Several languages are in danger of extinction because they are spoken by very small numbers of people. Some people say that governments should spend public money on saving these languages, while others believe that would be a waste of money. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
开头段：背景介绍 + 个人观点
主体段1：(分析反方观点)理由 + 论证
主体段2：(支持并分析正方观点)理由 + 论证
结尾段：重申自己观点 + 汇总理由
背景句 + 个人观点：It is true that some minority languages may disappear in the near future. Although it can be argued that governments could save money by allowing this to happen, I believe that these languages should be protected and preserved.
主题句：There are several reasons why saving minority languages could be seen as a waste of money.
平行列举：Firstly, if a language is only spoken by a small number of people, expensive education programmes will be needed to make sure that more people learn it, and the state will have to pay for facilities, teachers and marketing. This money might be better spent on other public services. Secondly, it would be much cheaper and more efficient for countries to have just one language. Governments could cut all kinds of costs related to communicating with each minority group.
重申观点：Despite the above arguments, I believe that governments should try to preserve languages that are less widely spoken.
主题句：A language is much more than simply a means of communication; it has a vital connection with the cultural identity of the people who speak it.
对比论证：If a language disappears, a whole way of life will disappear with it, and we will lose the rich cultural diversity that makes societies more interesting. By spending money to protect minority languages, governments can also preserve traditions, customs and behaviours that are part of a country’s history.
重申自己观点 + 汇总理由：不花钱拯救小语种短期内省钱，但从长远看有害文化遗产的传承。
In conclusion, it may save money in the short term if we allow minority languages to disappear, but in the long term this would have an extremely negative impact on our cultural heritage.
in the near future 在不远的将来
allow ... to do ... 让...做/成为
widely spoken 广泛应用的
more than simply ... 不仅仅是
have a vital connection with 与...紧密连接
cultural identity 文化身份
cultural diversity 文化多样性
have an impact on 对...有影响
cultural heritage 文化遗产