剑桥雅思考试真题是官方给出的教材,所以每一位考生都值得好好的利用这份资料。接下来小编为大家带来的剑桥雅思14test1阅读passage1答案解析【附译文】部分内容,由于篇幅太长,所以未能在全文中展示,但是已经为大家打包好了,剑14真题解析,快去学习吧。

  Question 1

  答案:creativity

  关键词:magical kingdom, help

  定位原文:原文第1段,Brick by brick, six-year-old Alice is building a magical kingdom. … Although she isn’t aware of it, this fantasy is helping her take her first steps towards her capacity for creativity and so it will have important repercussions in her adult life.

  解题思路:选择magical kingdom和help作为关键词,空格做develop的宾语,所以可知是名词,句意问的是“帮助发展…”。回到原位定位第1段。第一段后半部分说到,由helping her take her first steps towards her capacity for creativity可知,帮助她发展的是capacity for creativity,填一个名词,选择creativity,创造力。

  Question 2

  答案:rules

  关键词:board games, turn-taking

  定位原文:原文第2段,Later on, when they tire of this and settle down with a board game, she’s learning about the need to follow rules and take turns with a partner.

  解题思路:利用board games及turn-taking可以直接定位到原文第2段最后一句。由题干可知,空格做involve的宾语,并且和turn-taking构成并列关系。在定位句中,turn-taking换成了take turns,与take turns构成并列关系的是follow rules,由于我们的答案只能写一个词,所以involve和follow构成替换关系,答案为rules。

  Question 3

  答案:cities

  关键词:changes, populations

  定位原文:原文第5段,But we live in changing times, and Whitebread is mindful of a worldwide decline in play, pointing out that over half the people in the world now live in cities.

  解题思路:利用changes定位到原文第5段的changing times。题干中问的是“…的人口增长了”,所以进一步利用populations定位,空格做of的宾语,是名词或动名词。在定位句中,populations换成了people,句中说的是“世界上超过半数的人口现在生活在城市中”,由此可知,是“城市的人口增长了”。

  Question 4

  答案:traffic

  关键词:opportunities, fear

  定位原文:原文第5段,‘The opportunities for free play, which I experienced almost every day of my childhood, are becoming increasingly scarce,’ he says. Outdoor play is curtailed by perceptions of risk to do with traffic, …

  解题思路:根据填空题的顺序性,利用opportunities可以确定大致定位。题干中的limited替换原文的curtailed(缩减),fear替换原文的risk,所以fear(害怕)的是traffic。

  Question 5

  答案:crime

  关键词:fear, 并列关系

  定位原文:原文第5段,Outdoor play is curtailed by perceptions of risk to do with traffic, as well as parents’ increased wish to protect their children from being the victims of crime, …

  解题思路:承接第四题,第五题问的也是fear(害怕)什么,答案位于of后面,同样是一个名词或动名词,且和上一题的traffic构成并列关系。原文定位句中,as well as表示并列关系,后面的句子中,说到“家长越来越希望保护孩子免受犯罪行为侵害”,所以,fear(害怕)的应该是犯罪行为,即原文中的crime。

  Question 6

  答案:competition

  关键词:increased, schools

  定位原文:原文第5段,… and by the emphasis on ‘earlier is better’ which is leading to greater competition in academic learning and schools.

  解题思路:题干问到“学校里增加的…”,需要一个名词。承接第四题和第五题,第六题信息与traffic及crime构成并列关系。在原文中,and的后面为答案所在的部分,其中,题干中的increased换成了greater,所以答案为competition。

  Question 7

  答案:evidence

  关键词:international policies, difficult

  定位原文:原文第6段,International bodies like the United Nations and the European Union have begun to develop policies concerned with children’s right to play, … But what they often lack is the evidence to base policies on.

  解题思路:利用international policies定位文章文章第6段,原文中替换成了international bodies,题干中空格做find的宾语,所以是名词。句意为,“很难找到…来支持新政策”,回到文章中,对应but 转折之后,lack(缺乏)替换了“difficult to find”,所以缺少的是evidence。

  Question 8

  答案:life

  关键词:impact, rest

  定位原文:原文第7-8段,‘And we want to know what the long-term impact of play is. … Dr Jenny Gibson agrees, pointing out that although some of the steps in the puzzle of how and why play is important have been looked at, there is very little data on the impact it has on the child’s later life.

  解题思路:题干问的是,“调查需要研究玩耍对于孩子们余下的…的影响”空格处需要一个名词。impact在第7段和第8段各出现了一次,第7段的impact大致说明了research的内容,第8段的impact具体说到“the impact it has on the child’s later life”,所以题干中的rest相当于原文中的later,空格答案为life。

  Question 9

  答案:TRUE

  关键词:children, self-control

  定位原文:原文第11段,…she found that children with greater self-control solved problems more quickly when exploring an unfamiliar set-up requiring scientific reasoning. ‘This sort of evidence makes us think that giving children the chance to play will make them more successful problem-solvers in the long run.’

  解题思路:利用children和self-control定位到原文第11段,题干中的good self-control替换成了greater self-control。从定位句中可以看出,自控力更强的孩子处理问题会更快,引号中的句子进一步说明,in the long run(长期来看),这会使得孩子们更成功地解决问题。这层意思与题干中说到的,“自控力很强的孩子可能在之后的校园生活中表现更好”,是基本吻合的,所以答案选择TRUE。

  ...

  以上是小编为大家带来的剑桥雅思14test1阅读passage1答案解析【附译文】相关内容,希望能帮助各位考生顺利的结合练习通关雅思。


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