1. Computer technologies are more accessible and cheaper, as the result, more adults work at home and children study at home. Is this a positive or negative development?
It is undeniable that with the aid of computers and Internet, people benefit from studying or working at home in some aspects. To begin with, students or workers can set out their study or work timetable fully flexibly. They can have time at their disposal without going to school or work early in the morning every day. Moreover, students or employees can spare the trouble of traveling on the road to school and company. In other words, they can save the time on traveling for more meaningful activities in study or work. In addition, the school or the company even do not bother to construct its buildings or lease its offices, with a result that the operational cost can be reduced significantly.
Nevertheless, we cannot dismiss the drawbacks brought about by studying or working on computers at home. Firstly, students or employees cannot develop a close relationship with their counterparts. As they do their jobs on computer at home, they lack chances of face-to-face interactions with each other and cannot jointly participate in actual activities. They may know each other in the virtual world, but they cannot make intimate friends or colleagues in reality. Secondly, students or workers are inclined to live an isolated life. They are more likely to spend most time of the day at home, which inhibits them from frequently socializing with other people. As a consequence, they may become unsociable or eccentric. Thirdly, the school or the firm may find it difficult to manage its students or its staff, as the students or employees are not obliged to go to school or work every day. The school or the business may fail to impose punishment on students or workers for their mistakes in study or work. By contrast, students or employees may lack a sense of belonging with the school or the establishment on the grounds that they cannot intuitively understand how important they are to the school or the company. Students or workers, therefore, may not have a deep affection for the place where they study or work on a daily basis.
2. It is important for all towns and cities to have large public outdoor places like squares and parks. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
“Claustrophobia ” is recently a word that is no stranger to the people living in big cities, which describes a newly found psychological disease. People who have “claustrophobia” usually find it depressed and unbearable to stay in a confined place for a long time due to different reasons. However, the problem is that most of us do have to stay indoor (office, workshop, classroom, etc.) for the most of the time of the life. Therefore, it is of great necessity to welcome more large public places like parks and squares where the citizens can get close to the nature and get rid of the pressure in working or studying time.
The large public spaces, first and foremost, provide a regular way for the local people to do things of all kinds more than their work. Sporting like jogging or playing badminton, which cannot usually be realized indoor will certainly become one of the best choice for the young and old in spare time to get refreshed after a whole day’s heavy workload. Additionally, parks with plants are also somewhere for people to have a bite to eat during the break while they are busy, probably meeting someone interesting. Last but not the least, establishing as many as those large public places. The image of the city is will be laddered up for the garden is no doubt to be carefully attended. It should be always cherished for the city people to have more green plants.
However, it does not mean those places are without any disadvantages. A recent case centered on the riot instigated by a gang of terrorists in the commercial street of Changsha lead to several deaths. It is always those densely populated public places that become the target of terrorists.
In conclusion, it is a great policy for governments to set up as many large public places as possible. Meanwhile, they should also make sure that the precaution work has already been done.
3. Many people believe that printed books are not good in this digital era, because computer can store more information, while others thinks printed books are still playing a significant role. Discuss both views and give your own ideas.
Along with popularization of the Internet, storage and sharing of information have come to exist in various forms. Some people believe that printed books will still play a considerably significant role. After serious consideration, I am convinced that the importance of printed books will be tremendously undermined, in view of their costs and the emergence of electronic books.
To begin with, printed books will be gradually replaced due to their relatively expensive costs. Conspicuously, the decreasing utilization of printed books is ascribed to their operational costs and destruction to surroundings. For example, publishing a book requires investment of a mass of manpower, material resources and financial resources. Besides, production of printed books also means consumption of vast amounts of wood, which can reduce the size of forests even further. Finally, the pollutants coming from book production can contaminate the quality of water and atmosphere. Hence, those negative consequences printed books may have an unpleasant impact on printed books themselves.
The appearance of electronic books renders lower demands of printed books. Conspicuously, features of electronic books include low-priced and environmentally-friendly make them become the future of books. For instance, in comparison with traditional book forms and e-books popularized by the Internet are easier to carry, rich in content and real-time updated. Thus, e-books can win more popularity from youngsters and become a first choice for most of the readers.
Admittedly, printed books still play a crucial role. For example, a majority of school textbooks are printed, which is like a guarantee of correctness and completeness of knowledge; e-books on the other hand can be inaccessible due to network problems and computer viruses. However, e-books are bound to be predominant, in view of the increasingly popularized Internet, continuous innovation of technology and sound progress of the environment.
In brief, the relatively high costs of printed books and eco-friendly, portable and two-bit electronic books will certainly hinder the role and function of printed books.