刹车踩mistake the gas pedal as the brake
穿过交叉路口cross an intersection
猛烈撞击到了人群中plough into the crowd
受到酒精或毒品的影响under the influence of alcohol or drugs