在雅思备考中,考生需要积累大量的词汇,以帮助我们更好地进行答题。那我们重点学习哪些词汇呢?又该如何记忆呢?接下来小编给大家盘点了一些在雅思考试中常见的核心词汇,并进行了分类总结,希望能帮助大家通过分类的记忆方法去集中的学习这些词汇。

  生物学之一

  1. habitat n. the natural home of a plant or animal (动植物的)栖息地或产地: I prefer to see animals in their natural habitat, rather than in zoos.

  相关语汇

  habitation: The dilapidated hut is unfit for human habitation.

  habitable: Their damp house is scarcely habitable.

  uninhabitable: The planet Jupiter is uninhabitable.

  inhabit: Woodpeckers inhabit hollow trees.

  2. infest v. (of something harmful, dangerous, or unwanted) to be present (in a place) in large numbers or to a great degree (大量危害物)出没于; 侵扰; 骚扰: It would be crazy to swim in these shark-infested waters.

  近义语汇

  swarm: The place was swarming with tourists.

  teem: This river teems with all kinds of fish in summer.

  overrun: The stables are overrun with rats.

  beset: The plan was beset with difficulties from the beginning.

  3. lifespan n. the average length of life of a sort of animal or plant or the time for which a material object will last (动植物的)平均寿命; (物品的) 使用年限: Men have a short lifespan than women.

  相关语汇

  life expectancy or expectation of life 预期寿命; 平均(期望)寿命:

  Life expectancy for men is about 78 years in Japan.

  解构分析

  span n. 指一段时间或(桥梁)跨度/全长: attention span; memory span;

  an unbroken span of concentration; The bridge crosses the river in a single span.

  span v. 跨越/横跨; 延伸/贯穿: His interests spanned a wide range of

  subjects. The game has a history spanning three centuries.故lifespan的直意为"生命的跨度"

  4. metabolism n. the system of chemical activities by which a living thing gains power(energy), esp. from food

  新陈代谢: The metabolism is slowed down by extreme cold.

  同源语汇

  metabolic: People who have inherited a low metabolic rate will gain weight.

  metabolize: Diabetics cannot metabolize glucose properly.

  5. torpid a. (esp. of an animal that sleeps through the winter) having lost the power of feeling or moving; lazy or inactive; moving or thinking slowly (冬眠动物)失去活动能力的; 处于蛰伏状态的: The heat and humidity made us feel torpid.

  近义语汇

  lethargic: The weather made her listless and lethargic.

  sluggish: sluggish traffic; a sluggish economy

  dormant: During the winter the seeds lie dormant in the soil.

  latent: These children have a huge reserve of latent talent.

  以上是今天小编为大家带来的“雅思核心词汇分类小结”的相关内容,在雅思备考中词汇量基础打得好,对我们后期备考复习有很大帮助,希望大家通过学习能在考试中收获高分。


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