在雅思写作备考中,如何进行有效的备考呢,很多考生在备考大作文部分感觉无从下手,不知如何备考写作才有效,为帮助大家备考,小编为大家带来了雅思大作文范文解析-富国该不该为穷国提供支援,来看看高分作文怎么写。

  题目

  Some people think giving aid to poorer countries has more negative effects than positive ones. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  题型:同意与否

  翻译:有些人认为为穷弱国家提供支援造成的消极后果要多于积极效应。对此你同意与否?

  写作结构

  开头段:背景介绍 + 阐明立场(认为消极后果多于积极效应)

  主体段 1:理由 1 + 论证

  主体段 2:理由 2 + 论证

  让步段:为对立观点做一定让步;进一步强调自我立场的合理性。

  结尾段:重申自我观点 + 汇总理由

  范文分析

  开头段

  交代背景:全球化背景下,国际社会十分重视对于穷弱国家的援助,公众对此观点不一。作者认为这种举措的消极后果要多于积极效益。

  背景句:In the era of globalization, offering aid to economically disadvantaged countries is becoming one of the priorities on the international agenda. However, many people hold a pessimistic opinion that giving aid to poorer countries would bring more negative impacts than positive effects.

  个人观点:I personally agree with this standpoint and my reasons will be illustrated as followed.

  主体段 1

  段落大意:给穷国提供资金支持和人道主义救援只能解决他们眼下最紧迫的社会问题。

  主题句:Firstly, directly giving aid, such as financial support and humanitarian rescue, is only effective in solving the most urgent social problems.

  递进解释 + 平行列举: 资金和物质援助能帮助穷困地区缓解自然灾害、饥饿和疾病等紧迫问题,但难以解决政治动荡和极度贫困等长期社会问题。

  Providing financial and material aid to impoverished regions can cope with emergencies like natural disasters, famine, and diseases. However, the long-term issues, such as political instability, extreme poverty, and the scarcity of educational and medical resources, can’t be alleviated simply by international aid.

  主体段 2

  段落大意:支援穷弱国家的行为多少含有政治动机,而且对于援助国本身的社会经济发展有消极影响。

  主题句:Secondly, giving aid to poorer countries is inevitably politically motivated, meaning that a certain number of aid-giving countries have been forced into the mission.

  递进解释: 一些援助国耗费大量资金、物资和人力在援助行动中,不仅引起本国公民的异议,也一定程度上干扰了援助国本身的发展。

  As the reluctant help-providers, the economically stronger nations have spent millions or billions in providing financial, material, technological and even military assistance. Such a huge expenditure would invariably affect the local development of rich countries, which has aroused scepticism and even objection among the citizens.

  让步段

  段落大意:国际援助的积极效果是有的,如帮助穷弱国家解决最迫在眉睫的问题。但其长期的发展必须依靠自强自立来实现,不可能一味依赖外界援助。

  Nevertheless, the positive effects brought about by the international aid can’t be denied. Giving aid to poorer countries does help solving the most immediate problems and even boost international collaboration on business and trade. But to achieve sustainable development of economy, education, technology and other industries, all countries have to find their own specific ways rather than relying on external aid.

  结尾段

  重申观点 + 汇总理由:援助穷国的消极后果更多,因为这只能解决短期问题,治标不治本。

  Therefore, I believe the negative impacts of giving aid to poorer countries outweigh its positive effects, since it only solves short-term issues and it might affect the development of the aid-giving countries.

  重点表达

  agenda n. 日程,计划

  financial support 资金援助

  humanitarian rescue 人道主义救援

  impoverished adj. 贫瘠的,赤贫的

  scarcity n. 缺乏,匮乏

  scepticism n. 怀疑,质疑

  以上是小编为大家准备的雅思大作文范文解析-富国该不该为穷国提供支援,大家可以通过练习掌握这一类的题目答题思路以及一些高分句型。

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